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“The less ignorant men understand, the more they admire…” —Gregory of Nazianze

Technological Hazard – Structural Collapse: Odisha, India


Technological Hazard –  Structural Collapse

Asia – India | State of Odisha, Cuttack District 
Location: N 20° 36.360, E 84° 44.918
Fatalities: 0
Injured: 11
Missing: unknown
Evacuees: unknown
Damage Level: minor

Technological Disaster in India on Thursday, 28 August, 2014 at 10:40 (10:40 AM) UTC.

Eleven labourers including an engineer were injured, two of them seriously, after a portion of an under-construction bridge over river Mahanadi connecting Banki and Subarnapur, caved in at Jatamundia in Odisha’s Cuttack district on Wednesday night. The two seriously injured labourers -Akshaya Pradhan and Chikun Sahu who were rushed to Athgarh sub divisional hospital, were later shifted to SCB Medical College and Hospital at Cuttack, reports said. The condition of both is critical, sources in the SCB Hospital said. According to reports, the construction work of the bridge was underway when four slabs, connecting two spans of the bridge, suddenly collapsed. The incident took place between 7.30 PM and 8 PM. The 10 injured labourers have been identified as Damodar Behera, Abhinna Behera, Niranjan Lenka, Baikuntha Saha, Bharat Behera, Akshaya Pradhan, Chikun Sahu, Arun Behera, Prasanna Behera and Pravakar Singh. The supervising egineer Anil Tripathy was also injured in the mishap, the reports said. A fire brigade team from Athgarh was rushed to join the rescue work to trace out other labourers, who are feared to have fallen into the river after the bridge collapsed. The team was facing difficulty in tracing out the missing labourers due to the strong current of the river, the reports added.

Source: RSOE EDIS

Nuclear Event – Another Reactor Shutdown: Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant, Alabama


Technological Hazard –  Nuclear Event

North-America – USA | State of Alabama,  Athens
Time: 2014-28-08 at 11:09 (11:09 AM) UTC.
Location: N 34° 42.233, W 87° 7.117

Nuclear Event in USA on Thursday, 28 August, 2014 at 11:09 (11:09 AM) UTC.

The Unit 1 reactor at Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant was taken offline Tuesday because of an electrical malfunction, a Tennessee Valley Authority spokesman said Wednesday. Jim Hopson said the automatic “downpower” occurred at 5:30 p.m. after indications of an electrical load imbalance on the main generator’s output circuitry. He said the issue was not associated with the reactor itself, but instead with the power generation system. He said there was no danger to the public or plant personnel related to the shutdown. “If you’ve ever driven your car down the road and shifted your car into neutral, what happens?” Hopson said, providing an example of why the automatic downpowering of the reactor occurred. “You don’t want that power to not have anywhere to go. All of the equipment performed the way it was supposed to.” He said Units 2 and 3 continue to operate at full capacity and were not affected by the Unit 1 outage. Plant workers are still investigating the cause of the load imbalance and Unit 1 won’t be brought back online until the issue is resolved, Hopson said. “Sometimes it can be tricky to track down and find the cause,” he said. “The actual amount of time (until it can be returned to service) will depend on the cause and the effectiveness of the repairs.” Nuclear Regulatory Commission spokesman Joey Ledford said NRC observers stationed at the plant were monitoring the situation, but said there is currently no reason to believe the incident was anything more than an “uncomplicated trip” of the reactor’s electrical system.

Previous Events:

Nuclear Event in USA on Thursday, 08 May, 2014 at 03:29 (03:29 AM) UTC.

The newest reactor at TVA’s oldest nuclear plant automatically shut down Tuesday after power supply was temporarily interrupted to two recirculation pumps that supply water to the reactor core, TVA officials said today. The trip of the two pumps at the Unit 3 reactor at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant caused the unit to cease power generation around 9:30 a.m. EDT on Tuesday. TVA spokesman Jim Hopson said today that feedwater pumps maintained water in the reactor core, but the unit automatically shut down as designed when water levels covering the fuel rods dropped by about 40 inches. “We still had 13 feet over the reactor rods and the water was quickly restored to the previous level (of about 17 feet above the fuel rods),” Hopson said. “We continue to investigate the causes of this incident, but the reactor shut down automatically and there was no safety risk from this event.” TVA is keeping the reactor on standby until the investigation is completed, Hopson said. Dave Lochbaum, senior scientist for the Union of Concerned Scientist and a former Browns Ferry and NRC employee, said previous TVA studies of the pumps that circulate water through the reactor core have indicated that an incident like what happened Tuesday should not have occurred. “Apparently, Browns Ferry operated outside the bounds of its safety study,” Lochbaum said. “Will TVA fix this dilemma before restarting Unit 3? And will TVA do anything to check whether Units 1 and 2 are equally impaired?” Hopson said the problems on Unit 3 were corrected and are not believed to be similar to those of the other two Browns Ferry units. “But we will continue to look at all of our equipment and procedures at all three units,” Hopson said. Lochbaum said the reactor scram was not of any safety concern but did interrupt some of the power generation at Browns Ferry and needs to be assessed to ensure such power interruptions don’t continue to happen.

Nuclear Event in USA on Thursday, 20 March, 2014 at 04:12 (04:12 AM) UTC.

The Unit 1 reactor at Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant was taken offline Tuesday because of an electrical malfunction, a Tennessee Valley Authority spokesman said Wednesday. Jim Hopson said the automatic “downpower” occurred at 5:30 p.m. after indications of an electrical load imbalance on the main generator’s output circuitry. He said the issue was not associated with the reactor itself, but instead with the power generation system. He said there was no danger to the public or plant personnel related to the shutdown. “If you’ve ever driven your car down the road and shifted your car into neutral, what happens?” Hopson said, providing an example of why the automatic downpowering of the reactor occurred. “You don’t want that power to not have anywhere to go. All of the equipment performed the way it was supposed to.” He said Units 2 and 3 continue to operate at full capacity and were not affected by the Unit 1 outage. Plant workers are still investigating the cause of the load imbalance and Unit 1 won’t be brought back online until the issue is resolved, Hopson said. “Sometimes it can be tricky to track down and find the cause,” he said. “The actual amount of time (until it can be returned to service) will depend on the cause and the effectiveness of the repairs.” Nuclear Regulatory Commission spokesman Joey Ledford said NRC observers stationed at the plant were monitoring the situation, but said there is currently no reason to believe the incident was anything more than an “uncomplicated trip” of the reactor’s electrical system.

Source: RSOE EDIS

Geospace Environment


GEOMAGNETIC ACTIVITY: Earth’s magnetic field is unsettled today following the arrival of a CME during the early hours of August 27th. Around the North and South Poles, high-latitude sky watchers are reporting intermittently-bright auroras.

The CME that instigated the display was launched toward Earth on Aug. 22nd. As NOAA analysts predicted, the solar wind speed did not change much when the slow-moving CME arrived. However, the storm cloud was still effective because it contained a south-pointing magnetic field that opened a crack in Earth’s magnetosphere. Solar wind is poured in to fuel the show.

High-latitude sky watchers, if it is dark where you live, be alert for auroras. Solar wind conditions continue to favor geomagnetic activity as August 27th unfolds.

Current Auroral Oval

Current Auroral Oval, Updated 27 Aug 2014 Credit: NOAA/POES

Planetary K-index
Now: Kp= 4 unsettled
24-hr max: Kp= 4
unsettled

The Estimated 3-hour Planetary Kp-index is derived at the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center using data from the following ground-based magnetometers: Sitka, Alaska; Meanook, Canada; Ottawa, Canada; Fredericksburg, Virginia; Hartland, UK; Wingst, Germany; Niemegk, Germany; and Canberra, Australia. These data are made available thanks to the cooperative efforts between SWPC and data providers around the world, which currently includes the U.S. Geological Survey, Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN), the British Geological Survey, the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), and Geoscience Australia. Important magnetometer observations are also contributed by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris and the Korean Space Weather Center

On Aug. 27, 2014, the NASA all-sky camera network reported 37 fireballs. (36 sporadics, 1 Northern delta Aquariid)

Source: Spaceweather.com


 

Space Weather Message Code: WARK05
Serial Number: 906
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 1726 UTC

EXTENDED WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 905
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0715 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2014 Aug 27 2300 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft – Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.


Space Weather Message Code: WARK04
Serial Number: 2300
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 1724 UTC

EXTENDED WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 2299
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0330 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2014 Aug 28 0700 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.


Space Weather Message Code: WATA30
Serial Number: 113
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 1242 UTC

WATCH: Geomagnetic Storm Category G2 Predicted
Highest Storm Level Predicted by Day:
Aug 28: G2 (Moderate) Aug 29: None (Below G1) Aug 30: None (Below G1)
THIS SUPERSEDES ANY/ALL PRIOR WATCHES IN EFFECT
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 55 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Power grid fluctuations can occur. High-latitude power systems may experience voltage alarms.
Spacecraft – Satellite orientation irregularities may occur; increased drag on low Earth-orbit satellites is possible.
Radio – HF (high frequency) radio propagation can fade at higher latitudes.
Aurora – Aurora may be seen as low as New York to Wisconsin to Washington state.


Space Weather Message Code: WARK05
Serial Number: 905
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 1227 UTC

EXTENDED WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 904
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0715 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2014 Aug 27 1800 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft – Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.


Space Weather Message Code: ALTK04
Serial Number: 1721
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 0744 UTC

ALERT: Geomagnetic K-index of 4
Threshold Reached: 2014 Aug 27 0744 UTC
Synoptic Period: 0600-0900 UTC
Active Warning: Yes
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.


Space Weather Message Code: WARK04
Serial Number: 2299
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 0713 UTC

EXTENDED WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 2298
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0330 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2014 Aug 27 1900 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.


Space Weather Message Code: WARK05
Serial Number: 904
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 0712 UTC

WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0715 UTC
Valid To: 2014 Aug 27 1300 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
NOAA Scale: G1 – Minor
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft – Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.


Space Weather Message Code: WARK04
Serial Number: 2298
Issue Time: 2014 Aug 27 0314 UTC

WARNING: Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Valid From: 2014 Aug 27 0330 UTC
Valid To: 2014 Aug 27 1300 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora – Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.


http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/alerts/warnings_timeline.html

Biological Health Hazards – Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola virus): Latest Disease Updates from The World Healh Organization


27 August 2014, West Africa:

  1. Guinea: 607 cases; 406 deaths
  2. Sierra Leone: 910 cases; 392 deaths
  3. Liberia: 1082 cases; 624 deaths
  4. Nigeria: 16 cases; 5 deaths

WHO Ebola update, August 22: 2,615 cases, 1,427 deaths

It’s 2:30 Saturday morning in Geneva, and WHO has just published Ebola virus disease update – west Africa. Excerpt:

Epidemiology and surveillance 

Between 19 and 20 August 2014, a total of 142 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 77 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

Health sector response

Questions have been received in WHO Headquarters about the original proposed budget for the response and the new draft budget, which is being reviewed by partners. The increase in needed resources is based on improved data and understanding of the situation on the ground in the affected countries.

The new estimation of costs is derived using a unit-cost model, built for the most intense transmission areas and reflects the average operational costs based on the current situation in the affected countries. The major assumptions for the cost estimates will be announced towards the end of next week.

WHO continues to receive reports of rumoured or suspected cases from countries around the world and systematic verification of these cases is ongoing. Countries are encouraged to continue engaging in active surveillance and preparedness activities. As of today, no new cases have been confirmed outside of Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, or Sierra Leone.

WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.)

The Ebola numbers keep rising. Between August 19 and 20, we have seen 142 new cases and 77 deaths. The totals: 2,615 cases, and 1,427 deaths. That is a case fatality ratio of 54.5%. 

Public Information on Ebola Virus Disease


Global Disease Surveillance Summary

 

591 Hemorrhagic Alerts:

Ebola (583), Marburg Fever (1), Hemorrhagic Fever (7)


374 Vectorborne Alerts

Dengue (110), Chikungunya (82), West Nile Virus (126), Eastern Equine Encephalitis (11), Japanese Encephalitis (2), Zika virus (8), Tick-borne disease (3), Plague (5), Chagas (2), Malaria (10), Babesiosis (3), Lyme Disease (4), Scrub Typhus (1), Powassan virus (1), La Crosse Encephalitis (4), Tick-borne Encephalitis (2)


165 Gastrointestinal Alerts

Salmonella (32), Foodborne Illness (10), Cholera (29), E. coli (12), Norovirus (8), Gastroenteritis (14), Listeriosis (16), Waterborne Illness (28), Campylobacter (2), Diarrhea (8), Amoeba (2), Hepatitis A (1), Trichinosis (1), Vibrio vulnificus (2)


121 Animal Alerts

Foot and Mouth (9), Other Animal Disease (6), Bluetongue (48), Vesicular Stomatitis (12), Avian Influenza (8), Animal Die-off (9), Novel Swine Enteric Coronavirus (1), Anthrax (10), African Swine Fever (11), Parvovirus (3), Classical Swine Fever (2), Equine Herpes Virus (1), Feline panleukopenia virus (1)


57 Neurological Alerts

Meningitis – Neisseria (1), Polio (15), Bacterial Meningitis (2), Rabies (30), Meningitis (4), Botulism (4), Encephalitis (1)


54 Respiratory Alerts

MERS (2), Influenza (7), Hantavirus (2), Adenovirus (2), Coronavirus (1), Swine Flu H3N2 (1), Whooping Cough (13), Respiratory Syncytial Virus (8), Swine Flu H1N1 (15), Tuberculosis (2), Cold (1)


54 Other Alerts

Undiagnosed (3), Chronic/Non-Infectious Disease (2), Not Yet Classified (13), Pests (16), Other Plant Disease (7), Poisoning (8), Other Human Disease (5)


29 Skin/Rash Alerts

Measles (19), Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (6), Scabies (1), Chicken Pox (1), Leprosy (2)


9 STD Alerts

Gonorrhea (3), HIV/AIDS (3), Syphilis (3)


9 Medical Facility Alerts

MRSA (5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2), Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) (1), Hospital-Related Infection (1)


8 Fever/Febrile Alerts

Strep (2), Fever (2), Mumps (3), Typhoid (1)


7 Environmental Alerts

Algae (4), Environmental (3)

Biological Hazard – Bluetongue Virus (BTV): Romania


Biological Hazard – Bluetongue Virus (BTV) [catarrhal fever]  –  Animal Health Threat

Europe -  Romania | County of Buzau
Bio-hazard Level: 3/4 High 
Affected Country-wide
Location: N 45° 20.105, E 26° 42.645
Deaths: unknown
Infected: unknown

Biological Hazard in Romania on Wednesday, 27 August, 2014 at 13:16 (01:16 PM) UTC.

The bluetongue disease, an infectious disease which affects cattle and sheep, was confirmed in seven villages in Buzau county, south-east of Romania, according to county prefect Maria Buleandra. However the situation changes every hour as the disease not only affects cattle, but also sheep. The disease already affected dozens of cattle. In the areas where the bluetongue disease was confirmed, animal trading was stopped, according to Buleandra. On Tuesday, August 26, Minister of Interior Gabriel Oprea called the national committee for special emergency situations, and asked representatives of the National Veterinary Authority ANSVSA to take measures to prevent or limit the disease spreading on a national level, according to a statement of the Ministry of Interior. The bluetongue disease doesn’t affect humans but causes economic losses through transmission to other animals, according to ANSVSA representatives. It is a non-contagious, insect-borne, viral disease, which affects ruminants. Major signs of the disease in sheep and cattle are high fever, excessive salivation, swelling of the face and tongue and cyanosis of the tongue., which gives it its typical blue appearance.

Previous Report:

Biological Hazard in Bulgaria on Monday, 18 August, 2014 at 03:13 (03:13 AM) UTC.

“Around 700 animals are dead, and there will be more, because of the bluetongue diseases. Around 2,000 – 3,000 animals are infected,” said Associate Professor Boyko Likov, Director of the Risk Assessment Centre with the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, speaking for Nova TV. In his words, the spreading of the disease is very high at the moment. “In other words, usually in the other countries such spreading covers 15 – 30 kilometres a week. Things in Bulgaria develop much faster, the disease has covered around 180 kilometres just in around three weeks,” the expert commented further.

Source: RSOE EDIS

Biological Hazard – Anthrax Outbreak: Bangladesh


Biological Health Hazard – Anthrax

Asia  –  Bangladesh Sirajganj Upzilla,  Ullahpara
Bio-hazard Level: 4/4 Hazardous
Location: N 24° 19.146, E 89° 33.708
Deaths: 0
Humans Infected: 43

Update: Thursday, 28 August, 2014 at 03:46 UTC

Forty-three people have been infected with anthrax, a bacterial disease that spreads from cattle, in five villages in Sirajganj and Tangail districts. On information, medical teams of the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) visited the villages Tuesday and found them infected with the disease following tests. The infected villagers have already been given drugs and there is nothing to worry, IEDCR Director Professor Mahmudur Rahman said yesterday, adding that the medical teams had collected samples from the patients for further tests. Among the 43 patients, 20 belong to Char Nandigati village under Ullapara upazila in Sirjaganj. A sick cow was slaughtered in the village few days ago, reports our Pabna correspondent. The other affected villagers are from Koijuri village under Shahzadpur upazila in the same district and Tangail’s Ambaria village under Madhupur upazila and Sandalpur village under Dhanbari upazila.

Biological Hazard in Bangladesh on Wednesday, 27 August, 2014 at 10:13 (10:13 AM) UTC.

Around 20 people are learnt to have been infected primarily with anthrax in Ullahpara upazila of Sirajganj, according to the local health complex. On information, a medical team from Ullapara Upazila Health Complex went to Charnandigati village this morning and primarily detected 20 persons infected with the anthax, Thana Health Officer Sukumar Sur Roy said. A sick cow was slaughtered at the house of one Abdur Rahman of the village on August 16. All the 20 people ate the meat and got infected with skin problems, Roy said quoting the villagers. Primarily, the disease has been diagnosed as anthrax, he added. The medical team has already informed the matter to the higher authorities and a specialised team from Dhaka is expected to visit the village immediately, he added.

Previous Report:

Biological Hazard in Bangladesh on Monday, 25 August, 2014 at 03:25 (03:25 AM) UTC.

At least nine people involved with the processing of a anthrax-tainted dead cow have been sickened with anthrax. The report states the individuals were diagnosed with anthrax at Ambaria village under Madhupur upazila of the district. Apparently the infected bull was purchased at a bazaar a year and a half ago and the animal got sick. The infected recognized feeling skin sores and sought medical treatment where doctors diagnosed anthrax. Cutaneous anthrax occurs when the spore (or possibly the bacterium) enters a cut or abrasion on the skin. It starts out as a raised bump that looks like an insect bite. It then develops into a blackened lesion called an eschar that may form a scab. Lymph glands in the area may swell plus edema may be present. This form of anthrax responds well to antibiotics. If untreated, deaths can occur if the infection goes systemic. 95% of cases of anthrax are cutaneous.

Source: RSOE EDIS

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