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Reventador volcano – Ecuador: Updates – April 2014

Natural Hazard – Volcano Activity: New Eruptive Phase

South-America – Ecuador  |  Quito Region,  Andes,  Reventador Volcano
Location: S 0° 4.680, W 77° 39.420
Elevation:  3,562 m (11,686 ft)

Reventador Volcano, Ecuador

Volcán El Reventador, Ecuador. 0.077° S, 77.656° W Stratovolcano 3,562 m (11,686 ft)

Volcano Activity on Thursday, 24 April, 2014 at 22:02 (22:02 PM) UTC.

A new phase of intense activity with possible lava fountains and new lava flows began at the volcano yesterday.
Over the past weeks, the volcano had been in a state of mild intermittent strombolian explosions, but experienced a rapid increase in activity yesterday after around 15:00 local time. Infrared webcam images (collected by Culture Volcan) suggest that a phase of lava fountaining or much stronger strombolian explosions took place. The apparent surge in lava emission also seems to have produced a new lava flow about 3-400 m long. This increase in activity is clearly visible in the corresponding seismic signal and likely continues at the moment.

Sources: Nouvelle crise au Reventador entre hier et aujourd’hui

Current seismic signal from Reventador (CONE station, IGPEN)

Sources: Volcano Discovery, Global Volcanism Program

April 2014 Activity:

Volcano Activity on Friday, 18 April, 2014 at 08:58 (08:58 AM) UTC.

The volcano continues to produce small to medium explosions with ash plumes rising up to 1.5 km. A MODIS hot spot indicates the presence of fresh lava at the summit, but there seems to be currently no lava flow.

9 April-15 April 2014

IG reported that activity at Reventador remained high on 9-15 April; numerous explosions were detected each day. Steam-and-ash plumes rose less than 1 km above the crater and drifted W during 9-10 April. Lava flows down the SW flank were reported on 9 and 11 April. Clouds obscured views during 12-15 April.

Activity continues at moderate levels with small intermittent explosions.

Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)

 2 April-8 April 2014

IG reported that cloud cover occasionally prevented visual observations of Reventador during 2-8 April; activity remained high. A steam-and-ash plume rose 3 km and drifted E on 2 April, and a thermal camera detected hot material on the flanks. Four lava flows on the S and SE flanks were observed on 3 April. Ash emissions were observed the next day. On 5 April sporadic ash emissions rose 1 km and drifted W. On 6 April water vapor emissions with low amounts of ash rose 500 m and drifted NW. During 7-8 April lava flows continued to descend the S and SE flanks. On 8 April vapor emissions with small amounts of ash were observed.

Activity remains high. The volcano produces frequent small ash explosions and lava extrudes in a new flow on the upper eastern flank.

Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)


New Eruptive Activity: Mount Merapi Volcano – Central Java, Indonesia

Natural Hazard – Volcanic Eruption

Indonesian Archipelago – Indonesia | Central Java,  Mount Merapi Volcano  
Location: S 7.542°, E 110.442°
Elevation 2,968 m  (9,735 ft)
Damage Level: unknown
Casualties: 0
Evacuees:  0

Mt. Merapi

Mt. Merapi | Central Java (Indonesia) | 7.542°S, 110.442°E | Elevation 2968 m

16 April-22 April 2014

PVMBG reported that Merapi observers at the Ngepos post noted white plumes rising 300 m above the lava dome on 15 April. Seismicity increased during 18-20 April. During 0426-0440 on 20 April an explosion occurred and rumbling was heard in areas as far as 8 km away. Ash plumes were observed from some observations posts, but foggy conditions prevented views from others. Based on satellite images and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that an ash plume rose to an altitude of 10.7 km (35,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 260 km WNW. PVMBG noted that ashfall was reported in areas within 15 km S, SW, and W. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 1-4).

Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM, Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Global Volcanism Program


Merapi, one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, lies in one of the world’s most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta. Merapi is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. Growth of Old Merapi volcano beginning during the Pleistocene ended with major edifice collapse perhaps about 2000 years ago, leaving a large arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Subsequently growth of the steep-sided Young Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent eruptive activity, began SW of the earlier collapse scarp. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the volcano’s western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities during historical time. The volcano is the object of extensive monitoring efforts by the Merapi Volcano Observatory.

One more totalitarian move, throwing out the jury system…

Justice was designed by men, not by Nature

The fundamental transformation: Jailing ranchers and productive citizens, freeing felonious criminals.

Older, stringent punishments that are out of line with sentences imposed under today’s laws erode people’s confidence in our criminal justice system, and I am confident that this initiative will go far to promote the most fundamental of American ideals – equal justice under law.” ~ Obama Mouthpiece

DOJ Pardon Atty. Quits as Obama Plans to Free Thousands of Drug Convicts

via Judicial Watch

As President Obama prepares to use his executive power to release thousands of felons (serving time under “racist” drug sentences) the Justice Department’s top official in charge of pardons quits rather than let criminals out of jail.

At least someone at the agency charged with enforcing the law and providing federal leadership in controlling crime, has some scruples. Of course, the official statement on the abrupt resignation of the Department of Justice (DOJ) Pardon Attorney, Ron Rodgers, is that he suddenly requested reassignment after heading the division for six years. One newswire story quotes a DOJ Deputy Attorney General saying that Rodgers’ departure is “in the tradition” of senior executive service attorneys who ask for reassignment.

The facts tell a different story. As head of the DOJ’s Pardons Office Rodgers clashed with the Obama administration over a controversial plan to release—or reduce the sentences of—convicted drug offenders. It’s part of the president’s effort to end racial discrimination in drug-related sentences. It started with the 2010 signing of a law (Fair Sentencing Act) that for the first time in decades relaxed drug-crime sentences he claims discriminate against minority offenders. The measure severely weakens a decades-old law enacted during the infamous crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged urban communities nationwide in the 1980s.

But the Fair Sentencing Act is not retroactive so the president launched a broad plan this month to help those sentenced under the older, stricter law which required mandatory prison for first-time offenders and a five-year sentence for trafficking offenses involving more than five grams of crack cocaine. This punished a disproportionate number of blacks, the administration says, compared to more affluent whites and Hispanics that enjoy lighter sentences for possessing the more expensive powder cocaine that most blacks can’t afford.

So this week Attorney General Eric Holder announced a new DOJ clemency initiative that’s expected to free thousands of prisoners serving time for crimes related to crack cocaine. The agency expects to get bombarded with petitions, Holder said in a video posted on the DOJ website, and will assign dozens of new attorneys to its pardon office, which is now headed by an Obama team player named Deborah Leff. The clemencies will “restore a degree of justice, fairness and proportionality,” Holder said, adding that the DOJ is “committed to recommending as many qualified applicants as possible for reduced sentences.”

More than 20,000 inmates “sentenced under the old regime” will likely qualify for clemency, according to Deputy Attorney General James Cole, who held a press conference this week to announce the initiative. “For our criminal justice system to be effective, it needs to not only be fair; but it also must be perceived as being fair,” Cole said. “Older, stringent punishments that are out of line with sentences imposed under today’s laws erode people’s confidence in our criminal justice system, and I am confident that this initiative will go far to promote the most fundamental of American ideals – equal justice under law.”

With that said, here’s an interesting tidbit related to this story. One of the federal lawmakers (California Congresswoman Maxine Waters) that for years pushed to reduce drug sentences over racial disparities accused the CIA of selling crack cocaine to blacks in her south central Los Angeles district to raise money to support clandestine operations in Latin America, including a guerrilla army. Waters and her buddy, Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee, were driving forces behind the Fair Sentencing Act and are undoubtedly celebrating the new clemency criteria.

Is America being run by drug cartels ?

Before this administration, the AG assigned attorneys to DOJ departments to prosecute crime; under the Obama regime it assigns dozens of new attorneys to its pardon office to give clemency to tens of thousands of convicted criminals.

As head of the DOJ’s Pardons Office Rodgers clashed with the Obama administration over a controversial plan to release — or reduce the sentences of — convicted drug offenders. It’s part of the president’s effort to end racial discrimination in drug-related sentences. It started with the 2010 signing of a law (Fair Sentencing Act) that for the first time in decades relaxed drug-crime sentences he claims discriminate against minority offenders. The measure severely weakens a decades-old law enacted during the infamous crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged urban communities nationwide in the 1980s. But the Fair Sentencing Act is not retroactive so the president launched a broad plan this month to help those sentenced under the older, stricter law…

Ignoring that  police powers are reserved to the States under the Constitution; since a jury convicted these people. What right does Holder have to throw out out jury system? “The clemencies will “restore a degree of justice, fairness and proportionality,” Holder said, adding that the DOJ is ‘committed to recommending as many qualified applicants as possible for reduced sentences.’ ”

Meanwhile, “Attorney General Eric Holder canceled his appearance before the Oklahoma City Police Department’s graduating cadet class Thursday amid angry protests over his scheduled visit. 

After 6 years in office Obama releases “the scum of society” ‘hoping” they return to their old haunts, thus overwhelming the system by adding more crimes/criminals, that will help to infect a new generation, and fundamentally “change” America as he promised. This will  soon to be followed by an increase in the welfare rolls, section 8 housing, and gangs making enough unsafe neighborhoods to justify his government controlled civilian army.

Regulated to death and then some…

Fewer doctors , fewer hospitals, no choices even if we have the money for services.  With these consequences of centralized Governmental bureaucratic control of Health Care we are supposed to expect better ?

Vast powers of new Obamacare agency

By Rick Moran via American Thinker

No doubt you’ve already heard of the new Independent Payment Advisory Board – Sarah Palin’s “Death Panel.” The sweeping, unaccountable powers of this agency threaten widespread rationing of Medicare dollars. Thankfully, due to incompetence and the administration being busy with other Obamacare chores, the 15 experts that will sit on the IPAB board haven’t even been nominated yet, so we are spared their tender ministrations for the time being.

But you’ve probably never heard of Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation – a wicked stepchild of Obamacare – that will have broad, sweeping powers to change Medicare without congressional approval.

Wall Street Journal:

The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation has flown below the political radar. That’s due to its seemingly innocuous mission: promoting new and more efficient “payment systems” and “models of care.” But this agency is just as dangerous as IPAB. It is a bureaucracy within the massive Department of Health and Human Services superstructure and therefore run by the president’s political appointees. But unlike most of the federal bureaucracy, the agency never has to go back to Congress to get an appropriation. ObamaCare provided it with $10 billion, upfront, to cover its costs for a full 10 years.

At the end of that first decade, and every decade thereafter, the agency will get another $10 billion appropriation. This massive infusion of funding has allowed the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation to grow from 68 employees in 2012 to a planned 440 full-time workers in 2015. About 10% of the agency’s funding is going to personnel and administrative expenses.

Permanent, recurring appropriations are sometimes provided to federal agencies fighting fraud and abuse. But Congress generally requires other agencies to request a new appropriation every year. It’s one important check against bureaucratic abuse of power. And it’s a check that this agency will never have to go through.

The statute also gives the Center wide-ranging authority to alter the Medicare and Medicaid programs without further congressional action. It is supposed to be testing new ways to pay providers of medical services. Changes that are found through pilot programs to reduce costs without harming quality, or found to be budget neutral while improving quality, can be implemented nationwide through regulatory fiat.

A billion dollars over 10 years for staffing this agency. All those people have to be given something to do. Just what is it they’re planning?

The agency’s broad mandate reveals the mind-set of ObamaCare’s authors. The premise is that the federal government is best positioned to lead an effort in innovation in medical delivery, despite all evidence to the contrary. The history of Medicare’s payment systems over four decades is one of politicized decision-making by regulators, protection of incumbent providers, and roadblocks to new medical technologies and new ways of doing business, such as using information technology to consult with patients, or employing non-physician clinics for routine patient care. It’s the opposite of an environment conducive to innovation. Consequently, inefficiency is rampant in Medicare’s traditional fee-for-service program.


Rather than build on this progress, ObamaCare cuts payments to Medicare Advantage plans by more than $150 billion over a decade—and relies instead on the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation to prop-up the more costly fee-for-service program with government-led innovation. What’s likely to transpire isn’t innovation but price controls on medical procedures to give fee-for-service a chance to compete against more efficient Medicare Advantage plans. The agency’s authority is broad enough to allow across-the-board cuts in payments to hospitals and physicians, and lower reimbursements for pharmaceuticals and related products as well, all in the name of innovation.

Once again, we see that Obamacare is not about improving quality or access, but rather control. The Medicare Advantage plans had to go because the government didn’t control them – even if they were working well and consumers were happy with them. What we’re likely to get with the CMMI is slash and burn management of Medicare – with the IPAB doling out services to all those “deserving” of treatment.

Most people aren’t bothered by these committies as they are innoculous , and quiet, and subtle.

Finding out more of what is in it?

40 U.S. veterans die while on Phoenix VA hospital’s cost-cutting secret wait list: report

The “sham list” was part of an elaborate scheme by top-level management to doctor patient wait times, CNN reports. Patients had to wait as long as 20 weeks to see primary care physicians despite some having life-threatening conditions, including Thomas Breen, a Navy vet who died of Stage 4 bladder cancer.

The effects of a reprobate mind – the basis for governmental tyranny

If this administration can use selective reasoning to legally kill anyone with a simple accusation of terrorism, then so-called “domestic terrorists” (that is anyone that supports the constitution as written) will soon become targets.  The issue being “…a targeted killing of a victim by someone in the executive branch without due process.” The constitution is quite clear about the government killing people.

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

However, we are now observing that those with reprobate minds, in no way comprehend this and provides a basis for governmental tyranny against it’s citizens.

A Legal Way To Kill?

Judge Andrew Napolitano via

When President Obama decided sometime during his first term that he wanted to be able to use unmanned aerial drones in foreign lands to kill people — including Americans — he instructed Attorney General Eric Holder to find a way to make it legal — despite the absolute prohibition on governmental extra-judicial killing in federal and state laws and in the Constitution itself.

“Judicial killing” connotes a lawful execution after an indictment, a jury trial, an appeal and all of the due process protections that the Constitution guarantees defendants. “Extra-judicial killing” is a targeted killing of a victim by someone in the executive branch without due process. The president wanted the latter, and he wanted it in secret.

He must have hoped his killing would never come to light, because the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution could not be more direct: “No person shall be … deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.”

Due process has a few prongs. The first is substantive, meaning the outcome must be fair. In a capital murder case, for example, the defendant must not only be found guilty by a jury, but he also must truly be guilty.

The second prong of due process is procedural. Thus, the defendant must be charged with a crime and tried before a neutral jury. He is entitled to a lawyer, to confront the witnesses against him and to remain silent. The trial must be presided over by a neutral judge, and in the case of a conviction, the defendant is entitled to an appeal before a panel of three neutral judges.

The third prong of due process means that the defendant is entitled to the procedures “of law,” that is, in the federal system, as Congress has enacted.

There are numerous additional aspects of due process, the basics of which emanate from the Constitution itself. Yet, the “of law” modifier of the constitutional phrase “due process” gives Congress, not the president, the ability to add to the due process tools available to a defendant. Congress may subtract what it has added, but neither Congress nor the president may remove any of the tools available to the defendant under the Constitution.

Until now.

Now, we have a president whose principal law enforcement and intelligence officers have boasted that the president relies on a legal way to kill people without the time, trouble and cost of due process. The president himself, as well as the attorney general, boasted of this, as did the director of national intelligence and the director of the CIA. Yet, when asked by reporters for The New York Times for this legal rationale, Holder declined to provide it. He argued that the legal rationale for the presidential use of extra-judicial killings was a state secret, and he dispatched Department of Justice (DoJ) lawyers to court, where they succeeded in persuading a federal judge in New York City to deny the Times’ application to order the government’s legal rationale revealed.

How can a legal rationale possibly be a state secret? The facts upon which it is based could be secret, but the laws are public, the judicial opinions interpreting those laws are public, and there are no secret non-public parts of the Constitution. Yet notwithstanding the above observations, the Times lost.

The judge who dismissed the case obviously was uncomfortable doing so. She wrote: “The Alice-in-Wonderland nature of this pronouncement is not lost on me; but after careful and extensive consideration, I find myself struck by a paradoxical situation in which I cannot solve a problem because of contradictory constraints and rules — a veritable Catch-22. I can find no way around the thicket of laws and precedents that effectively allow the Executive Branch of our Government to proclaim as perfectly lawful certain actions that seem on their face incompatible with our Constitution and laws, while keeping the reason for their conclusion a secret.”

Two weeks after Judge Colleen McMahon begrudgingly dismissed that case, the feds decided to gloat, and so they leaked a 16-page summary of their “secrets” to a reporter at NBC News. To the federal appeals court to which the Times appealed, that was the last straw. It is one thing, the appellate court ruled, for the president and his team to boast that they know how to kill legally by finding a secret “adequate substitute” for due process and keeping the secret a secret, but it’s quite another for them to reveal a summary of their secrets to their favorite reporters.

Thus, earlier this week, a three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit unanimously ordered the DoJ to reveal publicly its heretofore secret rationale for extra-judicial killing.

Welcome to the strange new world of Barack Obama’s war on terror, in which there are no declarations of war against countries that foment or harbor enemy activities, as the Constitution authorizes, and in which the president claims the powers of a king by killing whomever he wishes under a rationale that his lawyers wrote for him and that he has desperately tried to keep secret.

The Obama administration is probably right to fear the revelation of this so-called legal way to kill. The appellate court decision is a profound and sweeping rejection of the Obama administration’s passion for hiding behind a veil of secrecy. But it is not a decision on the merits: It does not address whether the president may kill, and it only lifts a small corner of his veil.

We already know that behind Obama’s veil lies a disingenuous president who claims he can secretly kill fellow Americans. Who knows what else we will find?

This type of power in the hands of the executive branch led by a corrupt narcissist is just as dangerous, if not more than Islamic terrorists and America’s other sworn enemies.

Radioactive contamination is safe, or something

And when our children’s children look us in the  eye and ask if we did all we could to leave them a safer, more stable world with new sources of energy, I want us to be able to say, ‘Yes, we did.’  ~ Barack Obama

Chernobyl no “Eden” after 28 years

via Beyond Nuclear

A newly published study has uncovered alarming indications of biological loss and ecological collapse in the area around the Chernobyl nuclear reactor that exploded in Ukraine on April 26, 1986.

Nuclear boosters have long claimed that the superficial appearance of teeming wildlife in the approximately 1,000 square mile Chernobyl exclusion zone indicates an Eden-like outcome. But the study observed a frightening halt to organic decay and the disappearance of important microbes that indicate the steady advance of a potential “silent spring.”

“The illusion that the absence of humanity can only benefit wildlife is trumped when humanity has inflicted man-made poisons on a fragile ecosystem whose inhabitants are now biologically compromised by radiation exposures that will continue indefinitely,” observed Linda Gunter, international specialist at Beyond Nuclear, of the study’s findings.

Highly reduced mass loss rates and increased litter layer in radioactively contaminated areas, published in Oecologia, March 4, 2014, by Mousseau (Dr. Tim Mousseau pictured), Milinevsky, Kenney‑Hunt and Møller, found that the natural cycle of decay of organic materials around Chernobyl is largely dependent on microbial communities which have been significantly reduced in these radioactively contaminated zones.

“We already know about plant and insect mutations and the shortened lifespans of birds in the zone, but this news is even more alarming,” said Paul Gunter, Director of Reactor Oversight at Beyond Nuclear. “The long-term consequences of the loss of this essential microbial community could be unprecedented ecologically, while the most immediate consequence is the build-up of undecayed leaf matter. This creates an increased risk of forest fires which could spread radioactivity to uncontaminated areas,” Gunter said.

Read the full press release

When our personal privacy belongs to someone else:

Facebook Knows Everything About You, And If You Don’t Believe Us Here’s Proof (video)


A marketing stunt for the upcoming Ubisoft game “Watch Dogs” is inadvertently allowing users to check how well they’ve set up their Facebook privacy settings.

The campaign called “Digital Shadow”, which currently is available only in the US, requests permission to access a user’s account and then pulls information to build a comprehensive dossier of the user as if he or she were an assassin’s target. And we do mean comprehensive.

Digital Shadow first shows users the photos they’ve tagged as public, then it moves on to examine their friends. It shows users which of their Facebook friends they interact with most, which interact with them the most, which they don’t interact with at all, and (gulp) which friends they’ve been stalking that haven’t been stalking them back. (Those who’ve been keeping tabs on their exes should avoid this section at all costs.)

Digital Shadow doesn’t stop there. It breaks down when users are most active on Facebook and where in the world they’re most likely to be found. It also provides a potential salary based on educational level and job title, as well as a breakdown of possible passwords that could be used to hack their accounts.

It even creates a sort of character profile based on their activity. (It labeled me as a potentially hostile enemy, and it called AdWeek writer Kristina Monllos one who possesses “a bleak outlook that could be manipulated for future gain.”)

But this marketing campaign is only as effective as users’ privacy settings are ineffective. I, for example, don’t have many settings turned on because I prefer to monitor my profile myself. That’s why my Digital Shadow profile was full of information on me, but others, like Yahoo’s Rob Walker, had a more sparse profile because of stricter privacy settings.

While undoubtedly a clever marketing ploy for a game that allows you to “hack into anyone’s life,” the Digital Shadow tool is fascinating for anyone posting information to Facebook. And it may very well encourage users to take their online privacy settings a little more seriously.

“Watch Dogs” will be released for PC, Wii U, Xbox One, Xbox 360, Playstation 3 and Playstation 4 on May 27.

Head over to the Digital Shadow tool to see your own horrifyingly detailed breakdown, then update your privacy settings ASAP.


Digital connectivity surpasses the personal one


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