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More Extra-Terrestrial Exposure – “I’m not saying they’re Aliens, but …”


Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Image:


On October 5, 1982, Dr. Brain T. Clifford of the Pentagon announced at a press conference (“The Star”, New York, Oct. 5, 1982) that contact between U.S. citizens and extra-terrestrials or their vehicles is strictly illegal.


(Title 14, Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations, adopted on July 16, 1969, before the Apollo moon shots), anyone guilty of such contact automatically becomes a wanted criminal to be jailed for one year and fined $5,000. The NASA administrator is empowered to determine with or without a hearing that a person or object has been “extraterrestrially exposed” and impose an indeterminate quarantine under armed guard, which could not be broken even by court order.

There is no limit placed on the number of individuals who could thus be arbitrarily quarantined.

The definition of “extraterrestrial exposure” is left entirely up to NASA administrator, who is thus endowed with total dictatorial power to be exercised at his slightest caprice, which is completely contrary to the Constitution.

According to Dr. Clifford, whose commanding officers have been assuring the public for the last 39 years that UFO’s are nothing more than hoaxes and delusions to be dismissed with a condescending smile: “This is really no joke, it’s a very serious matter.” This legislation was buried in the 1,211th subsection of the 14th section of a batch of regulations very few members of government probably bothered to read in its entirety, the proverbial needle in the haystack, and was slipped onto the books without public debate.

Thus from one day to the next we learn that, without having informed the public, in its infinite wisdom, the government of the United States has created a whole new criminal class: UFO contactees.

The lame excuse offered by NASA as a sugar coating for this bitter pill is that extra-terrestrials might have a virus that could wipe out the human race. This is certainly one of the many possibilities inherent is such contact, but just as certainly not the only one , and in itself not a valid reason to make all contact illegal or to declare contactees criminals to be jailed and fined immediately.

It appears the primary effect of such a law would not be to prevent contact, it would be to silence witnesses. If enforced, the law would prevent publication of contactee reports except under cover of anonymity, and unleash a modern inquisition in the Land of the Free. However, it is unenforceable, so obviously absurd and unfair that the public will refuse to accept it. The citizens of the United States will greet it with a resounding Bronx cheer and laugh it out of court, forcing it to be repealed.

It should be replaced by clearly worded legislation, not open to interpretation in a multitude of different ways, humanely relevant to the contingency of E.T. contact, debated and passed by Congress openly instead of slipped through “under the table” without the public being informed.

According to NASA spokesman Fletcher Reel, the law as it stands is not immediately applicable, but in case of need could quickly be made applicable. What this means is that it is ambiguously worded, so that it can be interpreted either one way or the other, as the government desires.

It is certainly not a coincidence that Dr. Clifford held his press conference during the period when the popularity of the film E.T. was at its peak. As E.T. portrayed a type of extraterrestrial that was benevolent and lovable, the inference is that the press conference was intended to discourage attempts to communicate or fraternize with UFO occupants. However, instead of having the intended effect, it backfired, causing public furor. There may be some relationship between this fiasco and the next semi-officially endorsed attempt to deal with the subject of extra-terrestrials, the TV film V, which was featured with repeat performances and maximum publicity by major networks worldwide. The aliens portrayed in V are the most horrifying and repulsive nightmares imaginable, who are defeated thanks largely to a CIA hit man specializing in covert operations, the tough guy with the heart of gold who with the aid of the handsome hero saves the human race. This is obvious and transparent propaganda, designed to do what the government’s widespread use of dis information, and Dr. Clifford’s press conference about the absurd lemon of a law already on the books failed to do: squelch attempts to communicate or fraternize with UFO occupants.

One way to avoid widespread panic at the announcement of the news that we are under surveillance by nonhuman intelligent beings with a technology far more sophisticated than our own is to point out that this situation is nothing new, but has literally been going on for millennia.

If the “flying dragons” mentioned in the I Ching intended to attack and destroy us, they could easily have carried out this objective long ago. Along with this article, the text of the E.T. Law will be presented. However, there are several points that I wish to make:

1211.101 Applicability. The provisions of this part apply to all NASA manned and unmanned space missions…

I could dismiss this whole controversy as a tempest in a teacup if the above passage contained the word “only”, so as to read: “The provisions of this part apply only to all NASA manned and unmanned space missions…” However, it does not contain that one little word which would have made such a big difference. If the government was suddenly faced with the accomplished fact of an undeniable overt E.T. visitation, this regulation could therefore, be construed as being applicable to all space missions, NASA or non NASA, whether of terrestrial or extra-terrestrial origin. As it stands, this law is applicable to UFO contact. The meaning would have to be stretched, but the built-in loophole does exist.

1211.102 Definitions. (b) (2): Touched directly or been in close proximity to (or been exposed indirectly to )…

Even without involved in a UFO close encounter would become eligible for indefinite quarantine under armed guard according to the above. By including indirect exposure, the NASA administrator is empowered to make the definition mean just about anything he wants it to. An example of indirect exposure is given, but an example is not a definition. Unless indirect exposure is defined precisely, it can mean almost anything. The possibility is not specifically ruled out that other types of indirect exposure than the example given might be considered valid grounds to “quarantine” a citizen or group of citizens.

In my opinion, it is vital that we challenge the validity of his law, for if it is allowed to stand unchallenged, UFO contactees and researchers may all meet behind barbed wire and armed guards somewhere in Alaska. I strongly urge everyone who reads the E.T. Law, Title 14, Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations (at the end of this article), to clip it out, and send it on to your congressman, with a demand penciled in, to repeal this absurd and potentially lethal law. We must use reason, and transcend fear in order to make this planet a place where all may live in peace and harmony, as One.

Text of the E.T. Law

1211.100 Title 14 – Aeronautics and Space
Part 1211 – Extra-terrestrial Exposure
1211.100 – Scope

This part establishes: (a) NASA policy, responsibility and authority
to guard the Earth against any harmful contamination or adverse
changes in its environment resulting from personnel, spacecraft and
other property returning to the Earth after landing on or coming
within the atmospheric envelope of a celestial body; and (b) security
requirements, restrictions and safeguards that are necessary in the
interest of national security.


The provisions of this part to all NASA manned and unmanned space
missions which land or come within the atmospheric envelope of a
celestial body and return to the Earth.

1211.102 – DEFINITIONS

(a) “NASA” and the “Administrator” mean, respectively the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration and the administrator of the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration or his authorized

(b) “Extra-terrestrially exposed” means the state of condition of any
person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever, who
or which has:

(1) Touched directly or come within the atmospheric envelope or any
other celestial body; or

(2) Touched directly or been in close proximity to (or been exposed
indirectly to ) any person, property, animal or other form of life or
matter who or which has been extra-terrestrially exposed by virtue of
paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

For example, if person or thing “A” touches the surface of the Moon,
and on “A’s” return to Earth, “B” touches “A” and, subsequently, “C”
touches “B”, all of these – “A” through “C” inclusive – would be
extra-terrestrially exposed (“A” and “B” directly; “C” indirectly).

(c) “Quarantine” means the detention, examination and decontamination
of any persons, property, animal or other form of life or matter
whatever that is extra-terrestrially exposed, and includes the
apprehension or seizure of such person, property, animal or other form
of life or matter whatever.

(d) “Quarantine period” means a period of consecutive calendar days as
may be established in accordance with 1211.104 (a).

(a) Administrative actions. The Administrator or his designee..shall
in his discretion:

(1) Determine the beginning and duration of a quarantine period with
respect to any space mission; the quarantine period as it applies to
various life forms will be announced.

(2) Designate in writing quarantine officers to exercise quarantine

(3) Determine that a particular person, property, animal, or other
form of life or matter whatever is extra- terrestrially exposed and
quarantine such person, property, animal, or other form of life or
matter whatever. The quarantine may be based only on a determination,
with or without the benefit of a hearing, that there is probable cause
to believe that such person, property, animal or other form of life or
matter whatever is extra- terrestrially exposed.

(4) Determine within the United States or within vessels or vehicles
of the United States the place, boundaries, and rules of operation of
necessary quarantine stations.

(5) Provide for guard services by contract or otherwise, as many be
necessary, to maintain security and inviolability of quarantine
stations and quarantined persons, property, animals or other form of
life or matter whatever.

(6) Provide for the subsistence, health and welfare of persons
quarantined under the provisions of this part.

(7) Hold such hearings at such times, in such manner and for such
purposes as may be desirable or necessary under this part, including
hearings for the purpose of creating a record for use in making any
determination under this part for the purpose of reviewing any such

(b) (3) During any period of announced quarantine, no person shall
enter or depart from the limits of the quarantine station without
permission of the cognizant NASA officer. During such period, the
posted perimeter of a quarantine station shall be secured by armed

(b) (4) Any person who enters the limits of any quarantine station
during the quarantine period shall be deemed to have consented to the
quarantine of his person if it is determined that he is or has become
extra-terrestrially exposed.

(b) (5) At the earliest practicable time, each person who is
quarantined by NASA shall be given a reasonable opportunity to
communicate by telephone with legal counsel or other persons of his


(a) NASA officers and employees are prohibited from discharging from
the limits of a quarantine station any quarantined person, property,
animal or other form of life or matter whatever during order or other
request, order or demand an announced quarantine period in compliance
with a subpoena, show cause or any court or other authority without
the prior approval of the General Counsel and the Administrator.

(b) Where approval to discharge a quarantined person, property, animal
or other form of life or matter whatever in compliance with such a
request, order or demand of any court or other authority is not given,
the person to whom it is directed shall, if possible, appear in court
or before the other authority and respectfully state his inability to
comply, relying for his action on this 1211.107.


Whoever willfully violates, attempts to violate, or conspires to
violate any provision of this part or any regulation or order issued
under this part or who enters or departs from the limits of a
quarantine station in disregard of the quarantine rules or regulations
or without permission of the NASA quarantine officer shall be fined
not more that $5,000 or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.

Write or call your congressman and tell him you want this law taken off the books.
This article was printed in The Open Line Newspaper (Environmental Stewards) August, 1992 in Spokane, WA 99223.
— .
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Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law Already Passed by Congress (edited)
Accessed 16 January 2019


UFO Phenomenon: If it weren’t for those pesky Extraterrestrial Biological Entities … They are Aliens aren’t They?


Things to beware of in 1997: Chernobyl. (And not just the one which already blew.)


Message #799 – INFO.PARANET
Date : 25-Jan-91 14:00
From : Michael Corbin
To : All
Subject : EBE #1

Recently, Jerry Clark published the first of three volumes titled “UFOs in the 1980s,” an invaluable research tool containing a host of information on the who, where and what of UFOlogy. With his kind permission and the kind permission of Apogee Publishing Company, we are reprinting an article taken from that book — Extraterrestrial Biological Entity. In this article, Jerry culls all of the past history and controversy surrounding the MJ-12 controversy and other related material that has spewed forth from the extreme side of UFOlogy representing the ETH such as Lear, Cooper and others. Although this might be considered by some to be “old news,” Jerry’s chronology of events shed a different light on the players that have made up this compendium of scenarios — aliens eating humans, genetic experimentation and the gamut of sensationalistic information that drove Paul Bennewitz to an NBD at the kind hands of admitted disinformant, William L. Moore.

This article is being presented here in its entirety contained in 18 messages including this one. The entire body of these messages are copyrighted (C) 1990 by Apogee Books with license to ParaNet(sm) Information Service for reproduction on this forum. No further reposting or copying is allowed without express written permission of the publisher.

This file was provided by ParaNet(sm) Information Service and its network of international affiliates. ParaNet has received exclusive permission to reprint this article by the copyright holder.
For further information on ParaNet(sm), contact: Michael Corbin ParaNet Information Service
P.O. Box 928 Wheatridge, CO 80034-0928
UFOs in the 1980s
(C) 1990 by Apogee Books and Jerome Clark Pages 85 – 109


Perhaps the strangest and most convoluted UFO story of the 1980s concerns allegations from various sources, some of them individuals connected with military and intelligence agencies, that the U.S. government not only has communicated with but has an ongoing relationship with what are known officially as “extraterrestrial biological entities,” or EBEs.

The Emenegger/Sandler Saga:

The story begins in 1973, when Robert Emenegger and Alan Sandler, two well-connected Los Angeles businessmen, were invited to Norton Air Force Base in California to discuss a possible documentary film on advanced research projects. Two military officials, one the base’s head of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations, the other, the audio- visual director Paul Shartle, discussed a number of projects. One of them involved UFOs. This one sounded the most interesting and plans were launched to go ahead with a film on the subject.

Emenegger and Sandler were told of a film taken at Holloman AFB, New Mexico, in May 1971. In October 1988, in a national television broadcast, Shartle would declare that he had seen the 16mm film showing “three disc-shaped craft. One of the craft landed and two of them went away.” A door opened on the landed vehicle and three beings emerged. Shartle said, “They were human-size. They had an odd, gray complexion and a pronounced nose. They wore tightfitting jump suits, [and] thin headdresses that appeared to be communication devices, and in their hands they held a ‘translator.’ A Holloman base commander and other Air Force officers went out to meet them” (Howe, 1989).

Emenegger was led to believe he would be given the film for use in his documentary. He was even taken to Norton and shown the landing site and the building in which the spaceship had been stored and others (Buildings 383 and 1382) in which meetings between Air Force personnel and the aliens had been conducted over the next several days. According to his sources, the landing had taken place at 6 a.m. The extraterrestrials were “doctors, professional types.” Their eyes had vertical slits like a cat’s and their mouths were thin and slitlike, with no chins.” All that Emenegger was told of what occurred in the meetings was a single stray “fact”: that the military people said they were monitoring signals from an alien group with which they were unfamiliar, and did their ET guests know anything about them? The ETs said no.

Emenegger’s military sources said he would be given 3200 feet of film taken of the landing. At the last minute, however, permission was withdrawn, although Emenegger and Sandler were encouraged to describe the Holloman episode as something hypothetical, something that could happen or might happen in the future. Emenegger went to Wright Patterson AFB, where Project Blue Book had been located until its closing in 1969, to ask Col. George Weinbrenner one of his military contacts, what had happened. According to Emenegger’s account, the exchange took place in Weinbrenner’s office. The colonel stood up, walked to a chalkboard and complained in a loud voice, “That damn MIG 25! Here we’re so public with everything we have. But the Soviets have all kinds of things we don’t know about. We need to know more about the MIG 25!” Moving to a bookshelf and continuing his monologue about the Russian jet fighter, he handed Emenegger a copy of J. Allen Hynek’s The UFO Experience (1972), with the author’s signature and dedication to Weinbrenner. “It was like a scene from a Kafka play,” Emenegger would recall , inferring from the colonel’s odd behavior that he was confirming the reality of the film while making sure that no one overhearing the conversation realized that was what he was doing.

The Suffern Story:

On October 7, 1975, a 27-year old carpenter, Robert Suffern, of Bracebridge, Ontario, got a call from his sister who had seen a “fiery glow” near his barn and concluded it was on fire. Suffern drove to the spot and, after determining that there was no problem, got back on the road. There, he would testify, he encountered a large disc-shaped object resting in his path. “I was scared,” he said. “It was right there in front of me with no lights and no sign of life.” But even before his car could come to a complete stop, the object abruptly ascended out of sight. Suffern turned his car around and decided to head home rather than to his sister’s place, his original intended destination. At that point a small figure wearing a
helmet and a silver-gray suit stepped in front of the car, causing Suffern to hit the brakes and skid to a stop. The figure ran into a field. Then, according to Suffern, “when he got to the fence, he put his hands on a postand went over it with no effort at all. It was like he was weightless” (UFOIL, n.d.).

Within two days Suffern’s report was on the wire services, and Suffern was besieged by UFO investigators, journalists, curiosity-seekers, and others. Suffern, who made no effort to exploit his story and gave every appearance of believing what he was saying, soon tired of discussing it. A year later, however, Suffern and his wife told a Canadian investigator that a month after the encounter, they were informed that some high-ranking officials wished to speak with them. Around this time, so they claimed, they were given thorough examinations by military doctors. After that an
appointment was set up for December 12 and on that day an Ontario Provincial Police cruiser arrived with three military officers, one Canadian, two American. They were carrying books and other documents. In the long conversation that followed, the officers apologized for the UFO landing, claiming it was a “mistake” caused by the malfunctioning of an extraterrestrial spaceship.

The officers produced close-up pictures of UFOs, claiming that the U.S. and Canadian governments had had intimate knowledge of aliens since 1943 and were cooperating with them. The officers even knew the exact dates and times of two previous but unreported UFO sightings on the Suffern property. The Sufferns said the officers had answered all their questions fully and frankly, but they would not elaborate on what they were told. Reinterviewed about the matter some months later, the couple stuck by their story but added few further details.

The investigator, Harry Tokarz, would remark, “Robert Suffern strikes one as an individual who carefully measures his thoughts. His sincerity comes through clearly as he slowly relates his concepts and ideas. His wife, a home-bred country girl, is quick to air her views and state unequivocally what she believes to be fact” (CUFORN, 1983).

EBEs in South Dakota:

On February 9, 1978, a curious document–an apparent carbon copy of an official U.S. Air Force incident report-arrived at the office of the National Enquirer in Lantana, Florida. Accompanying the document was an unsigned letter dated “29 Jan.” It read: “The incident stated in the attached report actually occurred. The Air Force appointed a special team of individuals to investigate the incident. I was one of those individuals. I am still on active duty and so I cannot state my name at this time. It is not that I do not trust the Enquirer (I sure [sic] you would treat my name with [sic] confidence but I do not trust others.) The incident which occurred on 16 Nov. 77, was classified top secret on 2 Dec 77. At that time I obtained a copy of the original report. I thought at that time that the Air Force would probably hush the whole thing up, and they did. The Air Force ordered the silence on 1 Dec 77, after which, the report was classified. There were 16 pictures taken at the scene. I do not have access to the pictures at this time” (Pratt, 1984).

The report, stamped FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, purported to be from the commander of the 44th Missile Security Squadron at Ellsworth AFB near Rapid City, South Dakota. The incident was described as a “Helping Hand (security violation)/Covered Wagon (security violation) at Lima 9 (68th SMSq Area), 7 miles SW of Nisland, SD, at 2100 hours on 16 Nov. 77.” The recipient of the report was identified as “Paul D. Hinzman, SSgt, USAF, Comm/Plotter, Wing Security Control.” Two security men, Airmen 1st Class Kenneth Jenkins and Wayne E. Raeke, experienced and reported the incident, which was investigated by Capt. Larry D. Stokes and TSgt. Robert E. Stewart.

The document told an incredible story. At 10:59 on the evening of November 16 an alarm sounded from the Lima Nine missile site. Jenkins and Raeke, at tHe Lima Launch Control Facility 35 miles away, were dispatched to the scene. On their arrival Raeke set out to check the rear fence line. There he spotted a helmeted figure in a glowing green metallic suit. The figure pointed a weapon at Raeke’s rifle and caused it to disintegrate, burning Raeke’s hands and arms in the process. Raeke summoned Jenkins, who carried his companion back to their Security Alert Team vehicle. When Jenkins went to the rear fence line, he saw two similarly-garbed figures. He ordered them to halt, but when they ignored his command, he opened fire. His bullets struck one in the shoulder and the other in the helmet. The figures ran over a hill and were briefly lost to view. Jenkins pursued them and when he next saw them, they were entering a 20-foot-in diameter saucer-shaped object, which shot away over the Horizon.

As Raeke was air-evacuated from the scene, investigators discovered that the missile’s nuclear components had been stolen.

Enquirer reporters suspected a hoax but when they called Rapid City and Ellsworth to check on the names, they were surprised to learn that such persons did exist. Moreover, all were on active duty. The Enquirer launched an investigation, sending several reporters to Rapid City. Over the course of the next few days they found that although the individuals were real, the document inaccurately listed their job titles, the geography of the alleged incident was wrong (there was no nearby hill over which intruders could have run), Raeke had suffered no injuries, he and Jenkins did not even know each other, and no one (including Rapid City civilian residents and area ranchers) had heard anything about such an encounter. As one of the reporters, Bob Pratt, wrote in a subsequent account, “We found more than 20 discrepancies or errors in the report -wrong names, numbers, occupations, physical layouts and so on. Had the Security Option alert mentioned in the report taken place, it would have involved all security personnel at the base and everyone at the base and in Rapid City (Population 45,000 plus) would have known about it.”

The Bennewitz Affair:

In the late 1970s Paul Bennewitz, an Albuquerque businessman trained as a physicist, became convinced that he was monitoring electromagnetic signals which extraterrestrials were using to control persons they had abducted. Bennewitz tried to decode these signals and believed he was succeeding. At the same time he began to see what he thought were UFOs maneuvering around the Manzano Nuclear Weapons Storage Facility and the Coyote Canyon test area, located near Kirtland AFB, and he filmed them.

Bennewitz reported all this to the Tucson-based Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO), whose directors were unimpressed, judging Bennewitz to be deluded. But at Kirtland, Bennewitz’s claims, or at least some of them, were being taken more seriously. On October 24, 1980, Bennewitz contacted Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) agent Sgt. Richard Doty (whose previous tour of duty had been at Ellsworth) after being referred to him by Maj. Ernest Edwards, head of base security, and related that he had evidence that something potentially threatening was going on in the Manzano Weapons Storage Area. A “Multipurpose Internal OSI Form,” signed by Maj. Thomas A. Cseh (Commander of the Base Investigative Detachment), dated October 28, 1980, and subsequently released under the
Freedom of Information Act, states:

“On 26 Oct 80, SA [Special Agent] Doty, with the assistance of JERRY MILLER, GS-15, Chief, Scientific Advisor for Air Force Test and Evaluation Center, KAFB , interviewed Dr. BENNEWITZ at his home in the Four Hills section of Albuquerque, which is adjacent to the northern boundary of Manzano Base. (NOTE: MILLER is a former Project Blue Book USAF Investigator who was assigned to Wright-Patterson AFB (W-PAFB), OH, with FTD [Foreign Technology Division]. Mr. MILLER is one of the most knowledgeable and impartial investigators of Aerial Objects in the southwest.) Dr. BENNEWITZ has been conducting independent research into Aerial Phenomena for the last 15 months. Dr. BENNEWITZ also produced several electronic recording tapes, allegedly showing high periods of electrical magnetism being emitted from Manzano/Coyote Canyon area. Dr. BENNEWITZ also produced several photographs of flying objects taken over the general Albuquerque area. He has several pieces of electronic surveillance equipment pointed at Manzano and is attempting to record high frequency electrical beam pulses. Dr. BENNEWITZ claims these Aerial Objects produce these pulses. . . . After analyzing the data collected by Dr. BENNEWITZ, Mr MILLER related the evidence clearly shows that some type of unidentified aerial objects were caught on film; however, no conclusions could be made whether these objects pose a threat to Manzano/Coyote Canyon areas. Mr MILLER felt the electronical [sic] recording tapes were inconclusive and could have been gathered from several conventional sources. No sightings, other than these, have been reported in the area.”

On November 10 Bennewitz was invited to the base to present his findings to a small group of officers and scientists. Exactly one week later Doty informed Bennewitz that AFOSI had decided against further consideration of the matter. Subsequently Doty reported receiving a call from then-New Mexico Sen. Harrison Schmitt, who wanted to know what AFOSI was planning to do about Bennewitz’s allegations. When informed that no investigation was planned, Schmitt spoke with Brig. Gen. William Brooksher of base security. The following July New Mexico’s other senator, Pete Domenici, looked into the matter, meeting briefly with Doty before dashing off to talk with Bennewitz personally. Domenici subsequently lost interest and dropped the issue.

Bennewitz was also aware of supposed cattle mutilations being reported in the western United States. At one point he met a young mother who told him that one evening in May 1980, after she and her six-year-old son saw several UFOs in a field and one approached them, they suffered confusion and disorientation, then a period of amnesia which lasted as long as four hours. Bennewitz brought the two to University of Wyoming psychologist R. Leo Sprinkle, who hypnotized them and got a detailed abduction story from the mother and a sketchy one from the little boy. Early in the course of the abduction they observed aliens take a calf aboard the UFO and mutilate it while it was still alive, removing the animal’s genitals. At one point during the alleged experience, the mother said, they were taken via UFO into an underground area which she believed was in New Mexico. She briefly escaped her captors and fled into an area where there were tanks of water. She looked into one of them and saw body parts such as tongues, hearts and internal organs, apparently from cattle. But she also observed a human arm with a hand attached. There was also the “top of a bald head,” apparently from one of the hairless aliens, but before she could find out for sure, she was dragged away. The objects in the tank, she said, “horrified me and made me sick and frightened me to death” (Howe, 1989). Later she wondered about the other tanks and about their contents.

The William Moore/MJ-12 Maze:

Late in the summer of 1979 William L. Moore had left a teaching job in a small Minnesota town to relocate in Arizona, where he hoped to pursue a writing career. Moore was deeply involved in the investigation of an apparent UFO crash in New Mexico in July 1947, a case he and Charles Berlitz would recount in their The Roswell Incident the following year. After his move to the Southwest Moore became close to Coral and James Lorenzen of the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) and in due course Moore was asked to join the APRO board. The Lorenzens told him about Bennewitz’s claims. Bennewitz, Jim Lorenzen thought, was “prone to make great leaps of logic on the basis of incomplete data” (Moore, 1989a).

The Roswell Incident was published in the summer of 1980 and in September a debate on UFOs at the Smithsonian Institution was scheduled to take place. Moore set off from his Arizona home to Washington, D.C., to attend the debate and along the way promoted his new book on radio and television shows. According to an account he would give seven years later, an extraordinary series of events began while he was on this trip.

He had done a radio show in Omaha and was in the station lobby, suitcase in hand, on his way to catch a plane which was to leave within the hour when a receptionist asked if he was Mr. Moore. He had a phone call. The caller was a man who claimed to be a colonel at nearby Offutt AFB, He said, “We think you’re the only one we’ve heard who seems to know what he’s talking about.” He asked if he and Moore could meet and discuss matters further. Moore said that since he was leaving town in the next few minutes, that would not be possible, though he wrote down the man’s phone number.

Moore went on to Washington. On September 8, on his way back, he did a radio show in Albuquerque. On the way out of the studio the receptionist told him he had a phone call. The caller, who identified himself as an individual from nearby Kirtland AFB, said, “We think you’re the only one we’ve heard about who seems to know what he’s talking about.” Moore said, “Where have I heard that before?”

Soon afterwards Moore and the individual he would call “Falcon” met at a local restaurant. Falcon, later alleged (though denied by Moore) to be U.S. Air Force Sgt. Richard Doty, said he would be wearing a red tie. This first meeting would initiate a long- running relationship between Moore (and, beginning in 1982, partner Jaime Shandera) and 10 members of a shadowy group said to be connected with military intelligence and to be opposed to the continuation of the UFO cover-up. The story that emerged from this interaction goes like this:

The first UFO crash, involving bodies of small, gray-skinned humanoids, occurred near Corona, New Mexico, in 1947 (the “Roswell incident”). Two years later a humanoid was found alive and it was housed at Los Alamos until its death in the early 1950s. It was called EBE, after “extraterrestrial biological entity,” and it was the first of three the U.S. government would have in its custody between then and now. An Air Force captain, now a retired colonel, was EBE-1’s constant companion. At first communication with it was almost impossible; then a speech device which enabled the being to speak a sort of English was implanted in its throat. It turned out that EBE-1, the equivalent of a mechanic on a spaceship, related what it knew of the nature and purpose of the visitation.

In response to the Roswell incident, MJ-12-the MJ stands for “Majestic”–as set up by executive order of President Harry Truman onSeptember 24, 1947. MJ-12 operates as a policy-making body. Project Aquarius is an umbrella group in which all the various compartments dealing with ET-related issues perform their various functions. Project Sigma conducts electronic communication with the extraterrestrials, part of an ongoing contact project run through the National Security Agency since 1964, following a landing at Holloman AFB in late April of that year.

Nine extraterrestrial races are visiting the earth. One of these races, little gray-skinned people from the third planet surrounding Zeta Reticuli, have been here for 25,000 years and influenced the direction of human evolution. They also help in the shaping of our religious beliefs. Some important individuals within the cover-up want it to end and are preparing the American people for the reality of the alien presence through the vehicle of popular entertainment, including the films Close Encounters of the Third Kind, whose climax is a thinly-disguised version of the Holloman landing, and ET.

At CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, there is a thick book called “The Bible,” a compilation of all the various project reports.

According to his own account, which he would not relate until 1989, Moore cooperated with his AFOSI sources-including, prominently, Richard Doty-and provided them with information. They informed him that there was considerable interest in Bennewitz. Moore was made to understand that as his part of the bargain he was to spy on Bennewitz and also on APRO as well as, in Moore’s words, “to a lesser extent, several other individuals” (Moore, 1989a). He learned that several government agencies were interested in Bennewitz’s activities and they wanted to inundate him with false information-disinformation, in intelligence parlance-to confuse him. Moore says he was not one of those providing the disinformation, but he knew some of those of who were, such as Doty.

Bennewitz on his own had already begun to devise a paranoid interpretation of what he thought he was seeing and hearing, and the disinformation passed on to him built on that foundation. His sources told him that the U.S. government and malevolent aliens are in an uneasy alliance to control the planet, that the aliens are killing and mutilating not only cattle but human beings, whose organs they need to lengthen their lives, and that they are even eating human flesh. In underground bases at government installations in Nevada and New Mexico human and alien scientists work together on ghastly experiments, including the creation of soulless androids out of human and animal body parts. Aliens are abducting as many as one American in 40 and implanting devices which control human behavior. ClA brainwashing and other control techniques are doing the same, turning life on earth into a nightmare of violence and irrationality. It was, as Moore remarks, “the wildest science fiction scenario anyone could possibly imagine.”

But Bennewitz believed it. He grew ever more obsessed and tried to alert prominent persons to the imminent threat, showing photographs which he held showed human-alien activity in the Kirtland area but which dispassionate observers thought depicted natural rock formations and other mundane phenomena. Eventually Bennewitz was hospitalized, but on his release resumed his activities, which continue to this day. Soon the ghoulish scenario would spread into the larger UFO community and beyond and command a small but committed band of believers. But that would not happen until the late 1980s and it would not be Bennewitz who would be responsible for it.

In 1981 the Lorenzens received an anonymous letter from someone identifying himself as a “USAF Airman assigned to the 1550th Aircrew Training and Testing Wing at Kirtland AFB.” The “airman” said, “On July 16, 1980, at between 10:30-10:45 A.M., Craig R. Weitzel. .. a Civil Air Patrol Cadet from Dobbins AFB, Ga., visiting Kirtland AFB, NM, observed a dull metallic colored UFO flying from South to North near Pecos New Mexico. Pecos has a secret training site for the 1550th Aircrew Training and Testing Wing, Kirtland AFB, NM. WEITZEL was with ten other individuals, including USAF active duty airmen, and all witnessed the sighting. WEITZEL took some pictures of the object. WEITZEL went closer to the UFO and observed theUFO land in a clearing approximately 250 yds, NNW of the training area. WEITZEL observed an individual dressed in a metallic suit depart the craft and walk a few feet away. The individual was outside the craft for just a few minutes. When the individual returned the craft took off towards the NW.” The letter writer said he had been with Weitzel when the UFO flew overhead, but he had not been with him to observe the landing.

The letter went on to say that late on the evening of the next day a tall, dark-featured, black-suited man wearing sunglasses called on Weitzel at Kirtland. The stranger claimed to be “Mr. Huck” from Sandia Laboratories, a classified Department of Energy contractor on the base. Mr. Huck told Weitzel he had seen something he should not have seen, a secret aircraft from Los Alamos, and he demanded all of the photographs. Weitzel replied that he hadn’t taken any, that the photographer was an airman whose name he did not know. “The individual warned Weitzel not to mention the sighting to anyone or Weitzel would be in serious trouble,” the writer went on. “After the individual left Weitzel[‘]s room, Weitzel wondered how the individual knew of the sighting because Weitzel didn’t report the sighting to anyone. Weitzel became scared after thinking of the threat the individual made. Weitzel call [sic] the Kirtland AFB Security Police and reported the incident to them. They referred the incident to the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI), which investigates these matters according to the security police. A Mr. Dody [sic], a special agent with OSI, spoke with Weitzel and took a report. Mr. Dody [sic] also obtained all the photographs of the UFO. Dody [sic] told Weitzel he would look into the matter. That was the last anyone heard of the incident.”

But that was not all the correspondent had to say. He added, “I have every reason to beleive [sic] the USAF is covering up something. I spent a lot of time looking into this matter and I know there is more to it than the USAF will say. I have heard rumors, but serious rumors here at Kirtland that the USAF has a crashed UFO stored in the Manzano Storage area, which is located in a remote area of Kirtland AFB. This area is heavily guarded by USAF Security. I have spoke [sic] with two employees of Sandia Laboratories, who also store classified objects in Manzano, and they told me that Sandia has examined several UFO’s during the last 20 years. One that crashed near Roswell NM in the late 50’s was examined by Sandia scientists. That craft is still being store [sic] in Manzano.

“I have reason to beleive [sic] OSI is conducting a very secret investigation into UFO sightings. OSI took over when Project Blue Book was closed. I was told this by my commander, COL Bruce Purvine. COL Purvine also told me that the investigation was so secret that most employees of OSI doesn’t [sic] even know it. But COL Purvine told me that Kirtland AFB, AFOSI District 17 has a special secret detachment that investigates sightings around this area. They have also investigated the cattle mutilations in New Mexico.”

In 1985 investigator Benton Jamison located Craig Weitzel, who confirmed that he had indeed seen a UFO in 1980 and reported it to Sgt. Doty. But his sighting, while interesting, was rather less dramatic than the CE3 reported in the letter; Weitzel saw a silver-colored object some 10,000 to 15,000 feet overhead. After maneuvering for a few minutes, he told Jamison, it “accelerated like you never saw anything accelerate before” (Hastings, 1985). He also said he knew nothing of a meeting with anyone identified as “Mr. Huck.”

In December 1982, in response to a Freedom of Information request from Barry Greenwood of Citizens Against UFO Secrecy (CAUS), Air Force Office of Special Investigations released a two page OSI Complaint Form stamped “For Official Use Only.” Dated September 8, 1980, it was titled “Kirtland AFB, NM, 8 Aug-3 Sept 80, Alleged Sightings of Unidentified Aerial Lights in Restricted Test Range.” The document described several sightings of UFOs in the Manzano Weapons Storage Area, at the Coyote Canyon section of the Department of Defense Restricted Test Range. One of the reports cited was a New Mexico State Patrolman’s August 10 observation of a UFO landing. (A later check with state police sources by Larry Fawcett, a Connecticut police officer and UFO investigator, uncovered no record of such a report. The sources asserted that the absence of a report could only mean that no such incident had ever happened.) This intriguing document is signed by then OSI Special Agent Richard C. Doty.

In 1987, after comparing three documents (the anonymous letter to APRO, the September 8, 1980, AFOSI Complaint Form, and a purported AFOSI document dated August 14, 1980, and claiming “frequency jamming” by UFOs in the Kirtland area), researcher Brad Sparks concluded that Doty had written all three. In 1989 Moore confirmed that Doty had written the letter to APRO. “Essentially it was ‘bait,'” he says. “AFOSI knew that Bennewitz had close ties with APRO at the time, and they were interested in recruiting someone within . . . APRO . . . who would be in a position to provide them with feedback on Bennewitz'[s] activities and communications. Since I was the APRO Board member in charge of Special Investigations in 1980, the Weitzel letter was passed to me for action shortly after it had been received.” According to Bruce Maccabee, Doty admitted privately that he had written the Ellsworth AFB document, basing it on a real incident which he wanted to bring to public attention. Doty has made no public comment on any of these allegations. Moore says Doty “was almost certainly a part of [the Ellsworth report], but not in a capacity where he would have been responsible for creating the documents involved” (Moore, 1989a).

Doty was also the source of an alleged AFOSI communication dated November 17, 1980, and destined to become known as the “Aquarius document.” Allegedly sent from AFOSI headquarters at Bolling AFB in Washington, D.C., to the AFOSI
District 17 office at Kirtland, it mentions, in brief and cryptic form, analyses of negatives from a UFO film apparently taken the previous month. The version that circulated through the UFO community states in its penultimate paragraph:


This is the first mention of “MJ-12” in an allegedly official government document. Moore describes it as an “example of some of the disinformation produced in connection with the Bennewitz case. The document is a retyped version of a real AFOSI message with a few spurious additions.” Among the most significant additions, by Moore’s account, are the bogus references to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey and to NASA, which he says was NSA (National Security Agency) in the original.

According to Moore, Doty got the document “right off the teletype” (Moore, 1990) and showed it to Moore almost immediately. Later Doty came by with what purported to be a copy of it, but Moore noticed that it was not exactly the same; material had been added to it. Doty said he wanted Moore to give the doctored copy to Bennewitz. Reluctant to involve himself in the passing of this dubious document, Moore sat on it for a while, then finally worried that the sources he was developing, the ones who were telling him about the U.S. government’s alleged interactions with EBEs, would dry up if he did not cooperate. So eventually he gave the document to Bennewitz but urged him not to publicize it. Bennewitz agreed and kept his promise.

As of September 1982 Moore knew of three copies of the document: the one Bennewitz had, one Moore had in safekeeping, and one he had in his briefcase during a trip he made that month to meet someone in San Francisco. He met the man in the morning and that afternoon someone broke into his car and stole his briefcase. Four months later a copy of the document showed up in the hands of a New York lawyer interested in UFOs, and soon the document was circulating widely. Moore himself had little to say on the subject until he delivered a controversial and explosive speech to the annual conference of the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) in Las Vegas in 1989.

In late 1982, “during,” he says, “one of the many friendly conversations I had with Richard Doty,” Moore mentioned that he was looking into the old (and seemingly discredited) story that a UFO had crashed in Aztec, New Mexico, in 1948. This tale was the subject of Frank Scully’s 1950 book Behind the Flying Saucers. (Moore’s long account of his investigation into the affair, which he found to be an elaborate hoax, would appear in the 1985 MUFON symposium proceedings.) Doty said he had never heard the story and asked for details, taking notes as Moore spoke.

On January 10 and 11, 1983, attorney Peter Gersten, director of CAUS, met with Doty in New Mexico. There were two meetings, the first of them also attended by Moore and San Francisco television producer Ron Lakis, the second by Gersten alone. During the first meeting Doty was guarded in his remarks. But at the second he spoke openly about what ostensibly were extraordinary secrets. He said the Ellsworth case was the subject of an investigation by AFOSI and the FBI; nuclear weapons were involved. The National Enquirer investigation, which had concluded the story was bogus, was “amateurish.” At least two civilians, a farmer and a deputy sheriff, had been involved, but were warned not to talk. The government knows why UFOs appear in certain places, Doty said, but he would not elaborate. He added, however, that
“beyond a shadow of a doubt they’re extraterrestrial” (Greenwood, 1988) and from 50 light years from the earth. He knew of at least three UFO crashes, the Roswell incident and two others, one from the 1950s, the other from the 196Os. Bodies had been recovered. A spectacular incident, much like the one depicted in the ending of the film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, took place in 1966 The NSA was involved in communications with extraterrestrials; the effort is called Project Aquarius. Inside the UFO organizations government moles are collecting information and spreading disinformation. Doty discussed the Aquarius document and said the really important documents are impossible to get out of the appropriate files. Some are protected in such a way that they will disintegrate within five seconds’ exposure to air. These documents tell of agreements between the U.S. government and extraterrestrials under which the latter are free to conduct animal mutilations (especially of cattle) and to land at a certain base, in exchange for information about advanced UFO technology. Doty also claimed that via popular entertainment the American people are being prepared to accept the reality of visitation by benevolent beings from other worlds.

At one point in the conversation Doty asked Gersten, “How do you know that I’m not here to either give you misinformation or to give you information which is part of the programming, knowing you are going to go out and spread it around?” (Howe, 1989).

In the 1970s, as director of special projects for the Denver CBS-TV affiliate, Linda Moulton Howe had produced 12 documentaries, most of them dealing with scientific, environmental and health issues. But the one that attracted the most attention was Strange Harvest, which dealt with the then- widespread reports that cattle in Western and Midwestern states were being killed and mutilated by persons or forces unknown. Most veterinary pathologists said the animals were dying of unknown causes. Farmers, ranchers and some law-enforcement officers thought the deaths were mysterious. Some even speculated that extraterrestrials were responsible. This possibility intrigued Howe, who had a lifelong interest in UFOs, and Strange Harvest argues for a UFO mutilation link.

In the fall of 1982, as Howe was working on a documentary on an unrelated matter, she got a call from Home Box Office (HBO). The caller said the HBO people had been impressed with Strange Harvest and wanted to know if Howe would do a film on UFOs. In March 1983 she went to New York to sign a contract with HBO for a show to be titled UFOs-The ET Factor.

The evening before her meeting with the HBO people, Howe had dinner with Gersten and science writer Patrick Huyghe. Gersten told Howe that he had met with Sgt. Doty, an AFOSI agent at Kirtland AFB, and perhaps Doty would be willing to talk on camera or in some other helpful capacity about the incident at Ellsworth. Gersten would call him and ask if he would be willing to meet with Howe.

Subsequently arrangements were made for Howe to fly to Albuquerque on April 9. Doty would meet her at the airport. But when she arrived that morning, no one was waiting. She called his home. A small boy answered and said his father was not there. Howe then phoned Jerry Miller, Chief of Reality Weapons Testing at Kirtland and a former Blue Book investigator. (He is mentioned in the October 28, 1980, “Multipurpose Internal OSI Form” reporting on Doty and Miller’s meeting with Bennewitz.) She knew Miller from an earlier telephone conversation, when she had called to ask him about Bennewitz’s claims, in which she had a considerable interest. Miller asked for a copy of Strange Harvest. Later he had given Howe his home phone number and said to contact him if she ever found herself in Albuquerque. So she called and asked if he would pick her up at the airport.

Miller drove Howe to his house. On the way Howe asked him a number of questions but got little in the way of answers. One question he did not answer was whether he is the “Miller” mentioned in the Aquarius document. When they got to Miller’s residence, Miller called Doty at his home, and Doty arrived a few minutes later, responding aggressively to Howe’s question about where he had been. He claimed to have been at the airport all along; where had she been? “Perhaps,” Howe would write, “he had decided he didn’t want to go through with the meeting, and it was acceptable in his world to leave me stranded at the airport-until Jerry Miller called his house” (Howe, 1989).

On the way to Kirtland, Howe asked Doty, whose manner remained both defiant and nervous, if he knew anything about the Holloman landing. Doty said it happened but that Robert Emenegger had the date wrong; it was not May 1971 but April 25, 1964-12 Hours after a much-publicized CE3 reported by Socorro, New Mexico, policeman Lonnie Zamora. (Zamora said he had seen an egg-shaped object on the ground. Standing near it were two child-sized beings in white suits.) Military and scientific personnel at the base knew a landing was coming, but “someone blew the time and coordinates” and an “advance military scout ship” had come down at the wrong time and place, to be observed by Zamora. When three UFOs appeared at Holloman at six o’clock the following morning, one landed while the other two hovered overhead. During the meeting between the UFO beings and a government party, the preserved bodies of dead aliens had been given to the aliens , who in turn had returned something unspecified. Five ground and aerial cameras recorded this event.

At the Kirtland gate Doty waved to the guard and was let through. They went to a small white and gray building. Doty took her to what he described as “my – boss’ office.” Doty seemed unwilling to discuss the Ellsworth case, the ostensible reason for the interview, but had much to say about other matters. First he asked Howe to move from the chair on which she was sitting to another in the middle of the room. Howe surmised that this was to facilitate the surreptitious recording of their conversation, but Doty said only, “Eyes can see through windows.”

“My superiors have asked me to show you this,” he said. He produced a brown envelope he had taken from a drawer in the desk at which he was sitting and withdrew several sheets of white paper. As he handed them to Howe, he warned her that they could not be copied; all she could do was read them in his presence and ask questions.

The document gave no indication anywhere as to which government, military or scientific agency (if any) had prepared the report, titled A Briefing Paper for the President of the United States on the Subject of Unidentified Flying Vehicles. The title did not specify which President it had in mind, nor did the document list a date (so far as Howe recalls today) which would have linked it to a particular administration.

The first paragraph, written–as was everything that followed– in what Howe characterizes as “dry bureaucratese,” listed dates and locations of crashes and retrievals of UFOs and their occupants. The latter were invariably described as 3 1/2 to four feet tall, gray-skinned and hairless, with oversized heads, large eyes and no noses. It was now known, the document stated on a subsequent page, that these beings, from a nearby solar system, have been here for many thousands of years. Through genetic manipulation they influenced the course of human evolution and in a sense created us. They had also helped shape our religious beliefs.

The July 1947 Roswell crash was mentioned; so, however, was another one at Roswell in 1949. Investigators at the site found five bodies and one living alien, who was taken to a safe house at the Los Alamos National Laboratory north of Albuquerque. The aliens, small gray-skinned humanoids, were known as “extraterrestrial biological entities” and the living one was called “EBE” (ee-buh). EBE was befriended (if that was the word) by an Air Force officer, but the being died of unknown causes on June 18, 1952. (EBE’s friend, by 1964 a colonel, was among those who were there to greet the aliens who landed at Holloman.) Subsequently, it would be referred to as EBE-1, since in later years another such being, EBE-2, would take up residence in a safe house. After that, a third, EBE-3, appeared on the scene and was now living in secret at an American base.

The briefing paper said other crashes had occurred one near Kingman, Arizona, another just south of Texas in northern Mexico. It also mentioned the Aztec crash- The wreckage and bodies had been removed to such facilities as Los Alamos laboratory and Wright-Patterson AFB. A number of highly classified projects dealt with these materials. They included Snowbird (research and development from the study of an intact spacecraft left by the aliens as a gift) and Aquarius (the umbrella operation under which the research and contact efforts were coordinated). Project Sigma was the ongoing electronic communications effort. There was also a defunct project Garnet, intended to investigate extraterrestrial influence on human evolution. According to the document, extraterrestrials have appeared at various intervals in human history-25,000, 15,000, 5000 and 2500 years ago as well as now–to manipulate human and other DNA.

One paragraph stated briefly, “Two thousand years ago extraterrestrials created a being” who was placed here to teach peace and love. Elsewhere a passing mention was made of another group of EBEs, called the “Talls.”

The paper said Project Blue Book had existed solely to take heat off the Air Force and to draw attention away from the real projects. Doty mentioned an “MJ-12,” explaining that “MJ” stood for “Majority.” It was a policy-making body whose membership consisted of 12 very high-ranking government scientists, military officers and intelligence officials. These were the men who made the decisions governing the cover-up and the contacts.

Doty said Howe would be given thousands of feet of film of crashed discs, bodies, EBE-1 and the Holloman landing and meeting. She could use this material in her documentary to tell the story of how U.S. officials learned that the earth is being visited and what they have done about it. “We want you to do the film,” Howe quotes him as saying.

When Howe asked why she, not the New York Times, the Washington Post or 60 Minutes, was getting this, the story of the millennium, Doty replied bluntly that an individual media person is easier to manipulate and discredit than a major organization with expensive attorneys. He said that another plan to release the information, through Emenegger and Sandler, had been halted because political conditions were not right.

Over the next weeks Howe had a number of phone conversations with Doty, mostly about technical problems related to converting old film to videotape. She spoke on several occasions with three other men but did not meet them personally.

Doty suggested that eventually she might be allowed to film an interview with EBE-3. But the current film project was to have a historical emphasis; it would deal with events between 1949 and 1964. If at some point she did meet EBE-3, however, there was no way she could prepare herself for the “shock and fear” of meeting an alien being.

Howe, of course, had informed her HBO contacts, Jean Abounader and her superior Bridgett Potter, of these extraordinary developments. Howe urged them to prepare themselves, legally and otherwise, for the repercussions
that would surely follow the release of the film. The HBO people told her she would have to secure a letter of intent from the U.S. government with a legally-binding commitment to release the promised film footage. When Howe called Doty about it, he said, “I’ll work on it.” He said he would mail the letter directly to HBO.

Then HBO told her it would not authorize funds for the film production until all the evidence was in hand and, as Potter put it, Howe had the “President, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State and Joint Chiefs of Staff to back it up” (Howe, 1989). But proceed anyway, Howe was told. Now she was furious at both HBO and Doty.

When she called him at the base, he remarked that he had good news and bad news. She and a small crew would soon be able to interview the retired colonel (then a captain) who had spent three years with EBE-1. The bad news was that it would be three months before the thousands of feet of film of EBE-1 and the Holloman landing/contact would be available. Meanwhile, before she could screen the footage, Howe would have to sign three security oaths and undergo a background check. She would also have to supply photographs of all the technical assistants who would accompany her to the interview.

The interview was repeatedly set up and canceled. Then in June Doty called to say he was officially out of the project. This was a blow because Doty was the only one she could call. She did not know how to get in touch with the others and always had to wait for them to contact her.

By October the contacts had decreased. The same month her contract with HBO expired. All she had was the name of the Washington contact. In March 1984 this individual called her office three times, although she was out of town working on a non-UFO story at the time. “Upon returning home,” she writes, “I learned the man was contacting me to explain there would be further delays in the film project after the November 1984 election” (Howe, 1989).

For Howe that was the end of the matter, except for a brief sequel. On March 5, 1988, Doty wrote ufologist Larry W. Bryant, who had unsuccessfully sought access to Doty’s military records through the Freedom of Information Act, and denied that he had ever discussed government UFO secrets or promised footage of crashed discs, bodies and live EBEs. Howe responded by making a sworn statement about the meeting an producing copies of her correspondence from the period with both Doty and HBO.

In 1989 Moore said that “in early 1983 I became aware that Rick [Doty] was involved with a team of several others, including one fellow from Denver that I knew of and at least one who was working out of Washington, D.C., in playing an elaborate disinformation scheme against a prominent UfO researcher who, at the time, had close connections with a major television film company interested in doing a UFO documentary.” He was referring to Howe, of course. The episode was a counterintelligence sting operation, part of the “wall of disinformation” intended to “confuse” the Bennewitz issue and to “call his credibility into question.” Because of Howe’s interest in Bennewitz’s work, according to Moore, “certain elements within the intelligence community were concerned that the story of his having intercepted low frequency electromagnetic emissions from the Coyote Canyon area of the Kirtland/Sandia complex would end up as part of a feature film. Since this in turn might influence others (possibly even the Russians) to attempt similar experiments, someone in a control position apparently felt it had to be stopped before it got out of hand.” In his observation, Moore said, “the government seemed hell bent on severing the ties that existed between [Howe] and [HBO]” (Moore, 1989b).

Doty’s assertion that Howe had misrepresented their meeting was not to be taken seriously, according to Moore, since Doty was bound by a security oath and could not discuss the matter freely Moore said that the Aztec crash, known beyond reasonable doubt never to have occurred, was something Doty had added to the document after learning from Moore of his recent investigation of the hoax.

In December 1984, in the midst of continuing contact with their own sources (Doty and a number of others) who claimed to be leaking the secret of the cover-up, Moore’s associate Jaime Shandera received a roll of 35mm film containing, it turned out what purported to be a briefing paper dated November 18, 1952, and intended for president-elect Eisenhower. The purported author, Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, reported that an “Operation Majestic-12,” consisting of a dozen top scientists, military officers and intelligence specialists, had been set up by presidential order on September 24, 1947, to study the Roswell remains and the four humanoid bodies that had been recovered nearby. The document report that the team directed by MJ12 member and physiologist Detlev Bronk “has suggested the term ‘Extra- terrestrial Biological Entities’, or ‘EBEs’, be adopted as the standard term of reference for these creatures until such time as a more definitive designation can be agreed upon.” Brief mention is also made of a December 6, 1950, crash along the Texas-Mexico border. Nothing is said, however, about live aliens or communications with them.

In July 1985 Moore and Shandera, acting on tips from their sources, traveled to Washington and spent a few days going through recently declassified documents in Record Group 341, including Top Secret Air Force intelligence files from USAF Headquarters. In the 126th box whose contents they examined, they found a brief memo dated July 14, 1954, from Robert Cutler, Special Assistant to the President, to Gen. Nathan Twining. It says “The president has decided that the MJ-12/SSP [Special Studies Project] briefing should take place during the already scheduled White House meeting of July 16 rather than following it as previously intended. More precise arrangements will be explained to you upon your arrival. Your concurrence in the above change of arrangements is assumed” (Friedman, 1987).

The Cutler/Twining memo, as it would be called in the controversies that erupted after Moore released the MJ-12 document to the world in the spring of 1987, is the only official document-not to be confused with such disputed ones as the November 17, 1980, Aquarius document-to mention MJ-12. (Several critics of the MJ-12 affair have questioned the memo’s authenticity as well, but so far without unambiguous success.) The memo does not, of course, say what the MJ12 Special Studies Project was.

MJ-12 Goes Public:

Just prior to Moore’s release of the MJ-12 briefing paper, another copy was leaked to British ufologist Timothy Good, who took his copy to the press. The first newspaper article on it appeared in the London Observer of May 31, 1987, and soon it was the subject of pieces in the New York Times, Washington Post and ABC-TV’s Nightline. It was also denounced, not altogether persuasively, both by professional debunkers and by many ufologists. The dispute would rage without resolution well into 1989, when critics discovered that President Truman’s signature on the September 24, 1947, executive order (appended to the briefing paper) was exactly like his signature on an undisputed, UFO-unrelated October 1, 1947, letter to his science adviser (and supposed MJ-12 member) Vannevar Bush. To all appearances a forger had appended a real signature to a fake letter. The MJ-12 document began to look like another disinformation scheme.

Although acutely aware of the mass of disinformation circulating throughout the UFO community, Moore remained convinced that at least some of the information his own sources were giving him was authentic. In 1988 he provided two of his sources, “Falcon” (Sgt. Doty according to some) and “Condor” (later claimed to be former U.S. Air Force Capt. Robert Collins), to a television production company. (Moore and Shandera had given them avian names and called the sources collectively “the birds.”) UFO Cover-up . . . Live, a two-hour program, aired in October 1988, with Falcon and Condor, their faces shaded, their voices altered, relating the same tales with which they had regaled Moore and Shandera. The show, almost universally judged a laughable embarrassment, was most remembered for the informants’ statements that the aliens favored ancient Tibetan music and strawberry ice cream. Critics found the latter allegation especially hilarious.

Lear’s Conspiracy Theory:

Events on the UFO scene were taking a yet more bizarre turn that same year as even wilder tales began to circulate. The first to tell them was John Lear, a pilot with a background in the CIA and the estranged son of aviation legend William P. Lear. Lear had surfaced two or three years earlier, but aside from his famous father there seemed little to distinguish him from any of hundreds of other UFO buffs who subscribe to the field’s publications and show up at its conferences. But then he started claiming that unnamed sources had told him of extraordinary events which made those told by Doty and the birds sound like bland and inconsequential anecdotes.

According to Lear, not just a few but dozens of flying saucers had crashed over the years. In 1962 the U.S. government started Project Redlight to find a way to fly the recovered craft, some relatively intact. A similar project exists even now and is run out of supersecret military installation; one is Area 51 (specifically at a facility called S4) at the Nevada Test Site and the other is set up near Dulce, New Mexico. These areas, unfortunately, may no longer be under the control of the government or even of the human race. In the late 1960s an official agency so secret that not even the President may know of it had made an agreement with the aliens. In exchange for extraterrestrial technology the secret government would permit (or at least not interfere with) a limited number of abductions of human beings; the aliens, however, were to provide a list of those they planned to kidnap.

All went relatively well for a few years. Then in 1973 the government discovered that thousands of persons who were not on the alien’s list were being abducted. The resulting tensions led to an altercation in 1978 or 1979. The aliens held and then killed 44 top scientists as well as a number of Delta force troops who had tried to free them. Ever since, frantic efforts, of which the Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”) is the most visible manifestation, have been made to develop a defense against the extraterrestrials, who are busy putting implants into abductees (as many as one in 10 Americans) to control their behavior. At some time in the near future these people will be used for some unknown, apparently sinister, alien purpose. Even worse than all this, though, is the aliens’ interest in Human flesh. Sex and other organs are taken from both human beings and cattle and used to create androids in giant vats located in underground laboratories at Area 51 and Dulce. The extraterrestrials, from an ancient race near the end of its evolution, also use materials from human body parts as a method of biological rejuvenation. (“In order to sustain themselves,” he said, “they use an enzyme or hormonal secretion obtained from the tissue that they extract from humans and animals. The secretions are then mixed with hydrogen peroxide and applied on the skin by spreading or dipping parts of their bodies in the solution. The body absorbs the solution, then excretes the waste back through the skin” [Berk and Renzi, 1988].)

One of Lear’s major sources was Bennewitz, who had first heard these scary stories from AFOSI personnel at Kirtland in the early 1980s. By this time Bennewitz had become something of a guru to a small group of UFO enthusiasts, Linda Howe among them, who believed extraterrestrials were mutilating cattle and had no trouble believing they might do the same thing to people. Also Lear, whose political views are far to the right of center, was linking his UFO beliefs with conspiracy theories about a malevolent secret American government which was attempting to use the aliens for its own purposes, including enslavement of the world’s people through drug addiction. A considerable body of rightwing conspiracy literature, some with barely-concealed anti- Semitic overtones, was making similar charges. Lear himself was not anti-Semitic, but he did share conspiracy beliefs with those who were.

Another of his claimed sources was an unnamed physicist who, Lear claimed, had actually worked at S4. To the many ufologists who rejected Lear’s stories as paranoid, lunatic or fabricated (though not by the patently-sincere Lear), there was widespread skepticism about this physicist’s existence. It turned out that he did indeed exist. His name is Robert Lazar, who, according to a story broken by reporter George Knapp on KLAS-TV, the ABC affiliate in Las Vegas, on November 11 and 13, 1989, claims to have worked on alien technology projects at Area 51. Lazar, whose story is being investigated by both ufologists and mainstream journalists, has not endorsed Lear’s claims about human-alien treaties, man-eating ETs or any of the rest and has distanced himself from Lear and his associates. His claims, while fantastic by most standards, are modest next to Lears.

Cooper’s Conspiracy Theory:

Soon Lear was joined by someone with an even bigger supply of fabulous yarns: one Milton William Cooper. Cooper surfaced on December 18, 1988, when his account of the fantastic secrets he learned while a Naval petty officer appeared on a computer network subscribed to by ufologists and others interested in anomalous phenomena. Cooper said that while working as a quartermaster with an intelligence team for Adm.

Bernard Clarey, Commander in Chief of the Pacific Meet, in the early 1970s he saw two documents, Project Grudge Special Report 13 and a Majority briefing. (In conventional UFO history, Grudge was the second public Air Force UFO project, superseding the original Sign, in early 1949 and lasting until late 1951, when it was renamed Blue Book. Whereas Sign investigators at one time concluded UFOs were of extraterrestrial origin–a conclusion the Air force leadership found unacceptable–Grudge, as its name suggests coincidentally or otherwise, was known for its hostility to the idea of UFOs and for its eagerness to assign conventional explanations, warranted or otherwise, to the sighting reports that came its way.) Cooper’s account of what was in these reports is much like the by-now familiar story of crashes, bodies, contacts and projects, with some elaborations. Moreover, he said the aliens were called “ALFs” (which as any television viewer knows, stands for Alien Life forms) and the “M” in MJ-12 is for Majority not Majestic. Later he would say he had seen photographs of aliens, including a type he called the “big-nosed grays”-like those that supposedly landed at Holloman in 1964 or 1971. The U.S. government was in contact with them and alien-technology projects were going on at Area 51.

If this sounded like a rehash of Moore and Lear, that was only because Cooper had yet to pull out all the stops. On May 23, 1989, Cooper produced a 25-page document titled The Secret Government: The Origin, Identity And Purpose of MJ-12. He presented it as a lecture in Las Vegas a few weeks later. In Cooper’s version of the evolving legend, the “secret government,” an unscrupulous group of covert CIA and other intelligence operatives who keep many of their activities sealed from even the President’s knowledge, runs the country. One of its first acts was to murder one-time Secretary of Defense (and alleged early MJ-12 member) James Forrestal the death was made to look like suicide-because he threatened to expose the UFO cover-up. Nonetheless, President Truman, fearing an invasion from outer space, kept other nations, including the Soviet Union, abreast of developments. But keeping all this secret was a real problem, so an international secret society known as the Bilderbergers, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, was formed. Soon it became a secret world government and “now controls everything,” Cooper said.

All the while flying saucers were dropping like flies out of the heavens. In 1953 there were 10 crashes in the United States alone. Also that year, astronomers observed huge spaceships heading toward the earth and in time entering into orbit around the equator. Project Plato was established to effect communication with these new aliens. One of the ships landed and a face-to-face meeting took place, and plans for diplomatic relations were laid. Meanwhile a race of human-looking aliens warned the U.S. government that the new visitors were not to be trusted and that if the government got rid of its nuclear weapons, the human aliens would help us in our spiritual development, which would keep us from destroying ourselves through wars and environmental pollution. The government rejected these overtures.

The big-nosed grays, the ones who had been orbiting the equator, landed again, this time at Holloman AFB, in 1954 and reached an agreement with the U.S. government. These beings stated that they were from a dying planet that orbits Betelguese. At some point in the not too distant future, they said, they would have to leave there for good. A second meeting took place not long afterwards at Edwards AFB in California. This time President Eisenhower was there to sign a formal treaty and to meet the first alien ambassador, “His Omnipotent Highness Krlll,” pronounced Krill. He, in common with his fellow space travelers, wore a trilateral insignia on his uniform; the same design appears on all Betelguese spacecraft.

According to Cooper’s account, the treaty’s provisions were these: Neither side would interfere in the affairs of the other. The aliens would abduct humans from time to time and would return them unharmed, with no memory of the event. It would provide a list of names of those it was going to take. The U.S. government would keep the aliens’ presence a secret and it would receive advanced technology from them. The two sides would exchange 16 individuals each for the purpose of learning from and teaching each other. The aliens would stay on earth and the humans would go to the other planet, then return after a specified period of time. The two sides would jointly occupy huge underground bases which would be constructed at hidden locations in the Southwest.

(It should be noted that the people listed as members of MJ-12 are largely from the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. These organizations play a prominent role in conspiracy theories of the far right. In a book on the subject George Johnson writes, “After the Holocaust of World War II, anti-Semitic conspiracy theories became repugnant to all but the fringe of the American right. Populist fears of the power of the rich became focused instead on organizations that promote international capitalism, such as the Trilateral Commission, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Bilderbergers, a group of world leaders and businesspeople who held one of their early conferences on international relations at the Bilderberg Hotel in the Netherlands” [Johnson, 1983]. According to Cooper, the trilateral emblem is taken directly from the alien flag. He adds that under Presidents Nixon, Ford and Carter MJ-12 became known as the 50 Committee. Under Reagan it was renamed the PI-40 Committee.)

By 1955, during the Eisenhower years, Cooper charged, officials learned for certain what they had already begun to suspect a year earlier: that the aliens had broken the treaty before the ink on it had time to dry. They were killing and mutilating both human beings and animals, failing to supply a complete list of abductees, and not returning some of those they had taken. On top of that, they were conspiring with the Soviets, manipulating society through occultism, witchcraft, religion and secret organizations. Eisenhower prepared a secret executive memo, NSC 5411, ordering a study group of 35 top members (the “Jason Society”) associated with the Council on Foreign Relations to “examine all the facts, evidence, lies, and deception and discover the truth of the alien question” (Cooper, 1989). Because the resulting meetings were held at Quantico Marine Base, they were called the Quantico meetings. Those participating included Edward Teller, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger and Nelson Rockefeller.

The group decided that the danger to established social, economic, religious and political institutions was so grave that no one must know about the aliens, not even Congress. That meant that alternative sources of funding would have to be found. It also concluded that the aliens were using human organs and tissue to replenish their deteriorating genetic structure.

Further, according to Cooper, overtures were made to the Soviet Union and other nations so that all the earth could join together to deal with the alien menace. Research into sophisticated new weapons systems commenced. Intelligence sources penetrated the Vatican hoping to learn the Fatima prophecy which had been kept secret ever since 1917. It was suspected that the Fatima, Portugal, “miracle” was an episode of alien manipulation. As it turned out, the prophecy stated that in 1992 a child would unite the world under the banner of a false religion. By 1995 people would figure out that he was the Anti-Christ. That same year World War III would begin when an alliance of Arab nations invaded Israel. This would lead to nuclear war in 1999. The next four years would see horrible death and suffering all over the planet. Christ would return in 2011.

When confronted about this, claimed Cooper, the aliens candidly acknowledged it was true. They knew it because they had traveled into the future via time machine and observed it with their own eyes. They added that they created us through genetic manipulation. Later the Americans and the Soviets also developed time travel and confirmed the Fatima/ET vision of the future.

In 1957 the Jason group met again, by order of Eisenhower, to decide what to do. It came up with three alternatives: (l) Use nuclear bombs to blow holes in the stratosphere so that pollution could escape into space. (2) Build a huge network of tunnels under the earth and save enough human beings of varying cultures, occupations and talents so that the race could reemerge after the nuclear and environmental catastrophes to come. Everybody else-i.e., the rest of humanity–would be left on the surface presumably to die. (3) Employ alien and terrestrial technology to leave earth and colonize the moon (code name “Adam”) and Mars (“Eve”). The first alternative was deemed impractical, so the Americans and the Soviets started working on the other two. Meanwhile they decided that the population would have to be controlled, which could be done most easily by killing off as many “undesirables” as possible. Thus AIDS and other deadly diseases were introduced into the population. Another idea to raise needed funds was quickly acted on: sell drugs on a massive scale. An ambitious young member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a Texas oil-company president named George Bush, was put in charge of the project, with the aid of the CIA. “The plan worked better than anyone had thought ” CooPer said. “The CIA now controls all the worlds [sic] illegal drug markets” (Cooper, 1989).

Unknown to just about everybody, a secret American/Soviet/alien space base existed on the dark side of the moon. By the early 1960s human colonies were thriving on the surface of Mars. All the while the naive people of the earth were led to believe the Soviets and the Americans were something other than the closest allies. But Cooper’s story got even more bizarre and byzantine.

He claimed that in 1963, when President Kennedy found out some of what was going on, he gave an ultimatum to MJ-12: get out of the drug business. He also declared that in 1964 he would tell the American people about the alien visitation. Agents of MJ-12 ordered his assassination. Kennedy was murdered in full view of many hundreds of onlookers, none of whom apparently noticed, by the Secret Service agent driving the President’s car in the motorcade.

In 1969, reported Cooper, a confrontation between human scientists and aliens at the Dulce laboratory resulted in the former’s being taken hostage by the latter. Soldiers who tried to free the scientists were killed, unable to overcome the superior alien weapons. The incident led to a two-year rupture in relations. The alliance was resumed in 1971 and continues to this day, even as a vast invisible financial empire run by the CIA, the NSA and the Council on Foreign Relations runs drugs, launders money and encourages massive street crime so that Americans will be susceptible to
gun-control legislation. The CIA has gone so far as to employ drugs and hypnosis to cause mentally-unstable individuals to commit mass murder of schoolchildren and other innocents, the point being to encourage anti-gun hysteria. All of this is part of the plot, aided and abetted by the mass media (also under the secret government’s control), to so scare Americans that they will soon accept the declaration of martial law when that happens, people will be rounded up and put in concentration camps already in place. From there they will be flown to the moon and Mars to work as slave labor in the space colonies.

The conspirators already run the world. As Cooper put it, “Even a cursory investigation by the most inexperienced researcher will show that the members of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral commission control the major foundations, all of the major media and publishing interests, the largest banks, all the major corporations, the – upper echelons of the government, and many other vital interests.”

Reaction to Lear and Cooper:

Whereas Lear had felt some obligation to name a source or two, or at least to mutter something about “unnamed sources,” Cooper told his lurid and outlandish tale as if it were so self-evidently true that sources or supporting data were irrelevant. And to the enthusiastic audiences flocking to Cooper’s lectures, no evidence was necessary. By the fall of the year Cooper was telling his stories–whose sources were, in fact, flying-saucer folklore, AFOSI disinformation unleashed during the Bennewitz episode, conspiracy literature, and outright fiction–to large crowds of Californians willing to pay $l0 or $15 apiece for the thrill of being scared silly.

Lear and Cooper soon were joined by two other tellers of tales of UFO horrors and Trilateral conspiracies, William English and John Grace (who goes under the pseudonym “Val Valarian” and heads the Nevada Aerial Research Group in Las Vegas).

Few if any mainstream ufologists took these stories seriously and at first treated them as something of a bad joke. But when it became clear that Lear, Cooper and company were commanding significant media attention and finding a following among the larger public interested in ufology’s fringes, where a claim’s inherent improbability had never been seen as an obstacle to believe in it, the leaders of the UFO community grew ever more alarmed.

One leader who was not immediately alarmed was Walter H. Andrus, Jr., director of the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), one of the two largest UFO organizations in the United States (the other being the J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies [CUFOS]). In 1987, before Lear had proposed what some wags would call the Dark Side Hypothesis, he had offered to host the 1989 MUFON conference in Las Vegas. Andrus agreed. But as Lear’s true beliefs became known, leading figures within MUFON expressed concern about Lear’s role in the conference. When Andrus failed to respond quickly, MUFON officials were infuriated.

Facing a possible palace revolt, Andrus informed Lear that Cooper, whom Lear had invited to speak at the conference, was not an acceptable choice. But to the critics on the MUFON board and elsewhere in the organization, this was hardly enough. One of them, longtime ufologist Richard Hall, said this was “like putting a Band-Aid on a hemorrhage” (Hall, 1989). In a heated telephone exchange Andrus called Hall’s objections to Lear “just one man’s opinion” and claimed support, which turned out not to exist, from other MUFON notables. In a widely-distributed open letter to Andrus, Hall wrote, “Having Lear run the symposium and be a major speaker at it is comparable to NICAP in the 1960’s having George Adamski run a NICAP conference! ” (NICAP, the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena, of which Hall was executive secretary in the late 1950s and much of the 1960s, was a conservative UFO-research organization which attacked as fraudulent the claims of Adamski, who wrote books about his meetings with Venusians and distributed photographs of what he said were their spaceships.) Hall went on, “You seem to be going for the colorful and the spectacular rather than for the critical-minded approach of science; you even expressed the view- in effect-that having a panel to question Lear critically would be good show biz and the ‘highlight’ of the symposium. Maybe so, but it obviously would dominate the entire program, grab off all major news media attention, and put UFO research in the worst possible light.” Hall declared, “I am hereby resigning from the MUFON Board and I request that my name be removed from all MUFON publications or papers that indicate me to be a Board Member.”

Fearing more resignations, Andrus moved to make Lear barely more than a guest at his own conference. He was not to lecture there, as previously planned, and hosting duties would be handled, for the most part, by others. Lear ended up arranging an “alternative conference” at which he, Cooper, English and Don Ecker presented the latest elaborations on the Dark Side Hypothesis. Meanwhile another storm was brewing. On March 1, 1989, an Albuquerque ufologist, Robert Hastings, issued a 13-page statement, with 37 pages of appended documents, and mailed it to many of ufology’s most prominent individuals. Hastings opened with these remarks:

“First, it has been established that ‘Falcon,’ one of the principle [sic] sources of the MJ-12 material, is Richard C. Doty, formerly attached to District 17 Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) at Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Sgt. Doty retired from the U.S. Air Force on October 1, 1988.

“How do I know that Doty is ‘Falcon?’ During a recent telephone conversation, Linda Moulton Howe told me that when Sgt. Doty invited her to his office at Kirtland AFB in early April 1983, and showed her a purportedly authentic U.S. government document on UFOs, he identified himself as code-name ‘Falcon’ and stated that it was Bill Moore who had given him that name.

“Also, in early December 1988, a ranking member of the production team responsible for the ‘UFO Cover Up?-Live’ television documentary confirmed that Doty is ‘Falcon.’ This same individual also identified the second MJ-12 source who appeared on the program, ‘Condor’ as Robert Collins who was, until recently, a Captain in the U.S. Air Force. Like Doty, he was stationed at KAFB when he left the service late last year.” (Collins, a scientist, was assigned to the plasma physics group at Sandia National Laboratories on the Kirtland Air Force Base. Following his retirement he moved to Indiana and remains actively interested in UFOs.)

Hastings reviewed evidence of Doty’s involvement in the concoction of various questionable documents and stories, including the Ellsworth tale and the Weitzel affair. He also noted important discrepancies between the paper Howe saw and the MJ-12 briefing document. For example, while the first mentioned the alleged Aztec crash, the second said nothing about it at all. Hastings wondered, “[I]f the briefing paper that Sgt. Doty showed to Linda Howe was genuine, what does that say about the accuracy (and authenticity) of the Eisenhower document? If, on the other hand, the former was bogus and was meant to mislead Howe for some reason, what does that say about Richard ‘Falcon’ Doty’s reliability as a source for MJ-12 material as a whole?” (Hastings, 1989). Hastings also had much critical to say about Moore, especially about an incident in which Moore had flashed a badge in front of ufologist/cover-up investigator Lee Graham and indicated he was working with the government on a project to release UFO information. (Moore would characterize this as a misguided practical joke.)

Both Moore and Doty denied that the latter was Falcon. They claimed Doty had been given that pseudonym long after the 1983 meeting with Howe. Howe, however, stuck by her account. Moore and Doty said the real Falcon, an older man than Doty had been in the studio audience as the video of his interview was being broadcast on UFO Cover-up. . . Live. Doty himself was in New Mexico training with the state police.

Moore’s Confession:

By mid-1989 the two most controversial figures in ufology were Moore and Lear. Moore’s MUFON lecture on July 1 did nothing to quiet his legion of critics. On his arrival in Las Vegas, Moore checked into a different hotel from the one at which the conference was being held. He already had refused to submit his paper for publication in the symposium proceedings, so no one knew what he would say. He had also stipulated that he would accept no questions from the floor.

Moore’s speech stunned and angered much of the audience. At one point the shouts and jeers of Lear’s partisans brought proceedings to a halt until order was restored. Moore finished and exited immediately. He left Las Vegas not long afterwards.

In his lecture Moore spoke candidly, for the first time, of his part in the counterintelligence operation against Bennewitz. “My role in the affair,” he said, “was largely that of a freelancer providing information on Paul’s current thinking and activities.” Doty, “faithfully carrying out orders which he personally found distasteful,” was one of those involved in the effort to confuse and discredit Bennewitz. Because of his success at this effort, Moore suggested, Doty was chosen by the real “Falcon” as “liaison person, although I really don’t know. Frankly, I don’t believe that Doty does either. In my
opinion he was simply a pawn in a much larger game, just as I was.”

From disinformation passed on by AFOSI sources, and his own observations and guesses, according to Moore, “by mid-1982” Bennewitz had put together a story that “contained virtually all of the elements found in the current crop of rumors being circulated around the UFO community.” Moore was referring to the outlandish tales Lear and Cooper were telling. Moore said that “when I first ran into the disinformation operation . . . being run on Bennewitz . . . [i)t seemed to me . . . I was in a rather unique position. There I was with my foot . . . in the door of a secret counterintelligence game that gave every appearance of being somehow directly connected to a high-level government UFO project, and, judging by the positions of the people I knew to be directly involved with it, definitely had something to do with national security! There was no way I was going to allow the opportunity to pass me by without learning at least something about what was going on. . . . I would play the disinformation game, get my hands dirty just often enough to lead those directing the process into believing that I was doing exactly what they wanted me to do, and all the while continue to
burrow my way into the matrix so as to learn as much as possible about who was directing it and why.” Some of the same people who were passing alleged UFO secrets on to Moore were also involved in the operation against Bennewitz.
Moore knew that some of the material he was getting–essentially a mild version of the Bennewitz scenario, without the horror, paranoia and conspiracy–was false, but he (along with Jaime Shandera and Stanton Friedman, to whom he confided the cover-up story in June 1982; Friedman, however, would not learn of Moore’s role in the Bennewitz episode until seven years later) felt that some of it was probably true, since an invariable characteristic of disinformation is that it contains some facts. Moore also said that Linda Howe had been the victim of one of Doty’s disinformation operations.

Before he stopped cooperating with such schemes in 1984, Moore said, he had given “routine information” to AFOSI about certain other individuals in the UFO community. Subsequently he claimed that during this period this emphasis) “three other members of the UFO community . . . were actively doing the same thing. I have since learned of a fourth. . . . All four are prominent individuals whose identities, if disclosed, would cause considerable controversy in the UFO community and bring serious embarrassment to two of its major organizations. To the best of my knowledge, at least two of these people are still actively involved” (Moore, 1989b).

Although he would not reveal the identities of the government informants within ufology, Moore gave the names of several persons “who were the subject of intelligence community interest between 1980 and 1984.” They were:

(1) Len Stringfield, a ufologist known for his interest in crashed-disc stories; in 1980 he had been set up by a counterintelligence operative who gave him phony pictures of what purported to be humanoids in cold storage.

(2) The late Pete Mazzola, whose knowledge of film footage from a never-publicized Florida UFO case was of great interest to counterintelligence types. Moore was directed to urge Mazzola to send the footage to ufologist Kal Korff (who knew nothing of the scheme) for analysis; then Moore would make a copy and pass it on to Doty. But Mazzola never got the film, despite promises, and the incident came to nothing. “I was left with the impression,” Moore wrote, “that the file had been intercepted and the witnesses somehow persuaded to cease communication with Mazzola.”

(3) Peter Gersten, legal counsel for Citizens Against UFO Secrecy (CAUS), who had spearheaded a (largely unsuccessful) legal suit against the NSA seeking UFO information.

(4) Larry Fawcett, an official of CAUS and coauthor of a book on the cover-up, Clear Intent (1984).

(5) James and Coral Lorenzen, the directors of the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) periodically “subjects of on-again, off again interest . . . mostly passive monitoring rather than active meddling,” according to Moore. Between 1980 and 1982 APRO employed a “cooperative” secretary who passed on confidential material to counterintelligence personnel.

(6) Larry W. Bryant, who was battling without success in the courts to have UFO secrets revealed. Moore said, “His name came up often in discussions but I never had any direct involvement in whatever activities revolved around him.”

These revelations sent shock waves through the UFO community. In September CAUS devoted virtually all of an issue of its magazine Just Cause to a harshly critical review of Moore’s activities. Barry Greenwood declared that the “outrageousness” of Moore’s conduct “cannot be described. Moore, one of the major critics of government secrecy on UFOs, had covertly informed on people who thought he was their friend and colleague. Knowing full well that the government people with whom he was dealing were active disinformants, Moore pursued a relationship with them and observed the deterioration of Paul Bennewitz'[s] physical and mental health. . . . Moore reported the effects of the false information regularly to some of the very same people who were ‘doing it’ to Paul. And Moore boasted in his speech as to how effective it was” (Greenwood, 1989). Greenwood complained further about Moore’s admission that on the disastrous Cover-up . . . Live show Falcon and Condor had said things that they knew were untrue. “In the rare situation where two hours of prime time television are given over to a favorable presentation of UFOs, here we have a fair portion of the last hour wasted in presenting what Moore admits to be false data. . . . Yet he saw fit to go ahead and carry on a charade, making UFO research look ridiculous in the process. Remarks by Falcon and Condor about the aliens’ lifestyle and preference for Tibetan music and strawberry ice cream were laughable.” So far as Greenwood and CAUS, skeptical of the MJ-12 briefing document from the first, were concerned, “July 1, 1989, may well be remembered in the history of UFO
research as the day when the ‘Majestic 12’ story came crashing to Earth in a heap of rubble. Cause of death: Suicide!”

Nonetheless it seemed unlikely that MJ-12, EBEs, and other cover-up matters would pass away soon. The Dark Siders appeared well on their way to starting a new occult movement in America and elsewhere. Among movie conservative ufologists many legitimate questions about conceivably more substantive matters remained to be answered. A reinvestigation of the Roswell incident by Don Schmitt and Kevin D. Randle of CUFOS produced what appeared to be solid new evidence of a UFO crash and cover up. The emergence of Robert Lazar, who even a mainstream journalist such as television reporter George Knapp concluded is telling the truth as he knows it possibly suggested a degree of substance to recurrent rumors about developments in Area 51 and S4. Even Moore’s critics were puzzled by the extraordinary interest of intelligence operatives in ufologists and the UFO phenomenon, going back in time long before Bennewitz’s interception of low-frequency signals at Kirtland and ahead to the present. Why go to all this trouble and expense, with so many persons over such a period of time, if there are no real UFO secrets to protect?

Moore says he is still working with the “birds,” who are as active as ever. The birds tell him, he says, that disinformation is used not only against ufologists but even against those insiders like themselves who are privy to the cover-up. Those in charge are “going to great lengths to mislead their own people.” At one point the birds were told that there is no substance to abduction reports, only to learn later, by accident, that a major high-level study had been done. “Even people with a need to know didn’t know about it,” he says. “The abduction mess caused a lot of trouble. There may have been an official admission of the cover-up by now if the abductions had not come into prominence in the 1980s.”

As for the stories of ongoing contact between the U.S. government and extraterrestrial biological entities, he says there is, in his observation, a “pretty good possibility, better than three to one,” that such a thing is happening. “But I don’t think we can communicate with them. Perhaps we only intercept their communications. Or maybe they communicate
with us.”

He thinks he has found MJ-12. “It’s not in a place anybody looked,” he says. “Not an agency one would have expected. But when you think about it, it fits there” (Moore, 1990).

Doty, now a New Mexico State Police officer, was decertified as an AFOSI agent on July 15, 1986, for “misconduct” related to an incident (not concerned with UFOs) that occurred while he was stationed in West Germany. In August Doty requested a discharge from the Air Force and was sent to New Jersey to be separated from the service. But then, Doty says, the Senior Enlisted Advisor for AFOSI made a trip to the Military Personnel Center at Randolph AFB, Texas, and asked that Doty be reassigned to Kirtland, where his son lived. In September Col. Richard Law, Commander of AFOSI District 70, rescinded Doty’s decertification and assigned him to Kirtland as a services career specialist (i.e., an Air Force recruiter). When he left the Air Force in October 1988, he was superintendent of the 1606 Services Squadron. Doty remains close to Moore and uncommunicative with nearly everyone else. All he will say is that one day a book will tell his
side of the story and back it up with “Official Government Documents” (Doty, 1989).


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Hastings, Robert. The MJ-12 Affair: Facts, Questions, Comments. Albuquerque: THe Author, March 1, 1989.

Howe, Linda Moulton. An Alien Harvest: Further Evidence Linking Animal Mutilations and Human Abductions to Alien Life Forms. Littleton, CO: Linda Moulton Howe Productions, 1989.

Information Originally Intended for Those in the Intelligence Community Who Have a “Need to Know” Clearance Status. Canadian U.F.O. Research Network: Toronto, n.d.

Johnson, George. Architects of Fear: Conspiracy Theories and Paranoia in American Politics. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., 1983.

Maccabee, Bruce, ed. Documents and Supporting Information Related to Crashed Flying Saucers and Operation Majestic Twelve. Mount Rainer, MD: Fund for UFO Research, 1987.

Moore, William L. “Crashed Saucers: Evidence in Search of Proof.” In Walter H. Andrus, Jr., and Richard H. Hall, eds. MUFON 1985 UFO Symposium Proceedings, 130-79. Seguin, TX: Mutual UfO Network, Inc., 1985. Rept.: Burbank: The Author, 1985.

Moore, William L. Interview with Jerome Clark (January 5, 1990).

Moore, William L. The Roswell Investigation: Update and Conclusions 1981. Prescott, AZ: The Author, 1981. Rev. ed.: The Roswell Investigation: New Evidence in the Search for a crashed UFO. Prescott, AZ: The Author, 1982.

Moore, William L. “UfOs and the U S Government, Part 1.” Focus 4, 4-5-6 (June 30 1989a): 1-18. ‘

Moore, William L. “UfOs and the U S Government, part 11.” Focus 4, 7-8-9 (September 30, 1989b): 1-3.

Pratt, Bob. “The Truth About the ‘Ellsworth Case.'” MUFON UFO Journal 191 (January 1984) 6-9. ‘

Scully, Frank. Behind the Flying Saucers. New York: Henry Holt, 1950,

Scully, Frank. “What I’ve Learned Since Writing ‘Behind the Flying Saucers.'” Pageant 6 (February 1951): 76-81.

Steinman, William S., with Wendelle C. Stevens. UFO Crash at Aztec: A Well Kept Secret. Tucson, AZ: UFO Photo Archives, 1986.

Stringfield, Leonard H. “Status Report on Alleged Alien Cadaver Photos.” MUFON UFO Journal 154 (December 1980): 11-16.

Todd, Robert G. “MJ-12 Rebuttal.” MUFON UFO Journal 261 (January 1990): 17-20.


Extraterrestrial Biological Entities (edited)
Accessed 16 January 2019

A gate in the Wall: Democratic Traditions

“Yet across the gulf of space, minds that are to our minds as ours are to those of the beasts that perish, intellects vast and cool and unsympathetic, regarded this earth with envious eyes, and slowly and surely drew their plans against us.”
— H. G. Wells (1898), The War of the Worlds

Heaven's Gate 20 Years Later: 10 Things You Didn't Know – Rolling ...

“Same as it ever was” Heaven’s Gate – Nobody left behind. Image source:

Heaven’s Gate Writings of this famous UFO-oriented spiritual group which committed mass suicide in 1996.

Years after their mass suicide made headlines across the world, Heaven’s Gate, [like the Democratic Party] is still one of the most notorious cults of the 20th century – not to mention one of the most recognizable in the 21st.

See Also:
Brad Phillips on Heaven’s Gate | The Editorial Magazine
Heaven’s Gate 20 Years Later: 10 Things You Didn’t Know
Extraterrestrial Biological Entities

More Liberal Media Cultification (here)
ABC, CBS Jump for Joy Over Dem Takeover; ‘A New Era’ Causing ‘An Earthquake in Trump World’

Heaven's Gate - Nobody left behind

Heaven’s Gate – Nobody left behind. Artwork by Jonny Negron. Image source:

Ars Moriendi 2.0: Brad Phillips on Heaven’s Gate

Six days after the attack on the World Trade Center, a day we’ve been somehow forced to refer to as 9/11, German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, speaking at a Hamburg musical festival, called the event “the greatest work of art imaginable for the whole cosmos.” People did not like this. But, Stockhausen was not alone. He may have been alone in seeing it as the greatest work of art, but not in seeing it as art.

Others had viewed the unheimlich spectacle of two aircrafts slicing through steel columns in the sky like hot knives through butter, as an aesthetic perfection. His error was in vocalizing that sentiment. Tragedy needs time. In comedy, a good joke about a bad thing is often formulated as the equation Tragedy + Time = Laughs. For some people though, a really funny joke shortens the distance between tragedy and comedy. In that narrow space lays the disquieting wrongness that can give birth to ashamed laughter. Stockhausen however wasn’t a comedian. He was opening his mouth in front of the wrong audience. What is the right audience, and are you a member?

It’s true that others saw the events that took place in New York that September morning as a visually stimulating display. This does not mean they didn’t also see the tragedy and the suffering. The audience in Hamburg did not allow for those reactions to exist co-instantaneously. Perhaps some quietly did, but they were the minority. The majority could not, because their minds were more affected by empathy and dismay.

For the audience that was capable of seeing the beauty in such a tragic event, their response was one they also could not help: their minds were more affected by beauty and spectacle.

I am a fan of the joke told too soon. In fact, I don’t believe in the idea of a “too soon” moment to begin with. And on that morning, working at a bank on Front Street in Toronto, I found myself unwillingly struck by the aesthetic beauty of something I also recognized was tragic and horrific. Throughout that week, I watched the footage play unceasingly on television. My sense of sadness, my participation in a global mourning experience, vanished quickly. What persisted was an inability to stop seeing two jet planes disappear inside of impenetrable steel monoliths as a perfect, unprecedented artistic singularity.

Grief has a brief life-span when it’s generated by strangers through the media. Things unseen by human eyes made manifest, I learned that day, have incredible staying power. Nonetheless, the suffering that occurred on September 11th, and more importantly perhaps, the much greater suffering that followed concomitantly—that persists today while I write this—makes it difficult to view the attack on the World Trade Center as a work of art. Luckily, there is another example of an uncanny event—unintended as art, yet resembling it very much—that we can look to without the need to feel guilty. An event where there truly were no victims, where everyone involved was a willing participant. Where, in fact, the “tragedy” that transpired was felt to be a beautiful, liberating, and religious experience.

The 20th anniversary of the Heaven’s Gate cult mass suicide passed without a mention, much to my surprise, March 19th through the 21st of this year. It’s a three-day anniversary because the deaths spanned seventy-two hours. I would contend that Heaven’s Gate is the only truly genuine cult in history—where the leader was not a sexual deviant, a con-artist, a profiteer, or a CIA operative—because those in charge felt as much conviction in their admittedly absurd belief system as even the lowliest adherent. Where during the mass suicide, the leader did not survive or leave the country, but in fact was not even the last to die. Marshall Applewhite, terrifying as his face may have been, went with other male members of the cult to Mexico to undergo castration precisely to signal his sincere commitment to their shared beliefs. A Mexican castration is an undeniable expression of fidelity. To understand the unique status of Heaven’s Gate—almost forty people from all over the world living in a gated community in San Diego, pooling their funds, building websites for people outside of their world to pay for their food and lodging—it’s important to look at other cults and (and so-called “cults”) familiar to most of us.

The Jonestown Massacre in 1978 is generally accepted as having been the mass suicide of the People’s Temple cult. It takes very little research to discover that Jonestown itself, a community set up in Guyana with funds from the CIA, was a massive experiment in mind control operated far from prying legislative eyes by drug-addled, long-time CIA operative Jim Jones. Over eighty percent of the “cult members” were forcefully injected with cyanide or shot in the head, not because of any religious timeline, but because an American congressman had brought journalists to Guyana to investigate the community after complaints from relatives of cult members. That congressman, Leo Ryan, was shot and killed along with members of the media by Guyanese paramilitary officers (and people described as looking “American”) before their plane could leave the tarmac with members desperate to escape the community. The massacre began immediately after that event, so that Jonestown’s true purpose would not be discovered. As occurred after the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah building in Oklahoma City in 1995, witnesses describe seeing government officials, with black tape over the signifying patches on their jackets, collecting scores of documents to be loaded into trucks before allowing first responders to attend to the dead and dying.

Certain followers of Shoko Asahara’s Aum Supreme Truth cult in Japan (perpetrators of the Tokyo Subway sarin attacks) were seen as having participated in some small-scale joint suicide. In truth, they were tortured and manipulated. Asahara sold his bathwater to his followers, ex- scientists and doctors, who had handed over all their money to him so that he could furnish his lavish house, replete with tigers, and clothe himself in the finest silk robes. He had numerous previous arrests for fraud.

Many members of The Order of the Solar Temple committed suicide, but were doing so under the tutelage of Joseph Di Mambro, to whom they had given all their money. Di Mambro was a longtime con-artist with numerous arrests, who had a particularly persuasive and hypnotic personality, and had studied techniques for brainwashing while serving a stint in prison.

David Koresh and the Branch Davidians may have been doomsday-oriented, but so are the Jehovah’s Witnesses. Not a cult, but a religious community which splintered off from the Seventh-day Adventists and had a history dating back almost one-hundred years. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, suffering from bad PR due to the murders they committed at Ruby Ridge, were looking for a way to restore their image. Designating the Branch Davidians a cult allowed them to utilize the language of fear that justified gassing—and picking off with sniper fire—over one hundred men, women, and (mostly) children; all peaceful Christians who had come from all over the world to hear the teachings of the particular prophet.

The Family—previously The Children of God, in which River Phoenix and his siblings were raised—is one of the more notorious cults and still thriving today, littered with suicides, predominantly by members who left and could not bear to live with the memories of their time within the cult (a survivor’s website lists over 120 suicides as of April 24th 2017). It existed simply as a way for “Moses David” David Berg to rationalize his pedophilia, and have access to children. Preaching that he had a direct line with God, Berg wanted people to know that God had told him children were extraordinarily sexual creatures. He encouraged parents to have sex with their children, and children with their siblings. Essentially, he preached that God wanted everyone fucking children and children fucking each other. Berg spent much of his time watching, observing, and teaching the proper way to make love. He also, of course, as the conduit to God, had sexual access to everyone within his flock.

In 2000, 778 members of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God died in Uganda (if you have only heard of them now, with only a slightly smaller number of dead than Jonestown, think about why) but, were found in mass graves covered in stab wounds and strangulation marks. Which would be a noble and heroic technique for suicide, were it not just murder committed at the hand of a delusional narcissist.

There are hundreds more. Some exist as simple Ponzi schemes, some stay below the radar, like the Gloriavale Christian Community in New Zealand, where twelve-year-old girls are married off to seventy-year old men. There are essentially only two types of cult leaders: narcissists on the psychopathic spectrum who establish cults for financial and psychological benefits, and pedophiles who create a vast and convincing belief system which allows them access to the children of their followers. Look hard, and you will have great difficulty finding any other cult that does not fit into either of these two categories.

There is a third category, although it is still helmed by either a pedophile or narcissistic con-artist. This category of cult can always be traced with some diligence, and the reading of actual paper books, to having been established and funded by the Central Intelligence Agency. But I’m not a conspiracy theorist. I’m interested in cults. Because cults offer something I myself have searched for my entire life, predominantly in ways deleterious to my health and the well-being of those who love me—they offer the elimination of thought, of free will. Cults exist as complexly imagined narratives—and doomsday cults exist as highly imagined narratives that justify ending one’s own life. Cults are religion for those that need a real god, not God.

Marshall Applewhite appears to be the only cult leader who was neither a sociopath nor pedophile—he more resembled someone with a perception disorder who had truly come to believe in the insane story he told himself about how this world operates. There are no stories of him abusing his followers, no sexual transgressions; he did not ask his members to give him all their money so he could he live differently than they did. He was a fanatic, and a seemingly beneficent one.

The members of Heaven’s Gate all had the same bowl haircut. They all wore the same clothing. They all spoke with the same cadence and assurance. Interviews with members are startling in that they are incredibly serene. This serenity, which may be related to having had their own free will beautifully stripped from them, is also a symptom of knowing that they will die. Their faces resemble those of people who have just heard good news when they were expecting otherwise. The corollary between the relief of knowing you will live, and the relief of knowing you will die—both register as peacefulness.

So, believing that a spaceship was hidden behind the imminent Hale-Bopp comet that would take all members to a “level beyond human,” beginning on March 19th, 1997, thirty-eight people, plus leader Marshall Applewhite—all with Fordian efficiency—committed suicide over the course of three days. Each member took a combination of phenobarbital mixed with apple sauce and vodka. All were wearing identical brand new Nike Decade sneakers, square purple cloths covering their faces and bodies. They secured plastic bags over their heads after they ingested the cocktail. They were all found lying peacefully in bunkbeds. Those who died on the first day were cleaned up and put away by those who died on the second, as in turn was done on the third day by the remaining few. Applewhite was the third last to die—the remaining two women who assisted him were the only ones found without bags over their heads. This points to the helpfulness and complicity of every member in assisting each other to exit the planet. All members wore “Heaven’s Gate Away Team” arm patches. Of the 38, one member, Thomas Nichols, was the brother of Nichelle Nichols, who played Uhura in Star Trek. Each dead person had in their pocket a five-dollar bill and three quarters. This was the toll they had estimated would be required for passage into the next life.

Richard Ford, a member of Heaven’s Gate, left the group with permission from Applewhite, only so that he could survive and disseminate the videos and beliefs of the group after they had “evacuated planet Earth before it was recycled.” Later in 1997, two members who had left earlier, Wayne Cooke and Charlie Humphreys, entered into a suicide pact similar to the one enacted in the San Diego house. Humphreys survived but was successful in ending his life the following year.

Nobody left behind to spend the hoarded money. Nobody in prison. Nobody massacred by the ATF. Nobody secreted away by the Central Intelligence Agency. Over those three days everyone died, and did so willingly, with the entrenched belief that this was a spiritual decision. Atypical for suicide, they died happy. For these reasons and many others, I feel confident that these sci-fi loving nerds, with the strong ability to swallow bullshit fantasy narratives, were members of the only true cult mass suicide in history.

How beautiful it was though, the video shot by the first officer on scene. On tape he can be heard making that most postmodern claim—“it looks like something from a movie”—a phrase that was repeated in the weeks following 9/11. And it did look like a movie to me, but perhaps not in the same way as it did for Officer Chuck Curtis—it looked like a movie I wished I’d made.

Unlike the beauty some saw in New York that September morning, in San Diego nobody was harmed. Applewhite made a video during the suicides beaming, with others about to die smiling behind him, exclaiming, “They’re excited! We’re all excited to leave!”

There was an element of installation art. The identical brand new shoes. The purple cloths lying triangularly across the bodies. The matching bunkbeds. The consistency of the postures of the bodies. The almost unbelievably juvenile armbands and sci-fi accoutrements. Were I to see what the police videos showed in the setting of a museum, I would be moved, and I would be visually pleased.

Good art should do that—should make us feel something, an emotion we don’t have language for, and it should be beautiful—as subjective as that word is. The images from those three days in San Diego do both of those things. It also shares with 9/11 a sense of the uncanny, a certain inscrutability that the mind cannot register, which elevates good art to great art.

For twenty years, I thought I was alone in my feelings about what happened, or at least part of a small community, until discovering very recently that Heaven’s Gate lives on, with a replica display at the San Diego Sheriff’s Museum in Old Town. Perhaps those in charge of the police museum had different motives for creating a miniature diorama of the events. What that motive might have been escapes me, unless they felt as I did, but needed to frame it differently. Public awareness campaign? Beware of cults, Nike Decade sneakers, purple fabric? I know that it’s the only mass suicide that’s ever been reproduced by the police as an object which serves only to be looked at the way we look at art. I don’t believe in coincidences, and that’s a very strange one.

The Editorial Magazine (edited)
Reposted on 16 January 2019

In their defense against psychological attacks on their freedom, the people need humor and good sense first. Consistent approval or silent acceptance of any terror-provoking strategy will result only in the downfall of our democratic system. Confusion undermines confidence. In a country like ours, where it is up to the voting public to discern the truth, a universal knowledge of the methods used by the demagogue to deceive or to lull the public is absolutely necessary. -–Joost A. M. Meerloo, M.D. (1956).

Waco siege

Waco siege. April 19, 1993

Priorities – Dealing with what’s really important, or something

30 Democrats in Puerto Rico with 109 lobbyists for weekend despite shutdown

Meanwhile… Their employees are going without a paycheck and they are living it up at a resort.

“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”

Some 30 Democratic lawmakers left the government shutdown behind Friday on a chartered flight to Puerto Rico for a winter retreat with 109 lobbyists and corporate executives during which they planned to see the hit Broadway show “Hamilton” and attend three parties including one with the show’s cast.

Those attending the Congressional Hispanic Caucus BOLD PAC winter retreat in San Juan planned to meet with key officials to discuss the cleanup after Hurricane Maria at a roundtable Saturday.

But the weekend is packed with free time for the members and their families on the trip.

“We are excited for you to join us for CHC BOLD PAC’s 2019 Winter Retreat in San Juan, Puerto Rico! Each year, this retreat serves as a way for our CHC BOLD PAC Members and friends in the D.C. community to come together to escape the cold and discuss our shared priorities for a stronger and more prosperous country,” said a memo on the trip.

Some 109 lobbyists and corporate executives are named in the memo, a rate of 3.6 lobbyists for every member. They include those from several big K Street firms, R.J. Reynolds, Facebook, Comcast, Amazon, PhRMA, Microsoft, Intel, Verizon, and unions like the National Education Association.

Screen Shot 2019-01-11 at 7.25.54 PM.png
Screen shot from BOLD PAC memo.

The event is taking place in a seaside resort where rooms go for $429 a night. Food is being provided.

Spotted: Sen. Bob Menendez on the beach at a resort in Puerto Rico on Day 22 of the partial government shutdown. Reports say dozens of Dems are in PR for the CHC BOLD PAC winter retreat — including meetings on Maria cleanup, and a party with PR’s “Hamilton” cast.
— David McAlpine (@DavidMcAlpine) January 12, 2019

BOLD PAC, the political arm of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, chartered a 737 for members, their families, and chiefs of staff to attend the weekend. The memo said the weather will be a balmy 80 degrees. The dress code is “resort casual.”

A spokesman would not identify the members, but Secrets obtained a list that included several congressional leaders. On the list was Speaker Nancy Pelosi, but an official in her office said that she did not make the trip.

Neither did Assistant Speaker Ben Ray Lujan, a spokeswoman said Saturday.

“This year’s winter retreat promises to be our most widely attended yet with over 220 guests, including 39 Members of Congress and CHC BOLD PAC supporters expected to attend and participate!” said the planning memo.

The trip represented the largest congressional delegation to Puerto Rico since the September 2017 hurricane and members were to spend part of their time focused on that issue, according to the schedule.

In addition, their chartered jet carried 250 pounds of donated medical supplies.

But the junket comes at an awkward time, on the day 800,000 federal workers did not receive their first paycheck of the shutdown, with many worried about basic living expenses like food.

Bold PAC Chair Rep. Tony Cardenas said in a statement: “House Democrats voted to open the government multiple times; sadly, Senate Republicans and President Trump are continuing to put partisan politics ahead of our country, forcing the government to remain shut down. As our Bold PAC members make their way to Puerto Rico for this important weekend — the largest contingency of House Democrats to visit Puerto Rico where they’ll be hearing from Commonwealth and local elected officials about the ongoing recovery efforts — we will be closely monitoring the situation in Washington. If there is any progress by Senate Republicans or the White House to reopen the federal government, then we will act accordingly.”

He added: “This gathering was planned months before Trump decided to shut down the federal government for his unnecessary and costly border wall. The purpose of hosting Bold PAC’s retreat in Puerto Rico is to see and hear from the more than 3.5 million American citizens who have been working tirelessly to rebuild their lives on the Island after Hurricane Maria. This remains a national priority, and it is necessary for us to be there and honor our fellow American children, seniors, veterans, men and women.”

We’re on the ground in #PuertoRico prepping for this major gathering. The island is still reeling for Trump’s failures. There are displaced in need. We need Congress to act. @latinovictoryus

Latino Democrats to make show of new strength in Puerto Rico
— Cristobal Alex (@CristobalJAlex) January 10, 2019

The members paid for Hamilton tickets on their own. The party with the cast is sponsored by Latino Victory, a Democratic political action committee.

They are scheduled to see the show Sunday and return home at 4:45 p.m. Monday.

Cristobal J. Alex, the president of Latino Victory, tweeted that the gathering will focus on the island’s recovery. “We’re on the ground in #PuertoRico prepping for this major gathering. The island is still reeling for Trump’s failures. There are displaced in need. We need Congress to act. @latinovictoryus,” he tweeted.

[Byline Paul Bedard]

Washington Examiner (edited)
11 January 2019

Cults need a constant stream of new victims in order to finance the charismatic leadership lifestyles. So…if you run into an organization that is constantly having recruitment drives to get people to come listen to an infomercial where they’re asked to give money at the end…don’t go there. You know what’s going to happen, and it only ends well for the charismatic leadership…assuming they don’t get too drunk on power and do something crazy.

Here is an ultimate example of how Orwell’s “Animal Farm’s” pigs’ systematic abuse of logic and language is being used. Certainly it is possible to misread any word, for instance, using the word “justice,” or “equal” as a relative term rather than an absolute one, meaning that there can be different degrees of “justice or equal”-ness, just as there can be different degrees of color. Once such a misreading of this nature is embedded, it becomes no more absurd to say “more just” or  “more equal” than to say that a personal choice is a human race. It is by these small, almost imperceptible incremental steps such as this, the core ideals of Animal Farm—and any human nation— increasingly become corrupted.

“The enemy of the moment always represented absolute evil, and it followed that any past or future agreement with him was impossible.” — George Orwell, “1984”

Updating Self-defense and Self-protection: Deadly Force Technology

“Power is a weed that grows in the vacant lot of an abandoned mind.” Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged

The truth of the matter is again being revealed, what we continue to see is yet another act of war noticeable to all except the anti-American enemy sympathizers residing in the Halls of government, along with it’s bureaucrats, and the sociopaths within congress that fully enable it.

Every president in my lifetime has made it a big deal to arm the rebels and send weapons to the oppressed in every third world shithole on the planet. When assholes are shooting at us, our leaders want to restrict our access to guns and ban them out right. As well as bring more of these assholes into our country unvetted and without proper controls. Washington D.C. whose side are you on?  —Delta 21

Breaking The Deadlock – Machine Gun Tactics of WWI

The machine-gun was possibly the most valuable weapon in defining the fighting of WWI. Its massive firepower devastated infantry formations and virtually eradicated the use of cavalry. It was one of the weapons that forced both sides into deeply dug defensive positions on the Western Front, leading to four years of virtually static warfare.

It was also a weapon that, when properly used, helped to break the deadlock in 1918.

Here are four ways that machine-guns were deployed during the war.

The Defensive Nest

The most prominent and effective use of machine-guns was in defensive positions.

All along the trench lines, machine-gun teams dug in, protecting themselves with defensive nests. Like the rest of the lines, they were dug out of the dirt and reinforced with sandbags or whatever other materials could be found. Sheltering behind a solid mass of earth, troops were protected from the direct fire of their enemies.

Careful positioning of machine-gun nests allowed a small number of guns to protect a relatively large part of the line. Enfilading fire let them defend each other against an enemy assault. As infantry advanced, the machine-guns opened fire. They had a devastating effect on soldiers crossing the exposed ground of no man’s land. If they got bogged down in the shell-torn and muddy ground or tangled in dense patches of barbed wire, they were sitting ducks.

Inevitably, machine-gun positions became prime targets for the bombardments that preceded an assault although it was seldom enough to counter their effect. As long as a few nests survived, their troops emerged from cover, man their guns, and unleash their hail of death.

Static Support for an Advance

The machine-guns in use at the start of the war were too heavy and cumbersome to be carried and fired by advancing troops.

It was not just the guns themselves. To function they needed tripods for stability, water for cooling, barrels to replace those worn out by heavy fire, and massive quantities of ammunition. Carrying everything during an assault was impossible.

The armies found ways to use heavy machine-guns to support advances. Gunners were trained to fire over the heads of their own infantry, relying on gravity for the bullets to reach the enemy. It was of little comfort to the troops who worried that a stray round might hit them in the back.

Such supporting fire was most effective when concentrated and well planned. An exemplary case was the work of the British 100th Machine-Gun Company at High Wood during the Battle of the Somme.

On August 24, 1916, an infantry attack was launched in High Wood. It was supported by the Company’s ten Vickers machine-guns. Before the offensive, the guns had been strategically placed in the Savoy Trench. The soldiers were given pre-determined targets, each one chosen to support the infantry in their advance and to prevent a German counter-attack. Two companies of infantry were used to supply enough ammunition for the guns.

As the attack began, the Vickers guns opened fire. They continued firing for the next twelve hours. Every hour, the barrels were changed due to the wear and tear of constant use. Loaders and gunners were replaced throughout the day. The ten guns fired nearly a million rounds.

With such firepower, in the right circumstances, the machine-gun could be a useful offensive weapon.

Countering Counter-Attacks

Remaining back during initial assaults, machine-guns were moved forward during the follow-up action.

Having taken a trench line, troops hastily tried to secure it. They were at their most vulnerable immediately after an attack, while the defenses still faced back toward their own lines. Hurried adjustments were made, shifting firing steps and defensive works to confront the enemy. During that time and until they were connected to their own side’s defensive network, they were vulnerable to counter-attack.

Just as machine-guns were deadly in preventing an attack, they could effectively halt a counter-attack. Once enemy lines had been taken, the machine-guns were hurried forward. It was easier with lighter machine-guns, but once a position was secured, heavy machine-guns could also move up. They then provided the cover needed while infantry settled in and rebuilt the captured defenses.

Storm Troops

The introduction of light machine-guns in the middle of the war allowed them to be carried in an assault. Troops advanced in a series of short rushes, each unit in turn advancing, taking cover, and then providing covering fire for the next.

The Germans took the tactic to its powerful conclusion with their Sturmtruppen or storm troopers. Instead of providing light machine-guns to support all infantry units, they concentrated them in elite groups. The storm troopers were also equipped with plentiful hand grenades. The concentrated power of both weapons enabled storm troopers to punch through Allied lines during the spring offensives of 1918.

The innovation did not stop with concentrating the destructive power in those units. Instead of seizing enemy trenches and stopping to hold ground, they broke through and continued moving into their enemy’s vulnerable rear. Their firepower sent rear line units reeling, forcing the enemy to pull back. Meanwhile, follow-up formations occupied the ground the storm troopers had taken.

The new machine-gun-based tactics turned the war back into one of movement. For three years, machine-guns had ensured static battles. In the final months, they brought movement back.

Christopher Chant (1986), The New Encyclopedia of Handguns
Ian Westwell (2008), World War I

The Sub-Machine Gun – A New Kind Of Weapon For A New Kind Of War

Born from Trenches

WWI created a new sort of fighting. Weapons that could deliver high volumes of fire were essential to defending trenches. If they could be made more portable, they would also be invaluable in attacking them.

The result was the sub-machine gun, an attempt to combine the automatic fire of unwieldy machine-guns with the convenient portability of automatic pistols. With the war consuming lives and resources on a massive scale, the race to get such a weapon into action was on.

Pistol-Power Rounds

Early sub-machine guns carried light rounds designed for pistols. If they had used the type of ammunition fired by rifles or machine-guns, the recoil would have been too much to manage.

No Need for Range or Accuracy

Firing pistol rounds from an automatic weapon resulted in them being inaccurate and having little range. It did not matter for their initial purpose of being carried into enemy trenches and used to unleash a mass of fire at close range. It was a shock weapon to be used in assaults. The number of bullets fired was far more important than their accuracy.
First Used in the Air

The first weapon to come close was the Villar Perosa. A double-barrelled Italian weapon, it was first used in 1915. It had been designed for use on aircraft, which were being equipped with weapons for the first time. The Italian military realized it could also be useful for fighting on the ground. They fitted it to bipods, tripods, trucks, and bicycles to provide mobile firepower.

Early Drawbacks

The Villar Perosa was a big leap forward, but it had its faults. Most importantly, it fired 9 mm Glisenti rounds. Unlike the 9 mm Parabellum round, the cartridge lacked power and was a poor choice for a weapon meant to shock and devastate.

The extremely high rate of fire of the Villar Perosa was also problematic. Each of its two barrels shot at a rate of 1,200 rounds per minute. Using 25-round magazines, it required a lot of reloading with not a lot of control of ammunition.

The First True Sub-Machinegun

The Germans produced what is widely seen as the first real sub-machine gun – the Maschinenpistole 18 (MP18). Created by Theodor Bergmann and his design team, work on the MP18 began in 1915, but it did not enter full production until 1918.

Firing 9 mm Parabellum rounds at a rate of 450 rounds per minute, the MP18 provided the short-range firepower that was required. It carried a 32-round magazine and weighed less than 12 lbs when fully loaded.

Grand Plans

The Germans planned to equip 10% of their troops with sub-machine guns, but they could not produce enough. Instead, the guns were used by crack storm trooper units. Combined with light machine-guns and grenades, they turned soldiers into a deadly fighting force.

Shaping the War

The storm troopers and their MP18s shaped the end of WWI. They punched through the Allied lines in the spring offensives of 1918, creating a war of movement for the final months of the conflict.
Salvaging the Villar Perosa

At Italy’s Beretta factory, Tulio Marengoni found a way to improve the Villar Perosa’s potential. By separating the two barrels, he transformed it into a weapon for an individual soldier. Although not perfected in time for WWI, the Model 38 was one of the best sub-machine guns of WWII.

Refining the MP18

Following WWI, the Germans were permitted only a few sub-machine guns for their police forces. They remained interested in improving the MP18 and designers refined it through a series of different weapons, including adding single-shot options. During WWII, German troops were carrying the MP38, which together with the MP40 proved to be reliable weapons for that war.

The Thompson Trench Broom

Invented by General John Thompson in 1918, the Thompson gun, also known as the “trench broom” or the “Tommy gun” was designed specifically for trench warfare. By the time it was ready for action, the war was over, but the Tommy gun became iconic. With its drum magazine full of 0.45-inch pistol ammunition, it became a symbol of bootlegging gangsters.

The M1

A redesign of the Thompson gun, the M1, or M1A1, was used by the US military during WWII. Its box magazine and simpler blowback mechanism made it a more practical weapon in the field.

Sten – the Choice of the Resistance

One of the most widely used sub-machine guns of WWII was the British Sten. Designed in 1940 by H. J. Turpin and Major R. V. Shepherd, it was a cheap, practical weapon. The Sten fired 9 mm ammunition from a 32-round box magazine.

Being cheap and easy to make, the Sten was provided in large numbers to British troops. It was also sent abroad to resistance forces to help them in their fight against the Nazis.

Making Guns Under Siege

During WWII, the Russian city of Leningrad was besieged by the Germans for over two years. During that time, the Soviets inside the city designed and produced the PPS-42 sub-machine gun. A variation on an existing model, the PPS-42 was light, simple, and had a good rate of fire.

Eclipsed by the Assault Rifle

The end of WWII saw the sub-machine gun eclipsed by the assault rifle as a front-line weapon. Sub-machine guns remained in use, but the logistics of deploying assault rifles were easier – an important factor in war.

Christopher Chant (1986), The New Encyclopedia of Handguns
Martin Marix Evans (2002), Over the Top: Great Battles of the First World War
William Weir (2006), 50 Weapons that Changed Warfare
Wikipedia – accessed May 24, 2017

Breaking The Deadlock – Machine Gun Tactics of WWI
The Sub-Machine Gun – A New Kind Of Weapon For A New Kind Of War
[Byline Andrew Knighton]

War History Online (edited)
15 November 2017

Reposted 12 January 2019

See Also
MCWP 3-15.1: Machine Guns And Machine Gun Gunnery
HeyJackass!Illustrating Chicago Values – Gun/Crime Stats
Gun control

Repeatedly we find that unconscious primitive habits are projected onto scapegoats in various parts of the world. Projection of one’s own criminality takes place everywhere, as though the accusation partly satisfies personal bloodthirsty longings. –A.M. Meerloo M.D.

A Couple of Reminders – Part II

Biological Leninism

The following is an edited repost of the article found on The Bloody Shovel Blog, as posted by spandrell”  on November 14, 2017.

This is the first of three essays on the topic of Biological Leninism, the organizational principle of the contemporary left. You can find the second part here, and the third part here.

It’s 100 years now since the Russian Revolution. The Soviet Union. Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Leninism. It’s been 100 years already, but you realize how present the whole thing remains when you look at the press these days. People are still praising or damning the revolution. As if it mattered anymore. As if it were something more than history. As if the left and right of today had remotely anything in common with the left and right of Lenin’s day.

I won’t praise Lenin, an evil man. But great men are often quite evil. I’m not very interested in Lenin, the man; but I’m very interested in Leninism. Lenin is very dead (if not yet buried, I wonder what Putin is waiting for); but Leninism is quite alive. And the Western press has just realized that China, the second power in the world, in place to become the first in a few years, is a Leninist state. It’s taken 5 years of Xi Jinping shouting every day about the Leninist orthodoxy of the Communist Party of China for people to realize. Now the West is scared.

The West is scared because Leninism is effective. Yes, sure, the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991; but lasting 74 years is no mean feat. And at any rate, the very establishment of the Soviet Union was a superhuman feat. It was something amazing, and amazed was the whole intelligentsia of the Western world for many decades. The kind of people who read my blog might not realize this, but Marxism was huge. Still is, really. Marxism completely captured the intellectual classes of the whole world for over a century. In China it’s still the official orthodoxy, taught in schools. In the West it’s still with us, if in the morphed form of Cultural Marxism.

It’s a staple of the right to speculate about why intellectuals hate capitalism. Reagan had a lot of quips about it. As usual, the right was good at cracking jokes, but it just never understood the problem. Which is why it lost, and keeps losing, and now we have gay marriage and black transexuals running for office.

To understand Marxism you have to understand the world Marx lived in. 1848. The Liberal Revolutions. Europe had gone a long way since feudalism, through the absolutist wars of the 17th century, the rise of the modern state, and then the series of liberal revolutions starting in France in 1789 all up to 1848. A common thread on all this history is the rise of the bureaucratic state. Feudalism is a very natural form of government. It’s basically transposing the hierarchy of a conquering army into peacetime. China started like that, 1046 BC. The German tribes that conquered Western Rome also run like that. The king at war becomes the king at peace. The generals become counts. The colonels become earls. Everyone gets a peace of land, a set of rules of behavior, a set of duties of fealty.

It works pretty well at keeping loyalty. It’s not perfect, of course, after generations pass, the original ties of loyalty between army buddies aren’t quite the same. But it worked reasonably well. Feudalism in both China and Europe lasted about 1,000 years. The problem with feudalism is that it’s really hard to get anything done. It’s hard to raise taxes, it’s hard to get anything built. Everybody is very zealous about their inherited status and they won’t tolerate the smallest change. Then the Ottomans come in and the most free and decentralized Kingdom of Hungary is slaughtered at Mohacs.

A state, like any organization, but even more so, wants to get things done. It wants to grow, expand its power and influence. And so feudalism led to absolutism. And absolutism led to liberalism. Liberal states were strong, had armies of bureaucrats and tax revenues that feudal states could only dream of. But while they were effective, they were a mess. Feudalism is good at generating loyalty. Liberalism is awful at that. And loyalty is very important. The fundamental problem of politics is the distinction between friend and foe, said Schmitt. A friend is someone who is loyal.

The 19th century, which destroyed the Ancien Regime in Europe, was an economic and scientific golden era, but politically it was a mess. A revolution every decade, governments which lasted months, huge scandals every week. Elections were a violent and chaotic affair. If anything got done at all it was because the political chaos gave way to economic freedom, and the private sector got things done. A lot of things done. But the intellectuals weren’t cool with that. Intellectuals are always the reserve army of the bureaucracy. They want the government to get things done.

With all the scientific advances of the last centuries, the 18th and 19th century intellectuals were just brimming with excitement with all the things they could get done. All those plans of social engineering. Utopia on earth! It just seemed so feasible. And yet they could never pull it off through the political process. They just couldn’t pull it off. The politicians and bureaucrats just weren’t loyal enough. Constant factionalism and infighting made any real reform impossible.

Until Leninism, that is. Now Leninism is most likely mislabeled. Lenin did indeed found the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. But Lenin died in 1924. And the Soviet Union was still a huge mess in 1924. It was Stalin, general secretary of the CPSU since 1922 who, through the means we all know, really built the Communist Party and stabilized the Soviet government. Stalinism is used to refer to his brutal purges and his approach to criminal justice, but it would be more accurate to use Stalinism to refer to what we today call Leninism; the structure of rule of single-party Communist regimes.

Say what you will about the Soviet Union: the Communist Party was loyal. They got things done. Every crazy and stupid thing that the Politburo approved got done. Yes, it took a while to achieve that result. Stalin had to kill a lot of people. But it wasn’t through sheer terror and cruelty that the Communist Party worked. The Communist Party had a system. Which worked. It still works today in China. You might have noticed how people in the West today talk about China in these same terms. China gets things done, it does them fast and cheap. China got the world’s biggest high-speed rail system in the time that it takes to dig a tunnel in Boston. And for not that much more money. That’s not a coincidence. That’s Leninism at work.

Any country has a ruling class. What I call “loyalty” you could also call asabiya; the coherence of the ruling class as such. Their ability to stick with each other and gang up, keeping the structure of rule stable. Feudalism got that; the nobility was the ruling class, they formed a society very much separate from that of the peasants, and they took much care that their rule was never contested. The destruction of that world by enlightened liberals resulted in a ruling class which was orders of magnitude less cohesive and orderly. You might be a libertarian and think that is a good thing, and you may have a point. But any organization wants to fight entropy and ensure its stability and reproduction. Liberalism historically has shown itself incapable of that. Leninism was the first solution to that problem.

Leninism is, of course, applied socialism. Socialism was huge before Leninism was even a thing, and that Marxism was and is still popular is not due only to Soviet patronage. Socialism works by hacking the Social Calculus Module that humans have in our brains. Remember, humans care deeply about status. Status is what drives human behavior. Everybody works to achieve more status, and to avoid losing status. Socialism of course sells egalitarianism. It tells people with low status that they can get some more. The Industrial Revolution had forced millions of peasants into the cities, and they all felt they had lost status in the process. Economists will tell you that the standard of living of industrial workers (according to some measures) had actually improved. And that may be so, but the workers didn’t think so, and they were pissed.

So these socialists come by and tell them they have this plan to make them gain status, big time. That was huge. Yes, sure, Christianity had also started promising the meek that they were morally higher than rich people; they’d all go to heaven unlike those perfid rich guys. But that didn’t translate into actual, real-world status. Socialism was promising actual goods. And so it became huge. It’s still huge. It’s pretty much catnip for humans. It’s instant check-mate.

Socialism works not only because it promises higher status to a lot of people. Socialism is catnip because it promises status to people who, deep down, know they shouldn’t have it. There is such a thing as natural law, the natural state of any normally functioning human society. Basic biology tells us people are different. Some are more intelligent, more attractive, more crafty and popular. Everybody knows, deep in their lizard brains, how human mating works: women are attracted to the top dogs. Being generous, all human societies default to a Pareto distribution where 20% of people are high-status, and everyone else just has to put up with their inferiority for life. That’s just how it works.

Socialism though promised to change that, and Marx showed they had a good plan. Lenin then put that plan to work in practice. What did Lenin do? Exterminate the natural aristocracy of Russia, and build a ruling class with a bunch of low-status people. Workers, peasants, Jews, Latvians, Ukrainians. Lenin went out of his way to recruit everyone who had a grudge against Imperial Russian society. And it worked, brilliantly. The Bolsheviks, a small party with little popular support, won the civil war, and became the awesome Soviet Union. The early Soviet Union promoted minorities, women, sexual deviants, atheists, cultists and every kind of weirdo. Everybody but intelligent, conservative Russians of good families. The same happened in China, where e.g. the 5 provinces which formed the southern Mongolian steppe were joined up into “Inner Mongolia autonomous region”, what Sailer calls “consolidate and surrender”.

In Communist countries pedigree was very important. You couldn’t get far in the party if you had any little kulak, noble or landowner ancestry. Only peasants and workers were trusted. Why? Because only peasants and workers could be trusted to be loyal. Rich people, or people with the inborn traits which lead to being rich, will always have status in any natural society. They will always do alright. That’s why they can’t be trusted; the stakes are never high for them. If anything they’d rather have more freedom to realize their talents. People of peasant stock though, they came from the dregs of society. They know very well that all they have was given to them by the party. And so they will be loyal to the death, because they know it, if the Communist regime falls, their status will fall as fast as a hammer in a well. And the same goes for everyone else, especially those ethnic minorities.

Ethnics were tricky though, because they always had a gambit which could increase their status even further: independence. Which is why both Russia and China soon after consolidating the regime started to crack down on ethnics. Stalin famously purged Jews from the Politburo, used WW2 to restore most of the Tsar’s territory, and run such a Russia-centered state that to this day people in Kyrgyzstan speak Russian. The same in China, a little known fact of the Cultural Revolution was the huge, bloody purge in Mongolia and the destruction of many temples in Tibet. After that was done with, the Communist party became this strong, stable and smooth machine. The Soviet economy of course worked like shit, and that eventually resulted in the collapse of the system. But as China has shown, central planning is orthogonal to Leninist politics. China, of course, had to know. It had been running a centralized bureaucracy for thousands of years. Leninism was just completing the system.

So again, the genius of Leninism was in building a ruling class from scratch and making it cohesive by explicitly choosing people from low-status groups, ensuring they would be loyal to the party given they had much to lose. It worked so well it was the marvel of the intellectual classes of the whole world for a hundred years.

Meanwhile, what was the West doing? The West, that diehard enemy of worldwide Communism, led by the United States. What has been the American response to Leninism? Look around you. Read Vox. Put on TV. Ok, that’s enough. Who is high status in the West today? Women. Homosexuals. Transexuals. Muslims. Blacks. There’s even movements propping up disabled and fat people. What Progressivism is running is hyper Leninism. Biological Leninism.

When Communism took over Russia and China, those were still very poor, semi-traditional societies. Plenty of semi-starved peasants around. So you could run a Leninist party just on class resentments. “Never forget class-struggle”, Mao liked to say. “Never forget you used to be a serf and you’re not one now thanks to me”, he meant.

In the West, though, by 1945, when peace and order was enforced by the United States, the economy had improved to the point where class-struggle just didn’t work as a generator of loyalty. Life was good, the proletariat could all afford a car and even vacations. Traditional society was dead, the old status-ladders based on family pedigree and land-based wealth were also dead. The West in 1960 was a wealthy, industrial meritocratic society, where status was based on one’s talent, productivity and natural ability to schmooze oneself into the ruling class.

Of course liberal politics kept being a mess. No cohesion in a ruling class which has no good incentive to stick to each other. But of course the incentive is still out there. A cohesive ruling class can monopolize power and extract rents from the whole society forever. The ghost of Lenin is always there. And so the arrow of history kept bending in Lenin’s direction. The West started to build up a Leninist power structure. Not overtly, not as a conscious plan. It just worked that way because the incentives were out there for everyone to see, and so slowly we got it. Biological Leninism. That’s the nature of the Cathedral.

If you live in a free society, and your status is determined by your natural performance; then it follows that to build a cohesive Leninist ruling class you need to recruit those who have natural low-status. In any society, men have higher performance than women. They are stronger, they work harder, they have a higher variance, which means a fatter right tail in all traits (more geniuses); and they have the incentive to perform what the natural mating market provides. That’s the patriarchy for you. Now I don’t want to overstress the biology part here. It’s not the fact that all men are better workers than women. In a patriarchy there’s plenty of unearned status for men. But that’s how it works: the core of society is the natural performance of men; those men will naturally build a society which benefits them as men; some men free-ride on that, some women get a bad deal. Lots of structural inertia there. But the core is real.

To get to the point: in 1960 we had a white men patriarchy. That was perfectly natural. Every society with a substantial proportion of white men will end up being ruled by a cabal of white men. Much of its biology; part of it is also social capital, good cultural practices accumulated since the 15th century. White men just run stuff better. They are natural high-status. But again, nature makes for messy politics. There is no social value on acknowledging truth: everybody can see that. The signaling value is in lies. In the unnatural. As Moldbug put it:

in many ways nonsense is a more effective organizing tool than the truth. Anyone can believe in the truth. To believe in nonsense is an unforgeable demonstration of loyalty. It serves as a political uniform. And if you have a uniform, you have an army.

Or as the Chinese put it, point deer, make horse.

The point again is, that you can’t run a tight, cohesive ruling class with white men. They don’t need to be loyal. They’ll do ok anyway. A much easier way to run an obedient, loyal party is to recruit everyone else. Women. Blacks. Gays. Muslims. Transexuals. Pedophiles. Those people may be very high performers individually, but in a natural society ruled by its core of high performers, i.e. a white patriarchy, they wouldn’t have very high status. So if you promise them high status for being loyal to you; you bet they’re gonna join your team. They have much to gain, little to lose. The Coalition of the Fringes, Sailer calls it. It’s worse than that really. It’s the coalition of everyone who would lose status the better society were run. It’s the coalition of the bad. Literal Kakistocracy.

There’s a reason why there’s so many evil fat women in government. Where else would they be if government didn’t want them? They have nothing going on for them, except their membership in the Democratic party machine. The party gives them all they have, the same way the Communist party had given everything to that average peasant kid who became a middling bureaucrat in Moscow. And don’t even get me started with hostile Muslims or Transexuals. Those people used to be expelled or taken into asylums, pre-1960. Which is why American Progressivism likes them so much. The little these people have depends completely on the Left’s patronage. There’s a devil’s bargain there: the more naturally repulsive someone else, the more valuable it is as a party member, as its loyalty will be all the stronger. This is of course what’s behind Larry Auster’s First Law of minority relations: the worse a group behaves, the more the Left likes it.

This is also why the Left today is the same Left that was into Soviet Communism back in the day. What they approve of today would scandalize any 1920s Leftist. Even 1950s Leftist. But it’s all the same thing, following the same incentives: how to build a cohesive ruling class to monopolize state power. It used to be class struggle. Now it’s gender-struggle and ethnic struggle. Ethnic struggle works in America because immigrants have no territorial power base, unlike in Russia or China. So the old game of giving status to low-status minorities works better than ever. It works even better, unlike Lenin’s Russia, America has now access to every single minority on earth. Which is why the American left is busy importing as many Somalis as they can. The lowest performing minority on earth. Just perfect.

If you think it can’t get worse than transexuals or pedophiles, you’re really not understanding how this works. Look at this NYT article: a black woman, ex-con, convicted of murdering her own 4 year old son. She served 20 years in prison, which she spent studying sociology or something. After leaving prison, she applied to study a PhD at Harvard, which rejected her. Progressives were up in arms. How could you!

Go to the link, and look at that woman. Look at that face. She never expressed any remorse over killing her children. She lied about it in the PhD application. She disposed of the body and never told the cops where her son’s corpse is! This is utter and complete psycho. Nobody in their right mind would want anything to do with this woman. But that’s precisely the point. In most human societies before 1900 she would have been killed, legally or extralegally. But precisely this kind of person, someone who should in all justice be the lowest status person on earth; that’s exactly the people that the Left wants on its team. You can count on her extreme loyalty to any progressive idea that the party transmits to her. And so, yes, of course, she finally got her PhD, at New York University. And unlike 97% of PhD students out there, you can bet on her getting a full tenured professorship very soon.

Yes, it’s all madness, but it works. It really works like a charm. The richest parts of America, California and New York, are now a one-party state. America has legislation which forces every private enterprise of size to have a proportion of women, of black people and sexual deviants; who of course know they don’t belong there, and thus are extremely faithful political commissars. More faithful than the actual official political commissars that Communist China has also in their private companies.

And Biological Leninism is extremely powerful overseas too. The same way that Soviet Communism all had natural fifth-columns across the world, with industrial workers forming parties and all doing Moscow’s bidding across the West; American Biological Leninism is also an extremely strong means of agitation all over the world.

The United States has been the only superpower on earth since 1991. But that’s changing of late, with China’s growth into almost economic parity with the US, and Russia growing a pair, plenty of countries are now not following USG’s line. Southeast Asia is now pretty much China’s backyard. So now the United States is running an agitation campaign all over the world trying to undermine Chinese and Russian influence. As I’m most familiar with China, it’s very obvious what the USG line is. Appealing to women and homosexuals to become their fifth column. And it’s working. Every single article you see out there by a Chinese writing about how China should be more progressive (i.e. more American) is written by either a woman or a homosexual.

I read this article a while ago, which is infuriating. It’s about a particle accelerator that China is building. A Chinese-American writer interviews the head scientist there: and all she does is undermine his project, saying how Communist censorship means the whole project is tainted. The guy doesn’t get it. Why are you doing this to me, aren’t you a fellow Chinese?

No, she’s not. You know what she is? An ugly woman on her thirties. I know China well and ugly women on their thirties are very much not high-status in China today. Unlike in the West, where they’re the voluntary thought police, and you can’t even look at them. So of course any Chinese, or Russian, or Saudi, or Indonesian ugly woman in her thirties is, to the extent that she’s given access to US propaganda, going to become a fifth column against her country’s independence. And of course the same goes for ethnic minorities, the dumber the better. You want to get funding as a China expert in Western academia? You better be researching about Uyghurs or Tibetans. Those dumb and hostile minorities. So much more important than the oldest civilization on earth.

The question of course is how Biological Leninism is going to evolve. Both Soviet and Chinese Leninism changed a lot during their tenure. Stalin purged the party very hard, and after some decades, when all the memories of the pre-Soviet era were gone, and their power was secure, the CPSU started promoting high-performing (by the requirements of a political party, not a rocket science department, that is) Russian males. Which didn’t care much when the whole Soviet state collapsed. I guess they’re doing quite ok right now. Same in China: today the CPC is by no means a peasants and workers party. It’s a best-guy-of-the-class party. Loyalty is not ensured by the threat of landowners coming back to enserf them and their children; it’s ensured with a next-gen surveillance and propaganda apparatus. Note that both Russia and China kept class-struggle as the official ideology which everybody was (and is) forced to parrot incessantly to keep their jobs.

But exactly that is what makes it vulnerable to progressive attacks. I just blogged about how women and minorities have even less power than before in China. Let alone sexual deviants. No gay politicians in China. That alone makes a huge constituency, hundreds of million strong, of people in China that would prefer a Progressive government. That’s the people who America is now addressing, unlike the previous strategy of selling democracy and its free economy to the Chinese middle class. Those don’t look so good right now that the Chinese middle class arguably has a better standard of living that America’s. Certainly less stressful.

Let’s assume (hope) that America’s Coalition of the Fringes doesn’t succeed in destabilizing foreign countries. How is it going to evolve though? Again as I said, Russia and China both stopped their peasant kakistocracies after a few decades. But they already had a nominal single party dictatorship, and centuries of tradition of autocracy to feed upon. America is still 20 years away (if not 10) from a single party regime; and it has a tradition of adversarial democracy which makes it very hard to stop the ratchet. Even if it stopped, the ideology is already there. In the best-case scenario where a Democratic single-party regime gets its Stalin to purge the country of agitators and stabilize the regime, you still get 2020 rhetoric frozen as the state religion: women are sacred, can’t even joke about them, Islam is peace, transexuals get to retroactively change their birth certificates. It’s not okay to be white. White men get to run the country but they must parrot all this stuff 5 times a day, facing at the Great Zimbabwe.

Or Brazilification collapses the economy and everything goes to hell. Yeah, that’s more likely.

Bill de Blasio: ‘We Will Seize Their Buildings, and We Will Put Them in the Hands of a Community Nonprofit’-NYC’s mayor takes on private property (again).


Is this Input from a Madman?

“The more dangerous leftists, that is, those who are most power-hungry, are often characterized by arrogance or by a dogmatic approach to ideology. However, the most dangerous leftists of all may be certain over-socialized types who avoid irritating displays of aggressiveness and refrain from advertising their leftism, but work quietly and unobtrusively to promote collectivist values, “enlightened” psychological techniques for socializing children, dependence of the individual on the system, and so forth.”

“… These crypto-leftists (as we may call them) approximate certain bourgeois types as far as practical action is concerned, but differ from them in psychology, ideology and motivation. The ordinary bourgeois tries to bring people under control of the system in order to protect his way of life, or he does so simply because his attitudes are conventional. The crypto-leftist tries to bring people under control of the system because he is a True Believer in a collectivistic ideology. The crypto-leftist is differentiated from the average leftist of the over-socialized type by the fact that his rebellious impulse is weaker and he is more securely socialized. He is differentiated from the ordinary well-socialized bourgeois by the fact that there is some deep lack within him that makes it necessary for him to devote himself to a cause and immerse himself in a collectivity. And maybe his (well sublimated) drive for power is stronger than that of the average bourgeois.”

“In earlier revolutions, leftists of the most power-hungry type, repeatedly, have first cooperated with non-leftist revolutionaries, as well as with leftists of a more libertarian inclination, and later have double-crossed them to seize power for themselves. Robespierre did this in the French Revolution, the Bolsheviks did it in the Russian Revolution, the communists did it in Spain in 1938 and Castro and his followers did it in Cuba. Given the past history of leftism, it would be utterly foolish for non-leftist revolutionaries today to collaborate with leftists.” Excerpt from the Unabomber’s Manifesto (1995). ~Theodore John Kaczynski

Presently if leftists are not outright revealing themselves as Communists, they are calling themselves Social Democrats.

As for the plethora of political condiments available to the free citizen…

The ballot is still preferable to the cartridge.”  However…  Freedom is never negotiated. Unfortunately, it is and has always been won in battle.

Also, not to forget, the more ignorant the people become, the easier it is to enslave them.

A Couple of Reminders – Part I

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, “Godlessness: the First Step to the Gulag”. Templeton Prize Lecture, 10 May 1983 (London).

“Men Have Forgotten God”

The Templeton Address by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

More than half a century ago, while I was still a child, I recall hearing a number of older people offer the following explanation for the great disasters that had befallen Russia: Men have forgotten God; that’s why all this has happened.

Since then I have spent well-nigh fifty years working on the history of our Revolution; in the process I have read hundreds of books, collected hundreds of personal testimonies, and have already contributed eight volumes of my own toward the effort of clearing away the rubble left by that upheaval. But if I were asked today to formulate as concisely as possible the main cause of the ruinous Revolution that swallowed up some sixty million of our people, I could not put it more accurately than to repeat: Men have forgotten God; that’s why all this has happened.

What is more, the events of the Russian Revolution can only be understood now, at the end of the century, against the background of what has since occurred in the rest of the world. What emerges here is a process of universal significance. And if I were called upon to identify briefly the principal trait of the entire twentieth century, here too, I would be unable to find anything more precise and pithy than to repeat once again: Men have forgotten God.

The failings of human consciousness, deprived of its divine dimension, have been a determining factor in all the major crimes of this century.

The failings of human consciousness, deprived of its divine dimension, have been a determining factor in all the major crimes of this century. The first of these was World War I, and much of our present predicament can be traced back to it. It was a war (the memory of which seems to be fading) when Europe, bursting with health and abundance, fell into a rage of self-mutilation which could not but sap its strength for a century or more, and perhaps forever. The only possible explanation for this war is a mental eclipse among the leaders of Europe due to their lost awareness of a Supreme Power above them. Only a godless embitterment could have moved ostensibly Christian states to employ poison gas, a weapon so obviously beyond the limits of humanity.

The same kind of defect, the flaw of a consciousness lacking all divine dimension, was manifested after World War II when the West yielded to the satanic temptation of the “nuclear umbrella.” It was equivalent to saying: Let’s cast off worries, let’s free the younger generation from their duties and obligations, let’s make no effort to defend ourselves, to say nothing of defending others-let’s stop our ears to the groans emanating from the East, and let us live instead in the pursuit of happiness. If danger should threaten us, we shall be protected by the nuclear bomb; if not, then let the world burn in Hell for all we care. The pitifully helpless state to which the contemporary West has sunk is in large measure due to this fatal error: the belief that the defense of peace depends not on stout hearts and steadfast men, but solely on the nuclear bomb…

Today’ s world has reached a stage which, if it had been described to preceding centuries, would have called forth the cry: “This is the Apocalypse!”

Yet we have grown used to this kind of world; we even feel at home in it.

Dostoevsky warned that “great events could come upon us and catch us intellectually unprepared.” This is precisely what has happened. And he predicted that “the world will be saved only after it has been possessed by the demon of evil.” Whether it really will be saved we shall have to wait and see: this will depend on our conscience, on our spiritual lucidity, on our individual and combined efforts in the face of catastrophic circumstances. But it has already come to pass that the demon of evil, like a whirlwind, triumphantly circles all five continents of the earth…

By the time of the Revolution, faith had virtually disappeared in Russian educated circles; and amongst the uneducated, its health was threatened.

In its past, Russia did know a time when the social ideal was not fame, or riches, or material success, but a pious way of life. Russia was then steeped in an Orthodox Christianity which remained true to the Church of the first centuries. The Orthodoxy of that time knew how to safeguard its people under the yoke of a foreign occupation that lasted more than two centuries, while at the same time fending off iniquitous blows from the swords of Western crusaders. During those centuries the Orthodox faith in our country became part of the very pattern of thought and the personality of our people, the forms of daily life, the work calendar, the priorities in every undertaking, the organization of the week and of the year. Faith was the shaping and unifying force of the nation.

But in the 17th century Russian Orthodoxy was gravely weakened by an internal schism. In the 18th, the country was shaken by Peter’s forcibly imposed transformations, which favored the economy, the state, and the military at the expense of the religious spirit and national life. And along with this lopsided Petrine enlightenment, Russia felt the first whiff of secularism; its subtle poisons permeated the educated classes in the course of the 19th century and opened the path to Marxism. By the time of the Revolution, faith had virtually disappeared in Russian educated circles; and amongst the uneducated, its health was threatened.

It was Dostoevsky, once again, who drew from the French Revolution and its seeming hatred of the Church the lesson that “revolution must necessarily begin with atheism.” That is absolutely true. But the world had never before known a godlessness as organized, militarized, and tenaciously malevolent as that practiced by Marxism. Within the philosophical system of Marx and Lenin, and at the heart of their psychology, hatred of God is the principal driving force, more fundamental than all their political and economic pretensions. Militant atheism is not merely incidental or marginal to Communist policy; it is not a side effect, but the central pivot.

The 1920’s in the USSR witnessed an uninterrupted procession of victims and martyrs amongst the Orthodox clergy. Two metropolitans were shot, one of whom, Veniamin of Petrograd, had been elected by the popular vote of his diocese. Patriarch Tikhon himself passed through the hands of the Cheka-GPU and then died under suspicious circumstances. Scores of archbishops and bishops perished. Tens of thousands of priests, monks, and nuns, pressured by the Chekists to renounce the Word of God, were tortured, shot in cellars, sent to camps, exiled to the desolate tundra of the far North, or turned out into the streets in their old age without food or shelter. All these Christian martyrs went unswervingly to their deaths for the faith; instances of apostasy were few and far between. For tens of millions of laymen access to the Church was blocked, and they were forbidden to bring up their children in the Faith: religious parents were wrenched from their children and thrown into prison, while the children were turned from the faith by threats and lies…

For a short period of time, when he needed to gather strength for the struggle against Hitler, Stalin cynically adopted a friendly posture toward the Church. This deceptive game, continued in later years by Brezhnev with the help of showcase publications and other window dressing, has unfortunately tended to be taken at its face value in the West. Yet the tenacity with which hatred of religion is rooted in Communism may be judged by the example of their most liberal leader, Krushchev: for though he undertook a number of significant steps to extend freedom, Krushchev simultaneously rekindled the frenzied Leninist obsession with destroying religion.

But there is something they did not expect: that in a land where churches have been leveled, where a triumphant atheism has rampaged uncontrolled for two-thirds of a century, where the clergy is utterly humiliated and deprived of all independence, where what remains of the Church as an institution is tolerated only for the sake of propaganda directed at the West, where even today people are sent to the labor camps for their faith, and where, within the camps themselves, those who gather to pray at Easter are clapped in punishment cells–they could not suppose that beneath this Communist steamroller the Christian tradition would survive in Russia. It is true that millions of our countrymen have been corrupted and spiritually devastated by an officially imposed atheism, yet there remain many millions of believers: it is only external pressures that keep them from speaking out, but, as is always the case in times of persecution and suffering, the awareness of God in my country has attained great acuteness and profundity.

It is here that we see the dawn of hope: for no matter how formidably Communism bristles with tanks and rockets, no matter what successes it attains in seizing the planet, it is doomed never to vanquish Christianity.

The West has yet to experience a Communist invasion; religion here remains free. But the West’s own historical evolution has been such that today it too is experiencing a drying up of religious consciousness. It too has witnessed racking schisms, bloody religious wars, and rancor, to say nothing of the tide of secularism that, from the late Middle Ages onward, has progressively inundated the West. This gradual sapping of strength from within is a threat to faith that is perhaps even more dangerous than any attempt to assault religion violently from without.

Imperceptibly, through decades of gradual erosion, the meaning of life in the West has ceased to be seen as anything more lofty than the “pursuit of happiness, “a goal that has even been solemnly guaranteed by constitutions. The concepts of good and evil have been ridiculed for several centuries; banished from common use, they have been replaced by political or class considerations of short lived value. It has become embarrassing to state that evil makes its home in the individual human heart before it enters a political system. Yet it is not considered shameful to make dally concessions to an integral evil. Judging by the continuing landslide of concessions made before the eyes of our very own generation, the West is ineluctably slipping toward the abyss. Western societies are losing more and more of their religious essence as they thoughtlessly yield up their younger generation to atheism. If a blasphemous film about Jesus is shown throughout the United States, reputedly one of the most religious countries in the world, or a major newspaper publishes a shameless caricature of the Virgin Mary, what further evidence of godlessness does one need? When external rights are completely unrestricted, why should one make an inner effort to restrain oneself from ignoble acts?

Or why should one refrain from burning hatred, whatever its basis–race, class, or ideology? Such hatred is in fact corroding many hearts today. Atheist teachers in the West are bringing up a younger generation in a spirit of hatred of their own society. Amid all the vituperation we forget that the defects of capitalism represent the basic flaws of human nature, allowed unlimited freedom together with the various human rights; we forget that under Communism (and Communism is breathing down the neck of all moderate forms of socialism, which are unstable) the identical flaws run riot in any person with the least degree of authority; while everyone else under that system does indeed attain “equality”–the equality of destitute slaves. This eager fanning of the flames of hatred is becoming the mark of today’s free world. Indeed, the broader the personal freedoms are, the higher the level of prosperity or even of abundance–the more vehement, paradoxically, does this blind hatred become. The contemporary developed West thus demonstrates by its own example that human salvation can be found neither in the profusion of material goods nor in merely making money.

This deliberately nurtured hatred then spreads to all that is alive, to life itself, to the world with its colors, sounds, and shapes, to the human body. The embittered art of the twentieth century is perishing as a result of this ugly hate, for art is fruitless without love. In the East art has collapsed because it has been knocked down and trampled upon, but in the West the fall has been voluntary, a decline into a contrived and pretentious quest where the artist, instead of attempting to reveal the divine plan, tries to put himself in the place of God.

Here again we witness the single outcome of a worldwide process, with East and West yielding the same results, and once again for the same reason: Men have forgotten God.

With such global events looming over us like mountains, nay, like entire mountain ranges, it may seem incongruous and inappropriate to recall that the primary key to our being or non-being resides in each individual human heart, in the heart’s preference for specific good or evil. Yet this remains true even today, and it is, in fact, the most reliable key we have. The social theories that promised so much have demonstrated their bankruptcy, leaving us at a dead end. The free people of the West could reasonably have been expected to realize that they are beset · by numerous freely nurtured falsehoods, and not to allow lies to be foisted upon them so easily. All attempts to find a way out of the plight of today’s world are fruitless unless we redirect our consciousness, in repentance, to the Creator of all: without this, no exit will be illumined, and we shall seek it in vain. The resources we have set aside for ourselves are too impoverished for the task. We must first recognize the horror perpetrated not by some outside force, not by class or national enemies, but within each of us individually, and within every society. This is especially true of a free and highly developed society, for here in particular we have surely brought everything upon ourselves, of our own free will. We ourselves, in our daily unthinking selfishness, are pulling tight that noose…

Our life consists not in the pursuit of material success but in the quest for worthy spiritual growth. Our entire earthly existence is but a transitional stage in the movement toward something higher, and we must not stumble and fall, nor must we linger fruitlessly on one rung of the ladder. Material laws alone do not explain our life or give it direction. The laws of physics and physiology will never reveal the indisputable manner in which the Creator constantly, day in and day out, participates in the life of each of us, unfailingly granting us the energy of existence; when this assistance leaves us, we die. And in the life of our entire planet, the Divine Spirit surely moves with no less force: this we must grasp in our dark and terrible hour.

To the ill-considered hopes of the last two centuries, which have reduced us to insignificance and brought us to the brink of nuclear and non-nuclear death, we can propose only a determined quest for the warm hand of God, which we have so rashly and self-confidently spurned. Only in this way can our eyes be opened to the errors of this unfortunate twentieth century and our bands be directed to setting them right. There is nothing else to cling to in the landslide: the combined vision of all the thinkers of the Enlightenment amounts to nothing.

Our five continents are caught in a whirlwind. But it is during trials such as these that the highest gifts of the human spirit are manifested. If we perish and lose this world, the fault will be ours alone.