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Biological Hazard – Rabies Outbreak (Public Warning): Thái Nguyên Province (canine, human)

2016/04/07

RABIES – VIET NAM: (THAI NGUYEN) CANINE, HUMAN
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Date: April 5, 2016
Source: Outbreak News Today [edited]

Rabies: Vietnam’s Thái Nguyên Province reports 3 human deaths

The risk of rabies in the northern Vietnam Thái Nguyên Province is ever present as dog bites are fairly common. Since the beginning of the year, provincial health authorities have reported some 2,500 bitten by suspected rabid dogs, according to local media.

A canine suspected of being rabid that had been exhibiting signs of restlessness, and overall uncharacteristic aggressive behavior, which are two symptoms of rabies.
Image/CDC

This unfortunately has resulted in three human rabies deaths in individuals age range 8 to 63 years. They were from Ðồng Hỷ and Võ Nhai districts and in Sông Công City. None of them sought medical attention and post exposure prophylaxis (PEP).

Six people died from rabies in the province in 2015.

Only about half the dogs in the province have been vaccinated against rabies.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), rabies is endemic in Vietnam and has been a reportable disease for more than a decade. The main vector for rabies in Vietnam is the domestic dog.

According to the OIE World Animal Health Information System in 2013 Vietnam reported 102 cases of rabies in humans.

A 2015 study shows that 160 people die every single day from the disease globally for a total of nearly 60,000 human rabies deaths.

[byline: Robert Herriman ]


Previous Events

RABIES – VIET NAM: (THAI NGUYEN) CANINE, HUMAN
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Published Date: 2015-05-19 16:24:17
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies – Viet Nam: (TY) canine, human
Archive Number: 20150519.3371365

Date: Mon 18 May 2015
Source: Thanh Nien News [edited]

Thai Nguyen health authorities have reported an increase in rabies infection after many people were bitten by stray dogs. “This year [2015], 4 people have died due to rabies, including a 3 year old boy. He was attacked and badly injured by a stray dog and died a few days after being treated,” Pham Quyet Thang, deputy director of the preventive health center in the Northern Province, said.

The center reported that 3145 people in the province have been bitten by stray dogs between January and March [2015] and that it has repeatedly received reports about stray dogs suspected of being rabid. Thang said local authorities have issued warnings about rabies and set up task forces to kill suspicious-looking stray dogs.

The center has set up 7 stations to provide rabies vaccines. “The treatment cost of VND 1-2 million [USD 46-92] has been a major problem, leading to painful and unwanted consequences,” Thang said.

Pham Ngoc Quan, deputy director of the province Animal Health Agency, said people always send samples to his center when they kill a stray dog. “Every sample has tested positive for rabies.” Dr Hoang Anh, Thang’s boss, said the only way to avoid death after being bitten by a rabid dog is to get vaccinated. “In case of serious and multiple bites, the patient should be treated with a combination of vaccine and serum.”

In Viet Nam, more than 60 000 people were bitten by dogs and cats in 2014, of whom 14 died of rabies.

Rabies kills about 55 000 people a year worldwide, according to the World Health Organization, which said children under 15 are the commonest victims. Traditionally, Vietnamese families have raised dogs to guard their homes or for food. According to the General Statistics Office, there are around 10 million dogs in the country.

[byline: Khanh An – Ha An]

communicated by:
ProMED-MBDS
<promed-mbds@promedmail.org>

[Rabies is endemic in Viet Nam. According to the newswire above 3145 people in the province have been bitten by stray dogs between January and March [2015] and 4 have died of rabies. The commonest lyssavirus present is genotype 1 (rabies virus, RABV), with human infections being mostly due to its canine biotype iii.

According to the OIE World Animal Health Information Database, in 2011, Viet Nam indicated an unknown number of dog rabies cases. The following year, 2012, 86 rabies cases in dogs were reported, while 239 651 animals were routinely vaccinated. In 2013, there were 105 dog rabies cases, and 10 895 ring vaccinations (http://www.who.int/rabies/epidemiology/Rabies_CP_Vietnam_09_2014.pdf).

It is recognized that dog bite incidences originate from an increased number of stray dog population in Viet Nam.

Maps of Viet Nam can be seen at http://www.onlineasiatravel.com/images/vn/vietnam-map.png and http://healthmap.org/promed/p/46062. – Mod.TTM]

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See Also

2014

Rabies – Viet Nam (03): (YB) human, imported dog trade 20140611.2532013
Rabies – Viet Nam (02): (YB) human 20140522.2491932
Rabies – Viet Nam: (HN) human 20140520.2483557

2012

Rabies – Viet Nam (02): (North) human, canine 20121019.1353676
Rabies – Viet Nam: canine, human 20120728.1218715

2011

Rabies – Viet Nam: Lao Cai, canine, human exposure 20110613.1797

2010

Rabies, human, canine – Viet Nam (02) 20100921.3404
Rabies, human, canine – Viet Nam 20100920.3394

2009

Rabies, human, canine – Viet Nam: (LI) 20090703.2394
Rabies, via dog/cat butchering – Viet Nam: probable 20090318.1092
Rabies, human, canine – Viet Nam: (Binh Thuan), RFI 20090111.0115
………………………………………….ttm/mj/st/mpp/sh

Source:
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases


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