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Sanctuary stuff


(Politicians) have cold, expressionless faces, which imply a sharp, unbiased form of thinking, but their unconscious minds are touched by other problems. Welfare is often much more a subject of hate than of love and sympathy. One’s agenda, pride, and prestige can play a far greater role than pity for the poor victim. The displaced persons and the people of the devastated and underdeveloped countries are very much aware of this fact. They do not like the role in which fate has cast them; they have to play the double role of the eternal victim who is not only the victim of politics and war, but also of the often arrogant provider of charity. In fact, the representatives at the receiving end of these deals resent any offer made to their country. Everybody wants to be the generous “uncle from America, the ‘Land of the Free’.”

[…]

Somewhere something has gone wrong, and things have gotten out of hand. The will of nations and people to understand one another seems to be paralyzed, and mutual fear and suspicion have been built up by the fantasies of mythical ideologies warring against one another. Moreover, tomorrow only the tails of the fighting dogs may be all that remain.

[…]

Administrative bureaucrats today cannot handle their jobs adequately within the limits of the simple knowledge of people and nations that served governments in former years. If our leaders cannot take into account the irrational forces in themselves and in other people and nations, they may easily be swept off into the maelstrom of mass emotions. If they cannot learn to recognize that their private or official conduct often reflects their prejudices and irrationalities, they will not be able to cope with the often-unexpected prejudices of others. If they are, for instance, not sensitive to the paradoxical strategy hidden behind the misleading Aesopian language of totalitarians, they will not be able to counter the cold war of the mind.

Excerpts from “The Rape of the Mind: The Psychology of Thought Control, Menticide, and Brainwashing” (1956). Joost A. M. Meerloo, M.D.


See Also

Primate Behavior – Social Structure

In February 2015, Obama warned workers at the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: implement (illegal) executive amnesty, or else.


As it has become more and more obvious, “Sanctuary cities” are Orwellian nonsense writ large. There is no safety, there is no security, and they undermine the very concept of city, which exists to serve and protect … resident citizens. In evolving dystopian urban centers across the country, the very concept of “city” has been notoriously abused. Chicago, along with Los Angeles and New York City, among others, are brazenly announcing their sanctuary city status. As for their resident Citizen’s, they are to be damned.

The real solution to legal immigration is a simple one, if immigrants want to stay in America legally, they must properly apply for U.S. citizenship and follow the Rules and Laws of their new country. They will have freedom and liberty, and every “right” to prosper, or else to suffer the consequences of their bad choices and actions.

Why is this so politically difficult to understand?

Oh wait … The Center For American Progress (CAP) Action Fund circulated a memo on Monday calling illegal immigrants brought here at a young age — so-called “Dreamers” — a “critical component of the Democratic Party’s future electoral success.” – Plan To Use Foreigners To Influence American Election Outcomes

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You can be whatever you want to be… But, you may be institutionalized for it.


Most everything now is considered a psychiatric disability … except when it’s not.

What you should know about oppositional defiant disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder refers to the persistent display of irrationally rebellious behavior and anger at authority figures over an extended period.

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) typically occurs in children, but it can also be present in early adolescence. Children can often be disobedient and argumentative, but consistent patterns of these behaviors could indicate an underlying disorder.

This article will discuss what ODD is, how to recognize it, and methods of treating the disorder.

Fast facts on ODD:

  1. ODD is a type of conduct disorder that more commonly occurs in younger children.
  2. Those with ODD are easily annoyed and frequently disobey rules.
  3. The most common form of treatment is psychotherapy.

What are conduct disorders?

Children and teenagers can display aggressive behavior as a result of many environmental and developmental factors.

Research into how the brain develops throughout childhood and adolescence suggests such behavior may not necessarily be the product of any identified structural disorder.

In fact, a greater understanding of how social factors affect a person’s behavior means that some disobedient or argumentative behaviors is now perceived as normal or expected — not a conduct disorder.

What classifies as a disorder?

Conduct disorders describe a group of mental and behavioral disorders characterized by persistent patterns of behavior considered to be irritable, argumentative, aggressive, or disobedient.

To be classified as having a conduct disorder, a person must display these behaviors to a much greater extent than their peers.

Examples of behaviors that can result from a conduct disorder include:

  1. frequent lying
  2. aggressive and violent behavior
  3. vandalism
  4. persistent theft
  5. alcohol or drug use

Conduct disorders are relatively common in young people and can have an adverse impact on their social, educational, and home-life.

What is ODD?

Children and young people with ODD characteristically display ongoing patterns of defiant, vindictive, angry, and argumentative behavior toward authority figures. For a trained mental health professional to diagnose ODD, these patterns of behavior must continue for at least 6 months and significantly impair a person’s daily functioning.

Compared to other conduct disorders, ODD tends to present as disobedience or arguing with authority figures, such as teachers or parents, rather than antisocial behavior. It is a formally recognized disorder in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). ODD is not the same as autism spectrum disorders, despite sharing some behavioral similarities.

The symptoms of ODD often emerge when a child is 6 to 8 years old. It is also possible for some residual symptoms of ODD to be present in adults, who display very similar symptoms to children and adolescents. For example, an adult with ODD may display feelings of anger towards their manager at work, as opposed to a teacher or parent.

Causes

The cause of ODD is unknown, but it is likely to be a product of multiple environmental, developmental, and genetic factors. For example, a combination of environmental risk factors, such as childhood trauma or poverty and genetic factors, such as a predisposition for aggressive behavior, could cause ODD to develop.

Symptoms

Identifying the symptoms of ODD or any conduct disorder is challenging. All behaviors associated with ODD can occur in a child or teenager with varying degrees of frequency. In most cases, this is not a cause for concern.

However, behaviors that carry on for at least 6 months and have a serious impact on a child’s daily life may indicate ODD.

These behaviors must be demonstrably more severe and more frequent than that of their peers.

In attempting to identify whether a person has ODD, it is essential to be sure how often they behave in a certain way.

If a person regularly displays the same behavior in a particular situation, an individual who suspects them of having ODD may then assume that this behavior happens more frequently than it does — this is because they expect the behavior to occur.

To help identify ODD, it can help to consult with others who regularly come into contact with the individual.

If a pattern of symptoms cannot be reliably established, the behavior is unlikely to be the product of a conduct disorder.In such situations, it is best to avoid talking to the person about having a conduct disorder, or insisting they seek unnecessary medical attention, as this could cause them to feel alienated or resentful, possibly creating further problems.

How is it diagnosed?

All conduct disorders are diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist. They will use diagnostic questions and follow the guidance set out in the DSM-5 to assess whether a person has ODD.

Criteria for diagnosing ODD according to DSM-5 include:

  1. A pattern of angry or irritable mood, argumentative or defiant behavior, or vindictiveness over a period of at least 6 months, expressed through interacting with an individual who is not a sibling.
  2. Behavior causes significant disruption to social, educational, occupational, or home functioning.
  3. Behavior is not caused by a different mental health problem, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

ODD can vary in severity:

  1. Mild: symptoms are expressed in specific contexts, such as at school or home.
  2. Moderate: symptoms are expressed in at least two contexts.
  3. Severe: symptoms are expressed in three or more contexts.

To help them make an assessment, a psychiatrist may require reports from those who regularly interact with the individual. They will examine the person’s medical and psychiatric history and may recommend further psychiatric testing if they suspect that another condition is causing the symptoms.

The symptoms of ODD can often overlap with different disorders, such as ADHD or bipolar disorder, which must first be ruled out.

Treatment

Treating ODD is challenging because the causes of such behavior can be complex.

Each person is assessed individually, and treatment will differ from person-to-person.

Psychotherapy is a popular treatment option, but the specific type of psychotherapy will depend on the individual; the primary goal is to help the person find new ways of coping with stress, dealing with authority figures, and expressing emotion.

Other forms of treatment may be recommended to treat any underlying conditions that may be contributing to symptoms. For example, family therapy may be helpful if a problematic home-life is influencing the disorder.

Medication is not used to treat ODD but may be administered to treat a different underlying condition, such as ADHD.

Takeaway

ODD is often highly disruptive to daily functioning and can have some serious consequences, including substance abuse or incarceration. However, if diagnosed early enough, ODD can be successfully managed.

However, it is important that individuals who witness aggressive or unruly behavior be cautious about labeling it as a conduct disorder.

Kandola, A. (2018, January 2). “What you should know about oppositional defiant disorder.” Medical News Today. Retrieved from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320490.php.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (5th Ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Ghosh, S., & Sinha, M. (2012, September 16). ADHD, ODD, and CD: Do they belong to a common psychopathological spectrum? A Case Series. Case Reports in Psychiatry2012. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crips/2012/520689/

Lavigne, J. V., LeBailly, S. A., Gouze, K. R., Cicchetti, C., Pochyly, J., Arend, R., … Binns, H. J. (2007, October 23). Treating oppositional defiant disorder in primary care: a comparison of three models. Journal of Pediatric Psychology33(5), 449–461. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/article/33/5/449/889875

New guidelines on child antisocial behaviour. (2013, March 27). Retrieved from https://www.nhs.uk/news/pregnancy-and-child/new-guidelines-on-child-antisocial-behaviour/

Theule, J., Germain, S. M., Cheung, K., Hurl, K. E., & Markel, C. (2016, June). Conduct Disorder/Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Attachment: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology2(2), 232–255. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40865-016-0031-8

[Byline Aaron Kandola – Reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, PhD, CRNP]

02 January 2018
Medical News Today


“The tools of psychology are dangerous in the hands of the wrong men.”

A different perspective:

A free society gives its citizens the right to act as free agents. At the same time, it imposes on them the responsibility for maintaining their freedom, mental as well as political. If, using modern medical, chemical, and mechanical techniques of mental intrusion, we reduce the human capacity to act on its own initiative, we subvert our own beliefs and weaken our free system. Just as there is a deliberate political brainwashing, so there can be a suggestive intrusion masquerading under the name of justice or therapy. This may be less obtrusive than the deliberate totalitarian attack, but it is no less dangerous.  […]

Modern educational methods can be applied in therapy to streamline the human brain and change its opinions so that its thinking conforms to certain ideological systems. Medicine and psychiatry may become increasingly involved in political strategy as is seen in the strategy of brainwashing, and for this reason psychologists and psychiatrists must become more aware of the nature of the scientific tools they use. […]

Medication into submission is an existing fact. Mankind can use this knowledge of the mind of  fellow beings not to help them, but to hurt them and bog them down. The magician increases his power by increasing the anxieties and fears of his subject, by exploiting his dependency needs, and by provoking his feelings of guilt and inferiority.

Drugs and medical techniques are also used to make the individual a submissive and conforming being. This we have to keep in mind in order to be able to make them really healthy and free.

How compulsive have the use of bio-medical drugs and medical and psychological methods become? Drugs and their psychological equivalents are also able to enslave people.

In criminal circles addicting drugs … are often given to members of that culture in order to make them more submissive to the leader who distributes them. The person who provides the drug becomes almost a god to the members of the group. They will go through hell in order to acquire the drug they so desperately need.

In the hands of powerful tyrants, addictive medication leading to dependency becomes extremely dangerous. It is not unthinkable that any diabolical despot might want to use addiction as a means of bringing a rebellious people into submission.

Totalitarians know that drugs can be their helpers. This so-called biological warfare, is used to weaken and subdue the countries they view as enemies, and is used to break their morale for good. Hunger and addiction are among the most valuable tools of these despots. […]

Democracy and freedom end where slavery and submission to drugs and addiction begin. Democracy involves free, self-chosen activity and understanding; it means mature self-control and independence. Any person who escapes from reality by chronically using drugs and other substances is no longer a free agent; they are no longer able to exert any voluntary control over their mind and their actions. They are no longer self-responsible individuals. Substance abuse, mental conditioning, and drug addiction prepare the pattern of mental submission and pave the way to control the population that is so beloved by the totalitarian brain-washers.

Edited excerpts from The Rape of the Mind: The Psychology of Thought Control, Menticide, and Brainwashing” (1956). Joost A. M. Meerloo, M.D.

Consider, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The DSM5 has 947 pages. DSM2 which came out in 1968, had 140 pages. Valid advances in Science? You decide.

Strong M7.6 Seismic Event: Honduras – Caribbean Sea Region


The earthquake occurred in the Honduras Region , 44km E of Great Swan Island, Department of Gracias a Dios (population 42,054) . Places nearby: Barra Patuca, Honduras, 201.9 km (125.5 mi) NNE; Puerto Lempira, Honduras, 245.2 km (152.4 mi) N; George Town, Cayman Islands, 303.1 km (188.3 mi) SW; West Bay, Cayman Islands, 305.7 km (190.0 mi) SW; Bodden Town, Cayman Islands. 312.0 km (193.8 mi) SW.

Event Map: M 7.6 - 44km E of Great Swan Island, Honduras

Event Map: M 7.6 – 44km E of Great Swan Island, Honduras on Tuesday, 2018-01-10 at 02:51:31 UTC. . This is a product of the GEOFON Extended Virtual Network (GEVN) and credit belongs to all involved institutions.


== PRELIMINARY EARTHQUAKE REPORT ==

***This event supersedes event AT00P2BJXW,PT18010000.

Region: north of Honduras Geographic coordinates: 17.469N, 83.520W Magnitude: 7.6 Depth: 10 km Universal Time (UTC): 10 Jan 2018 02:51:32 Time near the Epicenter: 10 Jan 2018 02:51:32 Local standard time in your area: 9 Jan 2018 21:51:32

Location with respect to nearby cities: 201.9 km (125.2 mi) NNE of Barra Patuca, Honduras 245.2 km (152.0 mi) N of Puerto Lempira, Honduras 303.1 km (187.9 mi) SW of George Town, Cayman Islands 305.7 km (189.5 mi) SW of West Bay, Cayman Islands 312.0 km (193.4 mi) SW of Bodden Town, Cayman Islands

Newsroom America Feeds at 10:11 pm Eastern


North America –  Caribbean | Región de Gulfo Honduras near Great Swan Island
Location: 44km E of Great Swan Island, Honduras
Magnitude: 7.6
Time: 2018-01-10 at 02:51:31 UTC.
Epicenter: 17°28’08.4″N 83°31’12.0″W
Depth: 10 km (6.2 mi) (very shallow)
Population: No people within 100 km
Area affected by Minimal damage (estimated radius): 100 km (MMI V)
NEIC us1000c2zy

Administrative Map of Honduras

Administrative Map of Honduras. Map based on a UN map. Source: UN Cartographic Section. via Nations Online Project

This earthquake can have a low humanitarian impact based on the Magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

Additional information about this event

7.6 magnitude earthquake near Barra Patuca, Gracias a Dios, Honduras

Recent Earthquakes Near Honduras

IRIS, MWW 7.6 North Of Honduras

IRIS Interactive Earthquake Browser

M 7.6 in Honduras on 10 Jan 2018 02:51 UTC Overview of resources available in GDACS for this event

Population

314 km SW of George Town, Cayman Islands / pop: 29,400 / local time: 21:51:32.3 2018-01-09
237 km N of Puerto Lempira, Honduras / pop: 4,900 / local time: 20:51:32.3 2018-01-09
192 km N of Barra Patuca, Honduras / pop: 2,800 / local time: 20:51:32.3 2018-01-09

Tsunami

The maximum Tsunami wave height is  0.5m in George_Town, Cayman Islands. This height is estimated for 10-Jan-2018 03:39:00.

Tsunami maximum wave height (Source: JRC)

Tsunami maximum wave height (Source: JRC) See animation

Tsunami Information Statement from the PTWC :

WECA41 PHEB 100257 TSUCAX
WECA41 PHEB 100414 TSUCAX

More Tsunami Information

PTWC Caribbean Sea message archive
About PTWC Caribbean Sea messages
Caribbean Sea and Adjacent Regions Tsunami Warning System


More information
Servicio Sismologico Nacional Mexico City, Mexico
USGS/NEIC Denver, USA
GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) Potsdam, Germany
IRIS Event Based Product Query
Earthquake Track
Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC)


Tectonic Summary (USGS)

The January 10, 2018, M 7.6 Great Swan Island, Honduras earthquake occurred as the result of strike slip faulting in the shallow crust near the boundary between the North America and Caribbean plates. Early focal mechanism solutions indicate that rupture occurred on a steeply dipping structure striking either west-northwest (right-lateral), or west-southwest (left-lateral). At the location of this earthquake, the North America plate moves to the west-southwest with respect to the Caribbean plate at a rate of approximately 19 mm/yr. Local to the January 10, 2018 earthquake, this motion is predominantly accommodated along the Swan Islands transform fault, a left-lateral structure. The location, depth and focal mechanism solution of today’s earthquake are consistent with rupture occurring along this plate boundary structure, or on a nearby and closely related fault.

While commonly plotted as points on maps, earthquakes of this size are more appropriately described as slip over a larger fault area. Strike-slip-faulting events of the size of the January 10, 2018, earthquake are typically about 140×20 km (length x width).

Nine other earthquakes of M 6 or larger have occurred within 400 km of the January 10, 2018 event over the preceding century. Previous strong earthquakes along the North America-Caribbean plate boundary in this region include the destructive M 7.5 Guatemala earthquake of February 4, 1976, which resulted in more than 23,000 fatalities. The 1976 earthquake occurred on the Motagua fault, a segment of the plate boundary that lies in southern Guatemala, about 650 km west-southwest of the hypocenter of the January 10, 2018, event. In May 2009, a M 7.3 earthquake occurred along the Swan Island transform fault approximately 300 km west of the January 10, 2018 event. The 2009 earthquake (which was much closer to land than the 2018 event) resulted in 7 fatalities, 40 injuries and 130 buildings being damaged or destroyed.

USGS Map of Tectonic Summary Region

Our actions influence what we see, and Conscience does make cowards of us all …


After all, who would put up with all life’s humiliations—the abuse from superiors, the insults of arrogant men, the pangs of unrequited love, the inefficiency of the legal system, the rudeness of people in office, and the mistreatment good people have to take from bad—when you could simply take out your knife and call it quits?

Who would choose to grunt and sweat through an exhausting life, unless they were afraid of something dreadful after death, the undiscovered country from which no visitor returns, which we wonder about without getting any answers from and which makes us stick to the evils we know rather than rush off to seek the ones we don’t?

Fear of death makes us all cowards, and our natural boldness becomes weak with too much thinking. Actions that should be carried out at once get misdirected, and stop being actions at all.

But shh, here comes the beautiful Ophelia. Pretty lady, please remember me when you pray.

Modern text from No Fear Shakespeare Hamlet → Act 3, Scene 1, Page 4

Next-gen fuel cell systems and hydrogen storage technology (Update)


Study boosts hope for cheaper fuel cells

Researchers show how to optimize nanomaterials for fuel-cell cathodes

Simulations by Rice University scientists show how carbon nanomaterials may be optimized to replace expensive platinum in cathodes for electricity-generating fuel cells for transportation and other applications.

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes or modified graphene nanoribbons may be suitable replacements for platinum for fast oxygen reduction, the key reaction in fuel cells that transform chemical energy into electricity, according to Rice University researchers.

The findings are from computer simulations by Rice scientists who set out to see how carbon nanomaterials can be improved for fuel-cell cathodes. Their study reveals the atom-level mechanisms by which doped nanomaterials catalyze oxygen reduction reactions (ORR).

The research appears in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Nanoscale.

Theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson and his Rice colleagues are among many looking for a way to speed up ORR for fuel cells, which were discovered in the 19th century but not widely used until the latter part of the 20th. They have since powered transportation modes ranging from cars and buses to spacecraft.

The Rice researchers, including lead author and former postdoctoral associate Xiaolong Zou and graduate student Luqing Wang, used computer simulations to discover why graphene nanoribbons and carbon nanotubes modified with nitrogen and/or boron, long studied as a substitute for expensive platinum, are so sluggish and how they can be improved.

Doping, or chemically modifying, conductive nanotubes or nanoribbons changes their chemical bonding characteristics. They can then be used as cathodes in proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. In a simple fuel cell, anodes draw in hydrogen fuel and separate it into protons and electrons. While the negative electrons flow out as usable current, the positive protons are drawn to the cathode, where they recombine with returning electrons and oxygen to produce water.

The models showed that thinner carbon nanotubes with a relatively high concentration of nitrogen would perform best, as oxygen atoms readily bond to the carbon atom nearest the nitrogen. Nanotubes have an advantage over nanoribbons because of their curvature, which distorts chemical bonds around their circumference and leads to easier binding, the researchers found.

The tricky bit is making a catalyst that is neither too strong nor too weak as it bonds with oxygen. The curve of the nanotube provides a way to tune the nanotubes’ binding energy, according to the researchers, who determined that “ultrathin” nanotubes with a radius between 7 and 10 angstroms would be ideal. (An angstrom is one ten-billionth of a meter; for comparison, a typical atom is about 1 angstrom in diameter.)

They also showed co-doping graphene nanoribbons with nitrogen and boron enhances the oxygen-absorbing abilities of ribbons with zigzag edges. In this case, oxygen finds a double-bonding opportunity. First, they attach directly to positively charged boron-doped sites. Second, they’re drawn by carbon atoms with high spin charge, which interacts with the oxygen atoms’ spin-polarized electron orbitals. While the spin effect enhances adsorption, the binding energy remains weak, also achieving a balance that allows for good catalytic performance.

The researchers showed the same catalytic principles held true, but to lesser effect, for nanoribbons with armchair edges.

“While doped nanotubes show good promise, the best performance can probably be achieved at the nanoribbon zigzag edges where nitrogen substitution can expose the so-called pyridinic nitrogen, which has known catalytic activity,” Yakobson said.

“If arranged in a foam-like configuration, such material can approach the efficiency of platinum,” Wang said. “If price is a consideration, it would certainly be competitive.”

Zou is now an assistant professor at Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute in Shenzhen City, China. Yakobson is the Karl F. Hasselmann Professor of Materials Science and NanoEngineering and a professor of chemistry.

The research was supported by the Robert Welch Foundation, the Army Research Office, the Development and Reform Commission of Shenzhen Municipality, the Youth 1000-Talent Program of China and Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute.

Story Source:

Materials provided by Rice University. Original written by Mike Williams. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Xiaolong Zou, Luqing Wang, Boris I. Yakobson. Mechanisms of the oxygen reduction reaction on B- and/or N-doped carbon nanomaterials with curvature and edge effects. Nanoscale, 2018; DOI: 10.1039/C7NR08061A

Citation:

Rice University. “Study boosts hope for cheaper fuel cells: Researchers show how to optimize nanomaterials for fuel-cell cathodes.” ScienceDaily. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180105124000.htm (accessed January 6, 2018).

Biological Health Hazard – Influenza A Outbreak, sub-type, H3N2: Increased activity – USA


Flu counts jump as 46 states report widespread activity

Influenza activity shot up across the United States last week, according to the latest FluView weekly report today from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Geographic indicators and increasing hospitalizations all suggest high flu activity.

Now 46 states are experiencing widespread flu activity, with only Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, and New Jersey reporting regional levels of influenza. New York City and 26 states reported high influenza-like illness (ILI) activity. Nine states and Puerto Rico reported moderate activity, and 15 states and the District of Colombia reported low or minimal activity.

In the week before, 21 states had reported high ILI activity.

H3N2 dominates lab samples

Last week, with 36 states reporting widespread activity, the CDC issued a warning stating that H3N2, an influenza A subtype that’s notoriously hard on children and the elderly, was dominating this season’s flu landscape.

Further evidence of H3N2’s prevalence was shown in this week’s laboratory surveillance data. Influenza A was the dominant strain, accounting for 84.9% of all laboratory-confirmed flu samples. Of those influenza A specimens, 87.0% were H3N2 and 7.7% were H1N1. Only 15.1% of all samples tested were influenza B, with the majority (58.3%) subtyped as Yamagata.

The proportion of laboratory samples testing positive for flu went up from 22.4% last week to 25.5% this week.

For the sixth week in a row, the percentage of clinic visits for flu was above the national baseline of 2.2%. Last week, that percentage was 5.0%; this week it climbed to 5.8%.

Hospitalizations spike

Hospitalizations due to ILI also rose this week, from 8.7 hospitalizations per 100,000 population to 13.7. Adults over 65 were most likely to be hospitalized, with 56.6 hospitalizations per 100,000 population, followed by adults aged 50 to 64 (15.4 per 100,000 population) and children aged 0 to 4 years (9.9 per 100,000 population). The vast majority (90.1%) of hospitalizations were associated with influenza A.

“Antiviral treatment as early as possible is recommended for patients with confirmed or suspected influenza who have severe, complicated, or progressive illness; who require hospitalization; or who are at high risk for serious influenza-related complications,” the CDC said, echoing last week’s Health Alert Network reminder that clinicians should use antivirals in certain high-risk patients when influenza is suspected.

One additional pediatric death was reported last week, bringing the total number of pediatric deaths for the 2017-18 season to 13. The child suffered from an influenza A infection, but subtyping was not performed, the CDC said.

Flu in Europe

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said in its weekly flu report that activity has also increase in Northern, Southern, and Western Europe. Influenza A and B are co-circulating across the continent.

Of individuals presenting with ILI or respiratory illness to sentinel primary healthcare sites, 44% tested positive for influenza viruses, an increase from 38% in the previous week.

[Byline Stephanie Soucheray]

See also:

Jan 5 CDC FluView
Jan 5 Flu News Europe
Dec 27 CDC Health Alert Network post

05 January 2017
CIDRAP News (edited)


Additional information:

PRO/EDR> Influenza (02): increased seasonal activity, USA, Europe, Asia, 20180104.5534440

WHO Surveillance and monitoring, influenza updates

CIDRAP – Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy

Nuclear Event – Reactor Shutdown (Equipment failure -Extreme Weather Event): Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, Plymouth, MA


Technological Hazard (Nuclear Event) – Nuclear Reactor SCRAM

North America – USA | State of Massachusetts, Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, Unit 1
Location: 41°56’42.0″N 70°34’42.0″W
Present Operational Age: ~46 years
Event: (HOT SHUTDOWN) MANUAL REACTOR SCRAM DUE TO PARTIAL LOSS OF OFFSITE POWER DURING WINTER STORM
Emergency Class: NON EMERGENCY
10 CFR Section:
50.72(b)(2)(iv)(B) – RPS ACTUATION – CRITICAL
50.72(b)(3)(iv)(A) – VALID SPECIF SYS ACTUATION

Nuclear Event in USA on Thursday, 04 January, 2017 at 14:10 [EST].

MANUAL REACTOR SCRAM DUE TO PARTIAL LOSS OF OFFSITE POWER DURING WINTER STORM

“On January 4, 2018, at 1410 hours EST, with the reactor at approximately 100 percent power and steady state conditions, the winter storm across the Northeast caused the loss of offsite 345 kV Line 342. Reactor power was reduced to approximately 81 percent and a procedurally required manual reactor scram was initiated. All control rods fully inserted.

“As a result of the reactor scram, indicated reactor water level decreased, as expected, to less than +12 inches resulting in automatic actuation of the Primary Containment Isolation Systems for Group II – Primary Containment Isolation and Reactor Building Isolation System, and Group VI – Reactor Water Cleanup System.

“Reactor Water Level was restored to the normal operating band. The Primary Containment Isolation Systems have been reset. The Reactor Protection System signal has been reset.

“Following the reactor scram, the non-safety related Control Rod Drive Pump “B” tripped on low suction pressure. Control Rod Drive Pump “A” was placed in service. All other systems operated as expected, in accordance with design.

“This event is reportable per the requirements of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 50.72 (b)(2)(iv)(B) – “RPS Actuation” and 10 CFR 50.72 (b)(3)(iv)(A) – “Specified System Actuation.”

“This event had no impact on the health and/or safety of the public.

“The NRC Resident Inspector has been notified.”

The main steam isolation valves are open with decay heat being removed via steam to the main condenser.

Offsite power is still available from 345kV line 355. As a contingency, emergency diesel generators are running and powering safety busses per licensee procedure.

The licensee notified the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The licensee will be notifying the town of Plymouth as part of their local notifications. The licensee will be issuing a press release.

Source: NRC  Event Number:  53147